(1948) Socialist state is created on the Korean PeninsulaFollowing post-WWII annexations by the USSR in the north and the US in the south, the country of Korea is further split as the Democratic People’s Republic of Korea is announced. The new socialist dictatorship, led by Kim Il Sung, takes over the north, and will close its borders and grow increasingly isolated.North Korea, officially the Democratic People’s Republic of Korea, is a country in East Asia constituting the northern part of the Korean Peninsula. Pyongyang is the nation’s capital and largest city. To the north and northwest the country is bordered by China and by Russia along the Amnok and Tumen rivers; it is bordered to the south by South Korea, with the heavily fortified Korean Demilitarized Zone separating the two. Nevertheless, North Korea, like its southern counterpart, claims to be the legitimate government of the entire Korean peninsula.
Population: 25.37 million (2016) Official language: Korean Capital: Pyongyang GDP: $25 billion USD (2015) Area: 46,541 sq miles (120,540 km²) Calling code: 850 Area controlled by the Democratic People’s Republic of Korea shown in dark green; claimed but uncontrolled regions shown in light green.