Date: Mar 24, 1989
Date: Mar 24, 1989
Authors: Mary Shelley · Henry M. Milner · Mary Lowe-Evans
First published: Mar 11, 1818
ATOS reading level: 4.20
Characters: Frankenstein’s monster · Victor Frankenstein · Elizabeth Lavenza · Dr. Henry Clerval · Captain Robert Walton
Genres: Gothic fiction · Horror · Soft science fiction
Adaptations: Frankenstein (1931) · Mary Shelley’s Frankenstein (1994) · Bride of Frankenstein (1935) · Frankenstein: The True Story (1973) · Victor Frankenstein (2015) · Young Frankenstein (1974)
Born: Mar 02, 1931 (age 86) · Privolnoye, Krasnogvardeysky District, Stavropol Krai, Russia
Height: 5′ 9″ (1.75 m)
Spouse: Raisa Gorbacheva (m. 1953 – 1999)
Previous offices: Chairman of the Supreme Soviet of the Soviet Union (1989 – 1990) · General Secretary of the Communist Party of the Soviet Union (1985 – 1991)
Children: Irina Mihailovna Virganskaya (Daughter)
Founded: Union of Social Democrats · Club of Madrid · Social Democratic Party of Russia · The Gorbachev Foundation · Green Cross International · Global Green USA · Kombat ArmouringHighlights
- 1953: Mikhail Gorbachev married Raisa Gorbacheva on September 25, 1953; their marriage lasted 46 years till September 20, 1999.
- 1984: Andropov died in 1984, and indicated that he wanted Gorbachev to succeed him as general secretary.
- 1985: Within three years of the death of Soviet leader Leonid Brezhnev, following the brief “interregna” of Andropov and Chernenko, Gorbachev was elected general secretary by the Politburo in 1985.
- 1986: Gorbachev initiated his new policy of perestroika (literally “restructuring” in Russian) and its attendant radical reforms in 1986; they were sketched, but not fully spelled out, at the XXVIIth Party Congress in February–March 1986.
- 1988: In June 1988, at the CPSU’s Party Conference, Gorbachev launched radical reforms meant to reduce party control of the government apparatus.
- 1990: On 15 March 1990, Gorbachev was elected as the first executive President of the Soviet Union with 59% of the Deputies’ votes.
First episode: Mar 11, 1989
Episode duration: 30 minutes
Creators: John Langley · Malcolm Barbour
Theme song: Bad Boys
Producers: John Langley · Malcolm Barbour · Paul Stojanovich · Bertram van Munster
Genres: Reality television · Documentary · Action
Keel laid: Oct 17, 1888
Launched: Nov 18, 1889
Born: Sep 07, 1900 · Ferruzzano, Italy
Died: Mar 20, 1933 · Raiford, FL
Height: 5′ 1″ (1.55 m)Highlights
- 1900: Zangara was born on September 7, 1900 in Ferruzzano, Calabria, Italy.
- 1923: After serving in the Tyrolean Alps in World War I, he did a variety of menial jobs in his home village before emigrating with his uncle to the United States in 1923.
- 1929: He settled in Paterson, New Jersey and became a naturalized citizen of the United States in 1929.
- 1933: Zangara was an Italian American anarchist who shot Cermak and four others in Miami, Florida on February 15, 1933, during a speech by United States President–elect Franklin D. Roosevelt.
- 1933: On March 20, 1933, after spending only 10 days on death row, Zangara was executed in Old Sparky, the electric chair at Florida State Prison in Raiford.
Inventors: John Mauchly · J. Presper Eckert
Start date: Dec 24, 1979
End date: Feb 15, 1989
|(1860) South Carolina is first state to secede from the Union|
|In a unanimous vote, the South Carolina legislature enacts an ordinance of secession after Abraham Lincoln is elected president, declaring that in Lincoln they detect a perceived “hostility…to the institution of slavery.” Within months, other slave-holding states will also secede, forming the Confederacy and precipitating the Civil War.|
|(1957) Rock ‘n’ roll star Elvis Presley receives draft notice|
|The 22-year-old refuses special treatment, despite thousands of fans writing letters asking for this national treasure to be spared. Presley will serve two years and reach the rank of sergeant. An Army pal will introduce him to 14-year-old Priscilla Beaulieu, whom he will later marry.|
|(1987) Overcrowded ferry and oil tanker collide near Manila|
|A ferry carrying approximately 4,000 people home for the Christmas holiday collides with an oil tanker in the Tablas Strait at about 10 PM. After a huge explosion, both ships sink quickly. Only 24 people will survive. The accident ranks as history’s deadliest maritime disaster in peacetime.|
|(1989) United States invades Panama to topple military dictator|
|The US launches Operation Just Cause to remove Gen. Manuel Noriega from power after he had been indicted on drug trafficking charges. Noriega’s regime will fall in just days, and Noriega himself will be arrested and later sentenced to 40 years in federal prison.|
|(1903) Wright brothers fly plane for first time|
|After years of working in secrecy, Orville and Wilbur Wright successfully test a self-propelled, heavier-than-air aircraft, which stays aloft for 12 seconds and covers 120 feet, near Kitty Hawk, NC. They’ll send their father a telegram of their achievement, telling him to alert the press, but newspapers will pass and few people will learn of the feat until they invite reporters to later test flights.|
|(1967) Australia prime minister disappears out on a swim|
|Prime Minister Harold Holt vanishes near Portsea, Victoria, while swimming in the ocean with several friends. A search fails to find any trace of Holt and two days later he will be presumed drowned and declared dead. Speculation, never proved, will rise that Holt killed himself.|
|(1989) Middle America skewered as ‘The Simpsons’ premieres|
|The new Fox animated series, created by cartoonist Matt Groening, satirizes the American middle class via the Simpson family — Homer, Marge, Bart, Lisa, and little Maggie. The show will become the longest running scripted prime-time TV show of all time.|
|(1991) Yeltsin administration says Soviet Union will cease to exist|
|A spokesman for Russian Federation President Boris Yeltsin announces that the Soviet Union will dissolve on or before New Year’s Eve. Yeltsin himself puts it more bluntly: “There will be no more red flag.” The public greets this with a shrug, as most former Soviet republics had already declared independence from the USSR.|