(1985) US authorities arrest Israeli spy Jonathan PollardJonathan Pollard, a US government intelligence analyst, is arrested on charges of passing classified security information to Israel, a US ally. Pollard is taken into custody outside the Israeli Embassy after he tried to seek asylum, and will later be sentenced to life in prison.Jonathan Jay Pollard is a former intelligence analyst for the United States government. In 1987, as part of a plea agreement, Pollard pleaded guilty to spying for and providing top-secret classified information to Israel. He was sentenced to life in prison for violations of the Espionage Act.
Born: Aug 07, 1954 (age 63) · Galveston, TX Spouse: Anne Henderson Pollard (m. 1985) · Elaine Zeitz Parents: Morris Pollard (Father) · Molly Pollard (Mother) Education: Stanford University · Tufts University
1984: Within a few days, in June 1984 Pollard started passing classified information to Sella.
1985: Jonathan Pollard married Anne Henderson Pollard on August 09, 1985.
1986: In late May 1986, the government offered him a plea agreement, which he accepted.
1987: In 1987, as part of a plea agreement, Pollard pleaded guilty to spying for and providing top-secret classified information to Israel.
1989: In 1989 Pollard’s attorneys filed a motion for withdrawal of his guilty plea and trial by jury due to the government’s failure to abide by terms of the plea agreement.
2010: The New York Times reported on September 21, 2010, that the Israeli government (again under Netanyahu) informally proposed that Pollard be released as a reward to Israel for extending by three months a halt to new settlements in occupied territories.
Jonathan Pollard, U.S. Navy I.D. picture. Scanned from Territory of Lies, Wolf Blitzer.
(1977) Egypt’s Anwar Sadat is first Arab leader to visit IsraelThe Egyptian president meets with Prime Minister Menachem Begin. On the trip, he will also speak at the Knesset on how the two countries can achieve peace. Sadat will go on to win the 1978 Nobel Peace Prize, with Begin, for their efforts to stabilize the Middle East.The Egypt–Israel Peace Treaty was signed in Washington, D.C., United States on 26 March 1979, following the 1978 Camp David Accords. The Egypt–Israel treaty was signed by Egyptian president Anwar Sadat and Israeli prime minister Menachem Begin, and witnessed by United States president Jimmy Carter.
Menachem Begin, Jimmy Carter and Anwar Sadat at Camp David, 1978.
wiki/Egypt–Israel_Peace_Treaty(1985) Ronald Reagan and Mikhail Gorbachev meet for first timeAt a summit in Geneva, Switzerland, the US president and Soviet leader discuss the nuclear arms race and diplomatic relations. It had been several years since leaders from the two superpowers had met, but Reagan and Gorbachev will establish a personal rapport that will help thaw the Cold War.The Geneva Summit of 1985 was a Cold War-era meeting in Geneva, Switzerland. It was held on November 19 and 20, 1985, between U.S. President Ronald Reagan and Soviet General Secretary Mikhail Gorbachev. The two leaders met for the first time to hold talks on international diplomatic relations and the arms race.
The United States Strategic Defense Initiative was high on Gorbachev’s agenda at the Geneva Summit
(1743) A British monarch leads troops into battle for the last timeEngland’s 60-year-old King George II leads 25 squadrons of British and Hanoverian cavalry into the Battle of Dettingen against a French army confident it will defeat their foe in the larger War of the Austrian Succession. George will be the last British monarch to lead a battle.The Battle of Dettingen took place on 27 June 1743 at Dettingen on the River Main, Germany, during the War of the Austrian Succession. The British forces, in alliance with those of Hanover and Hesse, defeated a French army under the duc de Noailles. George II commanded his troops in the battle, and this marked the last time a British monarch personally led his troops on the field. The battle straddled the river about 18 miles east of Frankfurt, with guns on the Hessian bank but most of the combat on the flat Bavarian bank. The village of Dettingen is today the town of Karlstein am Main, in the extreme northwest of Bavaria.
Date: Jun 27, 1743
wiki/Battle_of_Dettingen(1971) Legendary New York concert venue shuts its doorsConcert promoter Bill Graham hosts the final show at the Fillmore East, with performances by Albert King, The J. Geils Band, The Beach Boys, and The Allman Brothers Band, among others. The venue had featured iconic acts since 1968 but proved to be too small for the growing concert industry .Fillmore East was rock promoter Bill Graham’s rock venue on Second Avenue near East 6th Street in the Lower East Side neighborhood, now called the East Village neighborhood of the borough of Manhattan of New York City. It was open from March 8, 1968 to June 27, 1971 and featured some of the biggest acts in rock music at the time. The Fillmore East was a companion to Graham’s Fillmore Auditorium, and its successor, the Fillmore West, in San Francisco, Graham’s home base.
Opened: Mar 08, 1968 Closed: Jun 27, 1971 Capacity: 2,654
wiki/Fillmore_East(1972) Computer gaming’s groundbreaking gang forms Atari Nolan Bushnell and Ted Dabney, designers of the first arcade video game, ‘Computer Space,’ incorporate their new firm, Atari. It will help transform the industry as Atari’s design engineer Al Alcorn gets things rolling, or at least gliding, with his first creation, ‘Pong.’Atari is a corporate and brand name owned by several entities since its inception in 1972, currently by Atari Interactive, a subsidiary of the French publisher Atari, SA. The original Atari, Inc. founded in 1972 by Nolan Bushnell and Ted Dabney was a pioneer in arcade games, home video game consoles, and home computers. The company’s products, such as Pong and the Atari 2600, helped define the electronic entertainment industry from the 1970s to the mid-1980s.
Founded: 1972 · Sunnyvale, CA Headquarters: New York, NY Founder: Nolan Bushnell Subsidiaries: Fox Interactive · Krome Studios Melbourne · Paradigm Entertainment · Cryptic Studios · GT Interactive Software Europe Ltd. · GT Interactive Software GmbH · R New UK Studio ltd · GT Interactive Software France SARL · GT Interactive Europe Holdings BV
wiki/Atari(1985) America’s legendary ‘Mother Road’ is no moreIt’s too late to get hip to timely Route 66 tips, as the once heavily travelled highway spanning the US heartland from Chicago to L.A. (California) is officially decertified. Formerly stretching more than 2,000 miles, the giant US interstate highway system now renders the route obsolete.U.S. Route 66, also known as the Will Rogers Highway, the Main Street of America or the Mother Road, was one of the original highways within the U.S. Highway System. US 66 was established on November 11, 1926, with road signs erected the following year. The highway, which became one of the most famous roads in the United States, originally ran from Chicago, Illinois, through Missouri, Kansas, Oklahoma, Texas, New Mexico, and Arizona before ending at Santa Monica, California, covering a total of 2,448 miles. It was recognized in popular culture by both the hit song Route 66″ and the Route 66 television show in the 1960s.
Length: 2,451 miles (3,945 km) Formed: Nov 11, 1926 Major cities: Oatman · Santa Monica · Groom · Flagstaff · Amarillo · Chicago · Albuquerque · Kingman · Springfield · Los Angeles · San Bernardino · Needles · Barstow · Oklahoma City · Amboy
(1777) A flag is chosen for 13 colonies now united as a nationThirteen white stars representing each state are united on a field of blue, and 13 alternating stripes of red and white symbolize the former colonies that broke away from British rule. The American Flag Day will commemorate the day the Second Continental Congress chose a flag for the states newly united.In the United States, Flag Day is celebrated on June 14. It commemorates the adoption of the flag of the United States, which happened on June 14, 1777, by resolution of the Second Continental Congress. The United States Army also celebrates the U.S. Army Birthdays on this date; Congress adopted “the American continental army” after reaching a consensus position in the Committee of the Whole on June 14, 1775.
wiki/Flag_Day_(United_States)(1807) Napoleon’s French troops rout RussiaThe armies of France and Russia clash at the Battle of Friedland, the French emerging victorious, catapulting their commander Napoleon Bonaparte to arguably the height of his European domination. Russia will now be compelled to align with France against one of their last enemies, Great Britain.The Battle of Friedland was a major confrontation of the Napoleonic Wars between the armies of the French Empire commanded by Napoleon I and the armies of the Russian Empire led by Count von Bennigsen. Napoleon and the French obtained a decisive victory that routed much of the Russian army, which retreated chaotically over the Alle River by the end of the fighting. The battlefield is located in modern-day Kaliningrad Oblast, near the town of Pravdinsk, Russia.
Date: Jun 14, 1807
wiki/Battle_of_Friedland(1976) ‘The Gong Show’ first airs on NBCThe amateur talent competition created and hosted by Chuck Barris debuts. The show will help launch the careers of singer Cheryl Lynn and actors Andrea McArdle and Paul Reubens (Pee Wee Herman), but will be best remembered for such novelty acts as The Unknown Comic and Gene Gene the Dancing Machine.Amateurs compete in a talent contest judged by a trio of celebrities. If the act is so bad that the judges can’t bear to watch any more of it, they have the power to stop the act by pounding a large gong hanging on the wall behind them. Host Barris keeps the acts flowing, the jokes flying and the raucous party atmosphere floating. The show’s grand prize was $516.32 (except in the syndicated version where it was $712.05).
First episode: Jun 14, 1976 Episode duration: 30 minutes Creator: Chris Bearde Producers: Chuck Barris · Gene Banks Genre: Comedy Origin: United States
wiki/The_Gong_Show(1985) Hezbollah hijackers commandeer TWA Flight 847A Boeing 727 carrying 147 passengers and crew from Athens to San Diego is hijacked shortly after takeoff by Lebanese Hezbollah terrorists demanding the release of 700 Shiite Muslims from Israeli custody. The hijacking of TWA Flight 847 will last for more than two weeks.Trans World Airlines Flight 847 was a flight from Cairo to San Diego with en route stops in Athens, Rome, Boston, and Los Angeles. On the morning of Friday, June 14, 1985 Flight 847 was hijacked by members of Hezbollah and Islamic Jihad shortly after take off from Athens. The hijackers were seeking the release of 700 Shi’ite Muslims from Israeli custody.
(1850) Nathaniel Hawthorne’s morality tale arrivesMassachusetts native Nathaniel Hawthorne, having quit his job at the local customs house, sees his second novel published. The tale of adultery and redemption in Puritan America becomes an immediate bestseller.The Scarlet Letter: A Romance is an 1850 work of fiction in a historical setting, written by American author Nathaniel Hawthorne. The book is considered to be his “masterwork”. Set in 17th-century Puritan Massachusetts Bay Colony, during the years 1642 to 1649, it tells the story of Hester Prynne, who conceives a daughter through an affair and struggles to create a new life of repentance and dignity. Throughout the book, Hawthorne explores themes of legalism, sin, and guilt.
Authors: Nathaniel Hawthorne · James F. DeMaiolo First published: 1850 ATOS reading level: 3.60 Characters: Hester Prynne · Roger Chillingworth · Arthur Dimmesdale · Pearl · Gov. Bellingham Genres: Romanticism · Historical fiction Adaptations: The Scarlet Letter (1995) · Easy A (2010) · The Scarlet Letter (1973) · The Scarlet Letter (1934) · The Scarlet Letter (1911) · The Scarlet Letter (1913)
wiki/The_Scarlet_Letter(1926) First successful liquid-fueled rocket testThe Space Age edges closer when scientist Robert Goddard sends a rocket propelled by gasoline and liquid oxygen 41 feet in the air for 2.5 seconds at his Aunt Effie’s farm in Auburn, Massachusetts.A liquid-propellant rocket or liquid rocket is a rocket engine that uses liquid propellants. Liquids are desirable because their reasonably high density allows the volume of the propellant tanks to be relatively low, and it is possible to use lightweight centrifugal turbopumps to pump the propellant from the tanks into the combustion chamber, which means that the propellants can be kept under low pressure. This permits the use of low-mass propellant tanks, resulting in a high mass ratio for the rocket.
Inventor: Robert H. Goddard
wiki/Liquid-propellant_rocket(1968) My Lai village massacre in VietnamUS Army soldiers use machine guns and grenade launchers to kill between 347 and 504 unarmed South Vietnamese civilians, perpetrating what many will deem the worst atrocity by American forces in the war.The Mỹ Lai Massacre was the Vietnam War mass killing of between 347 and 504 unarmed civilians in South Vietnam on March 16, 1968. It was committed by U.S. Army soldiers from Company C, 1st Battalion, 20th Infantry Regiment, 11th Brigade, 23rd Infantry Division. Victims included men, women, children, and infants. Some of the women were gang-raped and their bodies mutilated. Twenty-six soldiers were charged with criminal offenses, but only Lieutenant William Calley Jr., a platoon leader in C Company, was convicted. Found guilty of killing 22 villagers, he was originally given a life sentence, but served only three and a half years under house arrest.
Date: Mar 16, 1968 *** NOTICE: There are far more graphic images that were excluded for sake of sensitive audiences, you can view them at the source – if you are so inclined. ***
wiki/My_Lai_Massacre(1985) Journalist Terry Anderson taken hostage in BeirutThe chief Mideast correspondent for the Associated Press, Terry Anderson, is kidnapped off the streets of Beirut, Lebanon, and rushed away in the trunk of a car. He will remain a hostage of Hezbollah for nearly seven years.Terry A. Anderson is an American journalist. He reported for the Associated Press. In 1985, he was taken hostage by Shiite Hezbollah militants and held until 1991. In 2004, he ran unsuccessfully for the Ohio State Senate.
Born: Oct 27, 1947 (age 69) · Lorain, OH Spouse: Madeleine Bassil Founded: Vietnam Children’s Fund Children: Gabrielle Anderson · Sulome Anderson Education: Iowa State University
1965: He graduated from Batavia High School in 1965.
1983: He then joined the Associated Press, serving in Asia and Africa before being assigned to Lebanon as chief Mideast correspondent in 1983.
1996: His friend, Father Jenco, who died in 1996, also wrote his memoirs, Bound to Forgive, to which Anderson wrote the preface.
2009: In 2009, Anderson joined the faculty of the School of Journalism at the University of Kentucky in Lexington, Kentucky.
2013: In 2013, he acted as Honorary Chair of the Committee to Protect Journalists, a non-profit that supports press freedom around the globe.
2014: In 2014, he moved to Gainesville, Florida, to teach a course in International Journalism at the University of Florida.