(1993) First Martin Luther King, Jr. Day marked in all statesFor the first time, every state in the US observes the federal holiday, signed into law by President Reagan a decade earlier, celebrating the civil rights leader’s birthday.Martin Luther King Jr. was an American Baptist minister and activist who became the most visible spokesperson and leader in the civil rights movement from 1954 through 1968. He is best known for his role in the advancement of civil rights using the tactics of nonviolence and civil disobedience based on his Christian beliefs and inspired by the nonviolent activism of Mahatma Gandhi.
Lived: Jan 15, 1929 – Apr 04, 1968 (age 39) Height: 5′ 7″ (1.69 m) Spouse: Coretta Scott King (m. 1953 – 1968) Children: Yolanda King (Daughter) · Martin Luther King III (Son) · Dexter Scott King (Son) · Bernice King (Daughter) Education: Boston University (1951 – 1955) · Crozer Theological Seminary (1948 – 1951) · Morehouse College (1944 – 1948) · Booker T. Washington High School Movies: I Am Not Your Negro · OnePeople: The Celebration
(1993) President Clinton signs NAFTA into lawThe North America Free Trade Agreement between the US, Canada, and Mexico eliminates tariffs and other barriers to trade among these “most favored nations.” NAFTA will be blamed by some Americans for losing US jobs to Mexico, but will be wildly successful in reducing costs on goods.The North American Free Trade Agreement is an agreement signed by Canada, Mexico, and the United States, creating a trilateral trade bloc in North America. The agreement came into force on January 1, 1994. It superseded the Canada–United States Free Trade Agreement between the U.S. and Canada.
Founded: Jan 01, 1994 Founder: George H. W. Bush
Back row, left to right: Mexican President Carlos Salinas de Gortari, U.S. President George H. W. Bush, and Canadian Prime Minister Brian Mulroney, at the initialing of the draft North American Free Trade Agreement in October 1992. In front are Mexican Secretary of Commerce and Industrial Development Jaime Serra Puche, United States Trade Representative Carla Hills, and Canadian Minister of International Trade Michael Wilson. wiki/North_American_Free_Trade_Agreement4.7.d17
(1993) US President Bill Clinton signs Brady Bill into lawThe Brady Bill imposes a five-day waiting period for handgun purchases and federal background checks on buyers. The act is named for James Brady, who was shot and critically injured in a 1981 assassination attempt on President Ronald Reagan by an assailant who was later ruled insane.
The Brady Handgun Violence Prevention Act (Pub.L. 103–159, 107 Stat. 1536, enacted November 30, 1993), often referred to as the Brady Act or the Brady Bill, is an Act of the United States Congress that mandated federal background checks on firearm purchasers in the United States, and imposed a five-day waiting period on purchases, until the NICS system was implemented in 1998.
The original legislation was introduced into the House of Representatives by Representative Charles E. Schumer in March 1991, but was never brought to a vote. The bill was reintroduced by Rep. Schumer on February 22, 1993 and the final version was passed on November 11, 1993. It was signed into law by President Bill Clinton on November 30, 1993 and the law went into effect on February 28, 1994. The Act was named after James Brady, who was shot by John Hinckley Jr. during an attempted assassination of President Ronald Reagan on March 30, 1981.
(1993) A swollen Mississippi River finally retreatsFor the first time in 103 days, the Mississippi River at St. Louis, Missouri, falls below flood stage, marking the end to one of America’s most catastrophic disasters. Upwards of $20 billion in damage will be assessed after floodwaters recede from 30,000 square miles of the Midwest.The Great Mississippi and Missouri Rivers Flood of 1993 occurred in the American Midwest, along the Mississippi and Missouri rivers and their tributaries, from April to October 1993. The flood was among the most costly and devastating to ever occur in the United States, with $15 billion in damages. The hydrographic basin affected over around 745 miles in length and 435 miles in width, totaling about 320,000 square miles. Within this zone, the flooded area totaled around 30,000 square miles and was the worst such U.S. disaster since the Great Mississippi Flood of 1927, as measured by duration, area inundated, persons displaced, crop and property damage, and number of record river levels. In some categories, the 1993 flood even surpassed the 1927 flood, at the time the largest flood ever recorded on the Mississippi.
Start date: 1993 US Army Corp of Engineers photo of the Missouri River’s damage to US Highway 63, Jefferson City, Missouri, near the Missouri Capitol building during the “Great Flood of 1993”. National Guardsmen created sandbag levees in the parking lot, but the building was still several feet above the water line. Unfortunately, the same could not be said of much of Jefferson City’s northern area, and such scenes were repeated over a wide section of the central United States.
(1993) Arab-Israeli peace process gets a boost at the White HouseUS President Bill Clinton hosts Israeli Prime Minister Yitzhak Rabin and Palestinian Liberation Organization Chairman Yasser Arafat at the White House as their representatives sign the ‘Oslo Accords,’ another step in the complex Israeli-Palestinian peace process.The Oslo Accords are a set of agreements between the Government of Israel and the Palestine Liberation Organization: the Oslo I Accord, signed in Washington, D.C., in 1993; and the Oslo II Accord, signed in Taba, Egypt, in 1995. The Oslo Accords marked the start of the Oslo process, a peace process aimed at achieving a peace treaty based on United Nations Security Council Resolutions 242 and 338, and at fulfilling the “right of the Palestinian people to self-determination.” The Oslo process started after secret negotiations in Oslo, resulting in the recognition by the PLO of the State of Israel and the recognition by Israel of the PLO as the representative of the Palestinian people and as a partner in negotiations.