Release date: May 22, 1980
Publishers: Namco · Midway Games · Bandai Namco Entertainment
Designer: Toru Iwatani
Platforms: Arcade game · Apple II
ESRB rating: E for Everyone
First episode: Oct 01, 1962
Episode duration: 105 minutes
Creators: Steve Allen · Dwight Hemion · Sylvester Weaver · William O. Harbach
Theme song: Johnny’s Theme
Producers: Peter Lassally · Fred de Cordova
Awards: Primetime Emmy Award for Outstanding Variety Series · Primetime Emmy Award for Individual Performance in a Variety or Music Program · Primetime Emmy Award for Outstanding Sound Mixing – Variety Series Or Special · People’s Choice Award for Favorite Talk Show Host · Primetime Emmy Award for Outstanding Achievement In Tape Sound Mixing
Born: Dec 25, 1821 · Oxford, MA
Died: Apr 12, 1912 · Glen Echo, MD
Founded: American Red Cross · National First Aid Society · American Association (20th century)
Parents: Stephen Barton (Father) · Sarah Barton (Mother)Highlights
- 1821: Clara Barton was born on December 25, 1821 in North Oxford, Massachusetts.
- 1868: She closed the Missing Soldiers Office in 1868 and traveled to Europe.
- 1869: In 1869, Clara Barton closed the Missing Soldiers Office and headed to Europe.
- 1897: In 1897, responding to the humanitarian crisis in the Ottoman Empire in the aftermath of the Hamidian Massacres, Barton sailed to Constantinople and after long negotiations with Abdul Hamid II, opened the first American International Red Cross headquarters in the heart of Turkey.
- 1900: Barton’s last field operation as President of the American Red Cross was helping victims of the Galveston hurricane in 1900.
- 1912: On April 12, 1912 at the age of 90, she died in her home.
Lived: Feb 04, 1902 – Aug 26, 1974 (age 72)
Height: 6′ 3″ (1.91 m)
Spouse: Anne Morrow Lindbergh (m. 1929 – 1974)
Children: Anne Lindbergh (Daughter) · Jon Lindbergh (Son) · Reeve Lindbergh (Daughter) · Land Morrow Lindbergh (Son) · Scott Lindbergh (Son) · Dyrk Hesshaimer (Son) · David Hesshaimer (Son) · Astrid Hesshaimer Bouteuil (Daughter) · Vago Hesshaimer (Son) · Charles Lindbergh Jr. (Son) · Christoph Hesshaimer (Son)
Parents: Charles August Lindbergh (Father) · Evangeline Lodge Lindbergh (Mother)
Awards: Orteig Prize (1927) · Medal of Honor (1927) · Distinguished Flying Cross (1927) · Congressional Gold Medal (1928) · Hubbard Medal (1927) · Pulitzer Prize for Biography or Autobiography (1954) · Silver Buffalo Award · Air Force Cross (1927) · Daniel Guggenheim Medal (1953) · Wright Brothers Memorial Trophy (1949)Highlights
- 1937: At age 25 in 1927, he went from obscurity as a U.S. Air Mail pilot to instantaneous world fame by making his Orteig Prize–winning nonstop flight from Long Island, New York, to Paris.
- 1927: Anne Morrow Lindbergh (1906–2001) was the daughter of Dwight Morrow who, as partner at J.P. Morgan & Co., had acted as financial adviser to Lindbergh; he was also U.S. Ambassador to Mexico in 1927.
- 1927: In mid-February 1927 he left for San Diego, California, to oversee design and construction of the Spirit of St. Louis.
- 1929: Charles Lindbergh married Anne Morrow Lindbergh on May 27, 1929.
- 1957: In the motion picture The Spirit of St. Louis, directed by Billy Wilder and released in 1957, Lindbergh was played by James Stewart, an admirer of Lindbergh and himself an aviator who had flown bombing missions in World War II.
- 1974: Lindbergh spent his last years on the Hawaiian island of Maui, where he died of lymphoma on August 26, 1974, at age 72.
Album: The Great Twenty-Eight
Artist: Chuck Berry
Release year: 1955
Genre: Rock, Early Rock & Roll / Oldies
Real World (formerly known as The Real World from 1992 to 2013) is a reality television series on MTV originally produced by Mary-Ellis Bunim and Jonathan Murray. First broadcast in 1992, the show, which was inspired by the 1973 PBS documentary series An American Family, is the longest-running program in MTV history and one of the longest-running reality series in history, credited with launching the modern reality TV genre. Seven to eight young adults are picked to temporarily live in a new city together in one residence while being filmed non-stop.
The series was hailed in its early years for depicting issues of contemporary young-adulthood relevant to its core audience, such as sex, prejudice, religion, abortion, illness, sexuality, AIDS, death, politics, and substance abuse, but later garnered a reputation as a showcase for immaturity and irresponsible behavior indicative of the declining morals of contemporary youth.
Following Bunim’s death from breast cancer in 2004, Bunim/Murray Productions continues to produce the program. The current 32nd season, set in Seattle, Washington, premiered on October 12, 2016.
The series has generated two notable related series, both broadcast by MTV: Road Rules, a sister show, which lasted for 14 seasons (1995–2007), and the ongoing spin-off reality game show The Challenge, which has run for 29 seasons since 1998.
First episode: May 21, 1992
Episode duration: 30 minutes
Creators: Jonathan Murray · Mary-Ellis Bunim
Producers: Jonathan Murray · Matt Kunitz
Awards: GLAAD Media Award for Outstanding Reality Program · GLAAD Media Award for Outstanding Documentary Series
The Sykes–Picot Agreement /ˈsaɪks pi.ko/, officially known as the Asia Minor Agreement, was a secret 1916 agreement between the United Kingdom and France, to which the Russian Empire assented. The agreement defined their mutually agreed spheres of influence and control in Southwestern Asia. The agreement was based on the premise that the Triple Entente would succeed in defeating the Ottoman Empire during World War I. The negotiations leading to the agreement occurred between November 1915 and March 1916 and it was signed 16 May 1916. The deal was exposed to the public in Izvestia and Pravda on 23 November 1917 and in the British Guardian on November 26, 1917.
The agreement is still mentioned when considering the region and its present-day conflicts.
The agreement allocated to Britain control of areas roughly comprising the coastal strip between the Mediterranean Sea and the River Jordan, Jordan, southern Iraq, and an additional small area that included the ports of Haifa and Acre, to allow access to the Mediterranean. France got control of southeastern Turkey, northern Iraq, Syria and Lebanon. Russia was to get Istanbul, the Turkish Straits and Armenia. The controlling powers were left free to determine state boundaries within their areas. Further negotiation was expected to determine international administration pending consultations with Russia and other powers, including Hussein bin Ali, Sharif of Mecca.
Given Ottoman defeat in 1918 and the subsequent partitioning of the Ottoman Empire, the agreement effectively divided the Ottoman Arab provinces outside the Arabian peninsula into areas of British and French control and influence. An international administration was proposed for Palestine apart to the Acre-Haifa zone which was intended to be a British enclave in northern Palestine to enable access to the Mediterranean. The British gained control of the territory in 1920 and ruled it as Mandatory Palestine from 1923 until 1948. They also ruled Mandatory Iraq from 1920 until 1932, while the French Mandate for Syria and the Lebanon lasted from 1923 to 1946. The terms were negotiated by British diplomat Mark Sykes and a French counterpart, François Georges-Picot. The Tsarist government was a minor party to the Sykes–Picot agreement, and when, following the Russian Revolution, the Bolsheviks published the agreement on 23 November 1917, “the British were embarrassed, the Arabs dismayed and the Turks delighted.”
The agreement is seen by many as a turning point in Western and Arab relations. It negated the UK’s promises to Arabs made through Colonel T. E. Lawrence for a national Arab homeland in the area of Greater Syria, in exchange for supporting the British against the Ottoman Empire.
Lived: Aug 16, 1888 – May 19, 1935 (age 46)
Height: 5′ 5″ (1.66 m)
Related movies: Lawrence of Arabia
Buried: Church of St. Nicholas and St. Magnus · St Nicholas’ Church, Moreton
Education: Jesus College, Oxford (1907 – 1910) · University of Oxford · Magdalen College, Oxford · Oxford High School, Oxford (1896 – 1907) · City of Oxford High School for Boys Parents: Sarah Junner (Mother) · Sir Thomas Chapman, 7th Baronet (Father)Highlights
- 1907: In August 1907 Lawrence wrote home: “The Chaignons & the Lamballe people, complimented me on my wonderful French: I have been asked twice since I arrived what part of France I came from”.
- 1916: In 1916, he was sent to Arabia on an intelligence mission and quickly became involved with the Arab Revolt, serving, along with other British officers, as a liaison to the Arab forces.
- 1920: Faisal’s rule as king, however, came to an abrupt end in 1920, after the battle of Maysaloun, when the French Forces of General Gouraud entered Damascus under the command of General Mariano Goybet, destroying Lawrence’s dream of an independent Arabia.
- 1920: With the new photos, Thomas re-launched his show under the new title With Allenby in Palestine and Lawrence in Arabia in early 1920, which proved to be extremely popular.
- 1935: To pay the inheritance tax, he sold the U.S. copyright of Seven Pillars of Wisdom (subscribers’ text) outright to Doubleday Doran in 1935.
- 1935: He died six days later on 19 May 1935.
Author: Martin Luther King, Jr.
Written: Apr 16, 1963
First published: Jun 12, 1963
Born: Mar 11, 1956 (age 61) · Massapequa, NY
Height: 5′ 11″ (1.80 m)
Spouse: Mary Jo Buttafuoco
Children: Paul Buttafuoco (Son) · Jessica Buttafuoco (Daughter)
Born: Aug 21, 1974 (age 42) · Wantagh, NY
Height: 5′ 4″ (1.63 m)
Spouse: Lou Bellera (m. 2003 – 2015)
Children: Brett Bellera (Son) · Ava Rose Bellera (Daughter)
Education: John F Kennedy High School
Start date: Oct 12, 1428
End date: May 08, 1429
Born: Aug 30, 1912 · Wellington, New Zealand
Died: Aug 07, 2011 · London, England
Spouse: Henri Fiocca · John Forward
Movies: Nancy Wake Codename: The White Mouse
Awards: George Medal · Croix de guerre 1939–1945 · Presidential Medal of Freedom (1949)
Education: North Sydney Girls High SchoolHighlights
- 1940: After the fall of France in 1940, she became a courier for the French Resistance and later joined the escape network of Captain Ian Garrow.
- 1956: In 1956, Australian author Russell Braddon wrote Nancy Wake: The Story of a Very Brave Woman (ISBN 978 0 7524 5485 6).
- 1957: She resigned in 1957 after marrying a RAF officer, John Forward, in December of that year.
- 1985: In 1985, Wake published her autobiography, The White Mouse.
- 1987: An Australian television mini-series was released in 1987 entitled, Nancy Wake, based on the 1956 biography by Russell Braddon.
- 1997: After 40 years of marriage, her husband John Forward died at Port Macquarie on 19 August 1997.
First episode: Apr 29, 1961
Episode duration: 90 minutes
Creator: Edgar Scherick
Theme song: ABC’s Wide World of Sports Theme song
Producer: Roone Arledge
Awards: Peabody Award · Primetime Emmy Award for Outstanding Edited Sports Series · Primetime Emmy Award for Outstanding Sports Personality · Primetime Emmy Award for Outstanding Achievement In Sports Programming · Sports Emmy Award for Outstanding Edited Sports Special · Sports Emmy Award for Outstanding Edited Sports Series/Anthology
Start date: Apr 29, 1992
End date: May 04, 1992