(1952) Revolution is launched and an Egyptian king will abdicateDecadent, politically ineffectual, and increasingly unpopular, Egypt’s King Farouk is overthrown by a military coup headed by future Egyptian president Abdel Nasser. The Revolution of 1952 will erase the last trace of British colonial influence from Egypt and the Sudan.The Egyptian revolution of 1952, also known as the July 23 revolution, began on July 23, 1952, by the Free Officers Movement, a group of army officers led by Muhammad Naguib and Gamal Abdel Nasser. The revolution was initially aimed at overthrowing King Faruq. However, the movement had more political ambitions, and soon moved to abolish the constitutional monarchy and aristocracy of Egypt and Sudan, establish a republic, end the British occupation of the country, and secure the independence of Sudan. The revolutionary government adopted a staunchly nationalist, anti-imperialist agenda, which came to be expressed chiefly through Arab nationalism, and international non-alignment.
Date: Jul 23, 1952 The leaders of the revolution, Muhammad Naguib (left) and Gamal Abdel Nasser (right) in a Cadillac