(49 BCE) Julius Caesar crosses the Rubicon Saying, “Alea iacta est” (The die is cast), Julius Caesar and his troops cross a shallow river in northeastern Italy, triggering civil war. “Crossing the Rubicon” will later enter the world’s lexicon as an expression meaning to take an irrevocable step that commits one to a specific course.The Rubicon is both the name of a shallow river in northeastern Italy, just south of Ravenna, and the name historically given to a river that was famously crossed by Julius Caesar in 49 BCE. While it has not been proven, historians generally agree that the two rivers are indeed one and the same; this was not always the case.
Source elevation: 820 feet (250 m) Length: 50 miles (80 km) Location: Italy Source: Apennine Mountains Mouth: Adriatic Sea Cities: Rimini · Cesena
wiki/Rubicon(1863) World’s first subway opensThe Metropolitan Railway opens in England as the world’s first subway, with steam engines pulling wooden carriages lit by gas lamps. Later officially called the London Underground, its warren of tunnels will be more popularly referred to as, simply, “The Tube.”The London Underground is a public rapid transit system serving Greater London and some parts of the adjacent counties of Buckinghamshire, Essex and Hertfordshire in the United Kingdom.
Address: Higgison House, 381 – 383 City Road, London EC1V 1NW Inception: Jan 10, 1863
wiki/London_Underground(1946) United Nations meets for the first timeRepresentatives from 51 nations meet at Westminster Central Hall in London to convene the first General Assembly of the United Nations after the global devastation of World War II.The United Nations is an intergovernmental organization to promote international co-operation. A replacement for the ineffective League of Nations, the organization was established on 24 October 1945 after World War II in order to prevent another such conflict. At its founding, the UN had 51 member states; there are now 193. The headquarters of the United Nations is in Manhattan, New York City, and experiences extraterritoriality. Further main offices are situated in Geneva, Nairobi, and Vienna. The organization is financed by assessed and voluntary contributions from its member states. Its objectives include maintaining international peace and security, promoting human rights, fostering social and economic development, protecting the environment, and providing humanitarian aid in cases of famine, natural disaster, and armed conflict.
Founded: 1945 · Lake Success, NY Founders: United States · United Kingdom · Soviet Union · Canada · France · India · Australia · Mexico · Iran · Turkey · Norway · Brazil · Syria · Netherlands · Republic of China Headquarters: New York, NY Nominations: Academy Award for Best Documentary wiki/United_Nations
(1964) First Beatles album released in USSporting the subtitle “England’s No. 1 Vocal Group,” ‘Introducing The Beatles’ is released by Vee-Jay Records ten days before Capital Records debuts the massive chart-topper ‘Meet The Beatles!’.Introducing… The Beatles is the first Beatles album released in the United States. Originally scheduled for a July 1963 release, the LP came out on 10 January 1964, on Vee-Jay Records, ten days before Capitol’s Meet the Beatles!. The latter album, however, entered the U.S. album chart one week before the former. Consequently, when Meet The Beatles! peaked at #1 for eleven consecutive weeks, Introducing…The Beatles stalled at #2 where it remained nine consecutive weeks. It was the subject of much legal wrangling, but ultimately, Vee-Jay were permitted to sell the album until late 1964, by which time it had sold more than 1.3 million copies. On 24 July 2014 the album was certified gold and platinum by the RIAA.
Release year: 1964 Genre: Rock and roll Label: Vee-Jay Records Artist: The Beatles