(1902) Australian lieutenants in Boer War executedAustralian lieutenants Harry ‘The Breaker’ Morant and Peter Handcock are executed for war crimes during the Second Boer War. Later, court records will disappear and lead to suspicion of a British cover-up.The Second Boer War, usually known as the Boer War and also at the time as the South African War, started on 11 October 1899 and ended on 31 May 1902. Great Britain defeated two Boer states in South Africa: the South African Republic and the Orange Free State. Britain was aided by its Cape Colony, Colony of Natal and some native African allies. The British war effort was further supported by volunteers from the British Empire, including Southern Africa, the Australian colonies, Canada, India, and New Zealand. All other nations were neutral, but public opinion in them was largely hostile to Britain. Inside Britain and its Empire there also was significant opposition to the Second Boer War.
Start date: Oct 11, 1899 End date: May 31, 1902
wiki/Second_Boer_War(1964) Italy requests help to keep Pisa’s tower from topplingA cathedral’s 791-year-old bell tower in the Italian city of Pisa, always a little askew, is now in real danger of collapsing completely. Italy puts out a call for a straight solution.The Leaning Tower of Pisa or simply the Tower of Pisa is the campanile, or freestanding bell tower, of the cathedral of the Italian city of Pisa, known worldwide for its unintended tilt.
wiki/Leaning_Tower_of_Pisa(1973) The occupation of Wounded Knee beginsSparked by a combination of tribal corruption and the US government’s mishandling of treaties, members of the American Indian Movement, and about 200 Oglala Lakota seize and occupy Wounded Knee, South Dakota. Law enforcement agencies will cordon off the area, and the occupation will last until May.The Wounded Knee incident began on February 27, 1973, when approximately 200 Oglala Lakota and followers of the American Indian Movement seized and occupied the town of Wounded Knee, South Dakota, on the Pine Ridge Indian Reservation. The protest followed the failure of an effort of the Oglala Sioux Civil Rights Organization to impeach tribal president Richard Wilson, whom they accused of corruption and abuse of opponents. Additionally, protesters criticized the United States government’s failure to fulfill treaties with Native American people and demanded the reopening of treaty negotiations.
Start date: Feb 27, 1973 End date: May 08, 1973
wiki/Wounded_Knee_incident(2002) Hindu pilgrims die in burning trainA train returning from the disputed holy site of Ayodhya erupts in flames outside Godhra station in Uttar Pradesh, India, killing 56 Hindu pilgrims. A six-year investigation into the incident will conclude that the fire was started deliberately by a Muslim mob, though decisive evidence will prove elusive.The Godhra train burning was an incident that occurred on the morning of 27 February 2002, in which 59 people died in a fire inside the Sabarmati Express train near the Godhra railway station in the Indian state of Gujarat. The victims included Hindu pilgrims who were returning from the city of Ayodhya after a religious ceremony at the disputed Babri Masjid site. The commission set up by the Government of Gujarat to investigate the train burning spent 6 years going over the details of the case, and concluded that the fire was arson committed by a mob of 1,000 to 2,000 people. A commission appointed by the central government, whose appointment was later held to be unconstitutional, stated that the fire had been an accident. A court convicted 31 Muslims for the incident and the conspiracy for the crime, although the actual causes of the fire have yet to be proven conclusively.
(1912) The Last Emperor of China abdicates his throneEnding a system of imperial rule that began in 221 BCE, Emperor Puyi of the Qing Dynasty, just six years old, steps down following the Xinhai Revolution. He will later be named emperor of the puppet state of Manchukuo by the Empire of Japan, but in 1949, Puyi will be jailed as a war criminal.Puyi, of the Manchu Aisin Gioro clan, commonly known as Henry Pu Yi, was the last Emperor of China and the twelfth and final ruler of the Qing dynasty. When a child, he ruled as the Xuantong Emperor from 1908 until his forced abdication on 12 February 1912, after the successful Xinhai Revolution. From 1 to 12 July 1917, he was briefly restored to the throne as emperor by the warlord Zhang Xun. In 1932, after the occupation of Manchuria the state of Manchukuo was established by Japan, and he was chosen to become ‘Chief Executive’ of the new state using the era-name of Datong. In 1934, he was declared the Kangde Emperor of Manchukuo and ruled until the end of the Second Sino-Japanese War in 1945. After the People’s Republic of China was established in 1949, Puyi was imprisoned as a war criminal for 10 years, wrote his memoirs and became a titular member of the Chinese People’s Political Consultative Conference and the National People’s Congress.
Lived: Feb 07, 1906 – Oct 17, 1967 (age 61) Spouse: Li Shuxian (m. 1962 – 1967) · Li Yuqin (m. 1943 – 1957) · Empress Wanrong (m. 1922 – 1946) · Tan Yuling (m. 1937 – 1942) · Wenxiu (m. 1922 – 1931) Movies: The Last Emperor Children: Ohthere · Ottar Egilsson, King of Sweden · Ingibjørg Angantyrsdatter of Sweden · Fusto Egilsson Parents: Zaifeng, Prince Chun (Father) · Youlan (Mother) Siblings: Pujie (Brother) · Jin Youzhi (Brother) · Jin Yunying (Sister) · Puqi (Brother) · Pu Yunyu (Sister) · Jin Zhijian (Sister) · Jin Yunxian (Sister) · Yunhe (Sister) · Jin Ruijie (Sister) · Yunying (Sister)
1911: Puyi’s father, Prince Chun, served as a regent until 6 December 1911 when Empress Dowager Longyu took over following the Xinhai Revolution.
1922: Wanrong (1906–1946), married Puyi in 1922, was his Empress.
1922: Wenxiu (1909–1953), married Puyi in 1922, was his Consort Shu (淑妃).
1931: Puyi and Wenxiu divorced in 1931.
1934: In 1934, he was crowned the emperor of Manchukuo under the reign title Kangde (Wade-Giles: Kang-te; 康德).
1967: He died in Beijing of complications arising from kidney cancer and heart disease on 17 October 1967 at the age of 61.
wiki/Puyi(1947) Christian Dior’s ‘New Look’ rocks the fashion worldFrench fashion designer Christian Dior unveils a fresh take on post-war women’s attire, and his waist-nipping, hip-enhancing suits and dresses will bring feminine silhouettes back into vogue.Christian Dior SE, commonly known as Dior, is a French luxury goods company controlled and chaired by French businessman Bernard Arnault, who also heads LVMH – the world’s largest luxury group. Dior itself holds 42.36% shares of and 59.01% voting rights within LVMH. Founded in 1946 by the eponymous designer Christian Dior, today the company designs and retails ready-to-wear, leather goods, fashion accessories, footwear, jewelry, timepieces, fragrance, make-up, and skincare products while also maintaining its tradition as a creator of recognized haute-couture (under the Christian Dior Couture division). While the Christian Dior label remains largely for women’s offerings, the company also operates the Dior Homme division for men and the baby Dior label for children’s wear. Products are sold throughout its portfolio of retail stores worldwide, as well as through its online store. wiki/Christian_Dior_S.A.(1994) Munch’s ‘The Scream’ stolen from Norway museumNorway’s most valuable painting is brazenly snatched from the National Gallery after four thieves pull off a 50-second heist. Police will recover the painting three months later.The Scream is the popular name given to each of four versions of a composition, created as both paintings and pastels, by Norwegian Expressionist artist Edvard Munch between 1893 and 1910. The German title Munch gave these works is Der Schrei der Natur. The works show a figure with an agonized expression against a landscape with a tumultuous orange sky. Arthur Lubow has described The Scream as “an icon of modern art, a Mona Lisa for our time.”
Date completed: 1893 Artist: Edvard Munch Period: Expressionism Location: Munch Museum · National Museum of Art, Architecture and Design Genre: Abstract art Media: Tempera · Pastel · Oil paint
wiki/The_Scream(2002) Slobodan Milošević goes on trial for Bosnian genocide Former president of Yugoslavia, Slobodan Milošević, appears before a United Nations tribunal in The Hague, Netherlands, after being arrested for war crimes committed during the ethnic conflict known as the Yugoslav Wars. He will die in jail before a verdict is reached.Slobodan Milošević was a Yugoslav and Serbian politician who was the President of Serbia from 1989 to 1997 and President of the Federal Republic of Yugoslavia from 1997 to 2000. He also led the Socialist Party of Serbia from its foundation in 1990. He rose to power as Serbian President after he and his supporters claimed the need to reform the 1974 Constitution of Yugoslavia due to both the marginalization of Serbia and its political incapacity to deter Albanian separatist unrest in the province of Kosovo.
Lived: Aug 20, 1941 – Mar 11, 2006 (age 64) Height: 6′ 1″ (1.86 m) Spouse: Mirjana Marković (m. 1965 – 2006) Previous offices: President of Yugoslavia (1997 – 2000) · President of Serbia and Montenegro (1997 – 2000) · President of Serbia (1991 – 1997) · President of Serbia (1989 – 1997) Children: Marko Milošević (Son) · Marija Milošević (Daughter) Speeches: Gazimestan speech
(1845) Poe’s famous poem is publishedThe New York Evening Mirror prints a macabre and mysterious narrative poem by Boston-native Edgar Allan Poe, which will lead him to celebrity and acclaim but very little monetary profit.“The Raven” is a narrative poem by American writer Edgar Allan Poe. First published in January 1845, the poem is often noted for its musicality, stylized language, and supernatural atmosphere. It tells of a talking raven’s mysterious visit to a distraught lover, tracing the man’s slow fall into madness. The lover, often identified as being a student, is lamenting the loss of his love, Lenore. Sitting on a bust of Pallas, the raven seems to further instigate his distress with its constant repetition of the word “Nevermore”. The poem makes use of a number of folk, mythological, religious, and classical references.
Author: Edgar Allan Poe First published: Jan 1845 ATOS reading level: 7.10 Adaptations: The Raven (2012) · The Raven (1963) · The Raven (1935) · Tales of Mystery and Imagination: Edgar Allan Poe · The Raven · The Raven (2006) · Shadow of the Raven · The Raven (2007) Genres: History – General History · Art & Art Instruction · Literature – Classics · Teaching · Education · Poetry Original language: English
wiki/The_Raven(1936) Baseball Hall of Fame inducts first membersInaugural inductees to Baseball’s Hall of Fame include famous names of talent and temperament, including hitters Babe Ruth and Ty Cobb (shown here), and pitchers Christy Matthewson and Walter Johnson.The National Baseball Hall of Fame and Museum is an American history museum and hall of fame, located at 25 Main Street in Cooperstown, New York, and operated by private interests. It serves as the central point for the study of the history of baseball in the United States and beyond, displays baseball-related artifacts and exhibits, and honors those who have excelled in playing, managing, and serving the sport. The Hall’s motto is “Preserving History, Honoring Excellence, Connecting Generations.”
Website:baseballhall.org Address: 25 Main St, Cooperstown, NY 13326 Phone: (607) 547-7200 Established: 1936 Assets: $30.45 million USD Income: $13.04 million USD
wiki/National_Baseball_Hall_of_Fame_and_Museum(1964) Kubrick’s atomic bomb satire premieresDirector Stanley Kubrick’s biting black comedy of cold war paranoia opens in US and UK cinemas, introducing a bomb-fearing world to President Muffley, Captain Mandrake, and General Ripper’s “precious bodily fluids.”Fearful that the Russians are fluoridating America’s drinking water, General Jack D. Ripper unleashes a B-52 H-Bomb attack on the Soviets, and a frantic President and Joint Chiefs of Staff must somehow find a way to stop it.
Release date: Jan 29, 1964 (United States) Director: Stanley Kubrick Estimated budget: $1.80 million USD Screenwriters: Stanley Kubrick · Terry Southern · Peter George Awards: BAFTA Award for Best Film · Hugo Award for Best Dramatic Presentation · New York Film Critics Circle Award for Best Director · Bodil Award for Best Non-American Film · BAFTA United Nations Award Music by: Laurie Johnson
wiki/Dr._Strangelove(2002) George W. Bush speech warns of “axis of evil”Name-checking Iran, Iraq, and North Korea as “the world’s most dangerous regimes,” President George W. Bush introduces the phrase “axis of evil” into the lexicon of political discussion.The term “axis of evil” was used by U.S. President George W. Bush in his State of the Union address on January 29, 2002, and often repeated throughout his presidency, to describe governments that his administration accused of sponsoring terrorism and seeking weapons of mass destruction. Iran, Iraq, and North Korea were portrayed by George W. Bush during the State of the Union as building nuclear weapons. The notion of such an axis was used to pinpoint these common enemies of the United States and rally the American populace in support of the War on Terror. wiki/Axis_of_evil3.2.j17