(2003) Former Iraqi dictator Saddam Hussein is captured After nine months on the run, Saddam Hussein is found hiding in a “spider hole” 6-8 feet underground near his hometown of Tikrit. He offers no resistance to US troops and looks like a different man than during his 24-year reign: Saddam is filthy, with a bushy, unkempt beard.Operation Red Dawn was an American military operation conducted on 13 December 2003 in the town of ad-Dawr, Iraq, near Tikrit, that led to the capture of Iraqi president Saddam Hussein. The operation was named after the 1984 film Red Dawn. The mission was assigned to the 1st Brigade Combat Team of the 4th Infantry Division, commanded by Maj. Gen. Raymond Odierno and led by Col. James Hickey of the 4th Infantry Division, with joint operations Task Force 121—an elite and covert joint special operations team.
Date: Dec 13, 2003
Iraqi-American, Samir, 34, pinning deposed Iraqi leader Saddam Hussein to the ground during his capture in Tikrit, on Saturday, December 13, 2003. Samir was the translator for the U.S. Special Forces that helped find Hussein and pull him from his hiding place on December 13, 2003. Samir later met with U.S. President Bush and thanked him for liberating Iraq. wiki/Operation_Red_Dawn4.8.d17
(1413) Henry V assumes the throne of EnglandWith the death of his father, the 26-year-old Henry V assumes England’s throne. Later crowned on April 9, 1413, he will go on to lead a stirring victory at Agincourt, almost conquer France, and be immortalized more than a century later by Shakespeare.Henry V was King of England from 1413 until his death at the age of 36 in 1422. He was the second English monarch who came from the House of Lancaster. After military experience fighting the Welsh during the revolt of Owain Glyndŵr, and against the powerful aristocratic Percys of Northumberland at the Battle of Shrewsbury, Henry came into political conflict with his father, whose health was increasingly precarious from 1405 onward. After his father’s death in 1413, Henry assumed control of the country and embarked on war with France in the ongoing Hundred Years’ War between the two nations. His military successes culminated in his famous victory at the Battle of Agincourt and saw him come close to conquering France. After months of negotiation with Charles VI of France, the Treaty of Troyes recognised Henry V as regent and heir apparent to the French throne, and he was subsequently married to Charles’s daughter, Catherine of Valois. Following Henry V’s sudden and unexpected death in France two years later, he was succeeded by his infant son, who reigned as Henry VI.
Lived: Aug 09, 1386 – Aug 31, 1422 (age 36) Spouse: Catherine of Valois (m. 1420) Children: Henry VI of England (Son) Parents: Mary de Bohun (Mother) · Henry IV of England (Father) Buried: Westminster Abbey Siblings: John of Lancaster, 1st Duke of Bedford (Brother) · Humphrey, Duke of Gloucester (Brother) · Thomas of Lancaster, 1st Duke of Clarence (Brother)
1399: He was created Prince of Wales at his father’s coronation, and Duke of Lancaster on 10 November 1399, the third person to hold the title that year.
1410: From January 1410, helped by his uncles Henry Beaufort and Thomas Beaufort – legitimised sons of John of Gaunt – he had practical control of the government.
1415: The exception was the Southampton Plot in favour of Mortimer, involving Henry Scrope, 3rd Baron Scrope of Masham and Richard, Earl of Cambridge (grandfather of the future King Edward IV of England), in July 1415.
1416: While Henry was occupied with peace negotiations in 1416, a French and Genoese fleet surrounded the harbour at the English-garrisoned Harfleur.
1417: With those two potential enemies gone, and after two years of patient preparation following the Battle of Agincourt, Henry renewed the war on a larger scale in 1417.
1420: In 1420 Henry V married Catherine of Valois, daughter of Charles VI of France and younger sister of the widow of Richard II, Isabella of Valois (who died several years after her husband).
wiki/Henry_V_of_England(1616) Sir Walter Raleigh released from Tower of LondonExplorer of exotic lands, Queen Elizabeth’s confidant, and the Tower of London’s prisoner for the last 13 years, Sir Walter Raleigh is today freed. Ill fortune finds him again two years later and he will be executed.Sir Walter Raleigh was an English landed gentleman, writer, poet, soldier, politician, courtier, spy and explorer. He was cousin to Sir Richard Grenville and younger half-brother of Sir Humphrey Gilbert. He is also well known for popularising tobacco in England.
Lived: Jan 22, 1552 – Oct 29, 1618 (age 66) Spouse: Elizabeth Raleigh (m. 1591 – 1618) Related movies: Elizabeth: The Golden Age Siblings: Humphrey Gilbert (Brother) · Carew Raleigh (Brother) · Adrian Gilbert (Brother) · John Gilbert (Brother) Education: Oriel College, Oxford · University of Oxford Buried: St Margaret’s, Westminster
1587: In 1587, Raleigh attempted a second expedition, again establishing a settlement on Roanoke Island.
1591: In 1591, Raleigh was secretly married to Elizabeth “Bess” Throckmorton (or Throgmorton).
1592: She gave birth to a son, believed to be named Damerei, who was given to a wet nurse at Durham House, but he died in October 1592 of plague.
1595: Raleigh himself never visited North America, although he led expeditions in 1595 and 1617 to the Orinoco River basin in South America in search of the golden city of El Dorado.
1616: In 1616, he was released to lead a second expedition in search of El Dorado.
1617: In 1617, Raleigh was pardoned by the King and granted permission to conduct a second expedition to Venezuela in search of El Dorado.
wiki/Walter_Raleigh(1942) General MacArthur promises, “I shall return”Having retreated from the war-torn, Japanese-dominated Philippines to the relative safety of Australia, General Douglas MacArthur makes a speech, vowing “I shall return.” He will do just that two years later, to lead the Philippines Campaign of 1944 and ’45.Douglas MacArthur was an American five-star general and field marshal of the Philippine Army. He was Chief of Staff of the United States Army during the 1930s and played a prominent role in the Pacific theater during World War II. He received the Medal of Honor for his service in the Philippines Campaign, which made him and his father Arthur MacArthur, Jr., the first father and son to be awarded the medal. He was one of only five men ever to rise to the rank of General of the Army in the US Army, and the only man ever to become a field marshal in the Philippine Army.
Lived: Jan 26, 1880 – Apr 05, 1964 (age 84) Height: 6′ 0″ (1.83 m) Spouse: Jean MacArthur (m. 1937 – 1964) · Louise Cromwell Brooks (m. 1922 – 1929) Education: United States Military Academy · TMI — The Episcopal School of Texas Movies and TV shows: Truman · A Nation Is Born · 18 Million Orphans Children: Arthur MacArthur IV (Son)
1922: Douglas MacArthur married Louise Cromwell Brooks on February 14, 1922; their marriage lasted 7 years till 1929.
1941: On 26 July 1941, Roosevelt federalized the Philippine Army, recalled MacArthur to active duty in the U.S. Army as a major general, and named him commander of U.S. Army Forces in the Far East (USAFFE).
1942: In March 1942, MacArthur, his family and his staff left nearby Corregidor Island in PT boats and escaped to Australia, where MacArthur became Supreme Commander, Southwest Pacific Area.
1942: On 18 April 1942, MacArthur was appointed Supreme Commander of Allied Forces in the Southwest Pacific Area (SWPA).
1943: Lieutenant General Walter Krueger’s Sixth Army headquarters arrived in SWPA in early 1943 but MacArthur had only three American divisions, and they were tired and depleted from the fighting at Battle of Buna–Gona and Battle of Guadalcanal.
1964: Douglas MacArthur died at Walter Reed Army Medical Center on 5 April 1964, of biliary cirrhosis.
wiki/Douglas_MacArthur(2003) The Iraq War beginsCoalition forces from the US, UK, Australia, and Poland begin moving from the Iraqi-Kuwaiti border into Basra Province, and the invasion of Iraq is underway. The ensuing conflict will come to be known as the Iraq War. The US will officially withdraw from Iraq in 2011, only to be drawn back in three years later to lead a coalition charged with battling a persistent insurgency and tempering ongoing civil conflict.The Iraq War was a protracted armed conflict that began in 2003 with the invasion of Iraq by a United States-led coalition that toppled the government of Saddam Hussein. The conflict continued for much of the next decade as an insurgency emerged to oppose the occupying forces and the post-invasion Iraqi government. An estimated 151,000 to 600,000 or more Iraqis were killed in the first 3–4 years of conflict. It became re-involved in 2014 at the head of a new coalition; the insurgency and many dimensions of the civil armed conflict continue.