7 February 2009 MODIS Aqua satellite image of smoke plumes from bushfires burning in Victoria.
Start date: Dec 16, 1811
End date: Feb 07, 1812
Lead singers: John Lennon (1960 – 1969) · Paul McCartney (1960 – 1970)
Founded: Apple Records · Northern Songs · Apple Boutique
Tours: The Beatles’ 1966 US tour · The Beatles’ 1964 world tour · The Beatles’ 1965 US tour · The Beatles’ 1965 European tour
Awards: Grammy Award for Album of the Year (1968) · Grammy Lifetime Achievement Award (2014) · Grammy Award for Best New Artist (1965) · Grammy Hall of Fame (2011, 2008, 2004, 2002, 2001, 2000, 1999, 1998, 1997, 1995, 1993)
Nominations: Grammy Award for Record of the Year (1971, 1969, 1966, 1965) · MTV Video Music Award for Best Visual Effects (1996) · American Music Award for Favorite Pop/Rock Album (1997) · NME Award for British Instrumental Unit
Lived: Sep 07, 1533 – Mar 24, 1603 (age 69)
Related movies: Elizabeth · Elizabeth: The Golden Age
Parents: Henry VIII of England (Father) · Anne Boleyn (Mother)
Siblings: Mary I of England (Sister) · Edward VI of England (Brother) · Henry FitzRoy, 1st Duke of Richmond and Somerset (Brother)
Children: Piers FitzThomas Butler
Speeches: Speech to the Troops at Tilbury · The Golden SpeechHighlights
- 1558: Elizabeth’s intention had been to exchange Le Havre for Calais, lost to France in January 1558.
- 1563: It was her first venture into France since the retreat from Le Havre in 1563.
- 1564: In 1564, Elizabeth raised Dudley to the peerage as Earl of Leicester.
- 1578: Public tributes to the Virgin by 1578 acted as a coded assertion of opposition to the queen’s marriage negotiations with the Duke of Alençon.
- 1584: In December 1584, an alliance between Philip II and the French Catholic League at Joinville undermined the ability of Anjou’s brother, Henry III of France, to counter Spanish domination of the Netherlands.
- 1594: The queen’s personal authority was lessening, as is shown in the 1594 affair of Dr. Lopez, her trusted physician.
- 1603: She died on 24 March 1603 at Richmond Palace, between two and three in the morning.
Address: Great Russell Street, London WC1B 3DG
Phone: 020 7323 8299
Founder: Hans Sloane
Architects: Robert Smirke · Sydney Smirke · Robert Hooke · John Russell Pope · John James Burnet · Spencer de Grey · John Taylor
Artwork owned: Rosetta Stone · Isabella Brant
Date: Jan 15, 1967
Champion: Green Bay Packers
Runners-up: Kansas City Chiefs
Date: Jan 15, 2009
On this day in 1974, President Richard M. Nixon signs the Emergency Highway Energy Conservation Act, setting a new national maximum speed limit.
Prior to 1974, individual states set speed limits within their boundaries and highway speed limits across the country ranged from 40 mph to 80 mph. The U.S. and other industrialized nations enjoyed easy access to cheap Middle Eastern oil from 1950 to 1972, but the Arab-Israeli conflict changed that dramatically in 1973. Arab members of the Organization for Petroleum Exporting Countries (OPEC) protested the West’s support of Israel in the Yom Kippur War by stopping oil shipments to the United States, Japan and Western Europe. OPEC also flexed its new-found economic muscle by quadrupling oil prices, placing a choke-hold on America’s oil-hungry consumers and industries. The embargo had a global impact, sending the U.S. and European economies into recession. As part of his response to the embargo, President Nixon signed a federal law lowering all national highway speed limits to 55 mph. The act was intended to force Americans to drive at speeds deemed more fuel-efficient, thereby curbing the U.S. appetite for foreign oil. With it, Nixon ushered in a policy of fuel conservation and rationing not seen since World War II.
The act also prohibited the Department of Transportation from approving or funding any projects within states that did not comply with the new speed limit. Most states quietly adjusted their speed limits, though Western states, home to the country’s longest, straightest and most monotonous rural highways, only grudgingly complied. Even after OPEC lifted the embargo in March 1974, drivers continued to face high gas prices and attempted to conserve fuel by buying revolutionary Japanese economy cars. For many, a desire for fuel-efficient automobiles became the standard until the trend toward gas-guzzling sport-utility vehicles (SUVs) emerged in the 1990s. In 1987, Congress authorized states to reset speed limits within their borders, but proponents of the national maximum speed limit law claimed it lowered automobile-related fatalities, prompting Congress to keep it on the books until finally repealing it on November 28, 1995.
Today speed limits across the country vary between 35 and 40 mph in congested urban areas and 75 mph on long stretches of rural highway. U.S. drivers now drive almost as fast as their European counterparts, who average between 75 and 80 mph on the highway. On some roads in Italy, it is legal to drive as fast as 95 mph.
NIXON SIGNS NATIONAL SPEED LIMIT INTO LAW
Date: Jan 02, 2006
|(1605) Authorities foil plot to kill King James I of England|
|The Gunpowder Plot fizzles after a letter hints of an attack. A search of the House of Lords, where the king is due to appear, finds Guy Fawkes guarding barrels of gunpowder. On the rack, Fawkes gives up his accomplices and their plot to bring a Catholic to the throne..|
|(1912) Woodrow Wilson wins US presidency in landslide|
|Wilson, a Democrat, coasts to victory over not one but two former presidents, amassing 435 electoral votes. Republican incumbent William Howard Taft gets a measly eight electoral votes; Teddy Roosevelt, the Progressive Party candidate, claims 88. .|
|(1994) George Foreman becomes oldest heavyweight boxing champ at 45|
|In a stunning upset, Foreman knocks out Michael Moorer, 26, in the tenth round. Foreman, who had taken a long hiatus from boxing, wears the same shorts he wore in his last championship fight, 20 years earlier, when he lost the title to Muhammad Ali..|
|(2009) Army major kills 13 in shooting spree at Fort Hood|
|Nidal Malik Hasan, an Army psychiatrist, opens fire on his largely unarmed colleagues at the base’s processing center, near Killeen, Texas. The rampage will leave 13 dead and over 30 wounded, the most casualties ever on a US military base. .|