New Amsterdam was a 17th-century Dutch settlement established at the southern tip of Manhattan Island that served as the seat of the colonial government in New Netherland. The factorij became a settlement outside Fort Amsterdam. The fort was situated on the strategic southern tip of the island of Manhattan and was meant to defend the fur trade operations of the Dutch West India Company in the North River.
The Fall of New Amsterdam
Also on this day,
1900 | Deadly hurricane strikes Texas
The Gulf Coast town of Galveston, Texas, is torn apart by 145-mph winds, as a Category 4 hurricane makes landfall. Along with the wind comes catastrophic flooding, and the combination will result in upwards of 12,000 fatalities, making this the deadliest hurricane in US history.1935 | Louisiana’s populist politician Huey Long brought down in Baton Rouge
Firebrand, brilliant political tactician, and powerful public speaker, Huey Long, US Senator from Louisiana, is famously controversial, and his over-the-top career now ends as an assassin’s bullets hit him in Louisiana’s State Capitol. Long will succumb to his wounds two days later.1966 | ‘Star Trek’ boldly goes where no show has gone before
Gene Roddenberry pitched his story of 23rd-century interstellar exploration as a sort of outer space Western, and tonight ‘Star Trek’ makes its TV debut. The series will be cancelled just three seasons in, but reruns in syndication prove that the show will live long and prosper.
Damages: $21 million USD (1900)
Formed: Aug 27, 1900
Dissipated: Sep 17, 1900
Highest winds: 142.92 mph (230 km/h)
Affected areas: Texas · Haiti · Puerto Rico · Dominican Republic · Louisiana · Cuba · Lesser Antilles · New York · Mississippi · Jamaica · Bahamas · Turks and Caicos Islands · Great Lakes region · South Florida · Central United States
Galveston Hurricane (1900) SWA