Founded: 1985 · Omaha, NE
Ceased operation: Dec 02, 2001
Revenue: $40.11 billion USD (2000)
Headquarters: Houston, TX
Founders: Kenneth Lay · Jeffrey Skilling
Logo of Enron, the defunct U.S. company
Also on this day,
1804 | Napoleon crowns himself emperor of France
The 35-year-old military strategist becomes the first emperor of France in 1,000 years. The ceremony is held at Notre Dame Cathedral in the presence of the pope. Napoleon will rule until 1814 and, briefly, in 1815. He will die at 51, in exile on a remote island in the Atlantic.1954 | McCarthy censured as US Senate condemns McCarthy for Redbaiting
The Senate votes 65-22 to censure their colleague, Sen. Joseph McCarthy, for conduct unbecoming of a senator in his vitriolic campaign, known as McCarthyism, to root out suspected communists in the US. After the censure, his last traces of influence will evaporate, and he’ll die of alcoholism in 1957.1982 | Artificial heart operation as doctors implant first permanent artificial heart in a human
University of Utah doctors implant the device into patient Barney Clark, a Seattle dentist who suffers from congestive heart failure and is too ill for a transplant. Clark, who knew he was unlikely to survive the surgery, will live for 112 days with the artificial heart.
Lived: Nov 14, 1908 - May 02, 1957 (age 48)
Spouse: Jean Kerr (m. 1953 - 1957)
Movies: Point of Order
Parties: Republican Party · Democratic Party
Children: Tierney Elizabeth McCarthy (Daughter)
Previous office: United States Senator WI (1947 - 1957)Highlights
- 1950: The term "McCarthyism", coined in 1950 in reference to McCarthy's practices, was soon applied to similar anti-communist activities.
- 1953: In 1953, McCarthy married Jean Kerr, a researcher in his office.
- 1954: McCarthy subpoenaed Peress to appear before his subcommittee on January 30, 1954.
- 1954: On March 9, 1954, Vermont Republican Senator Ralph E. Flanders gave a humor-laced speech on the Senate floor, questioning McCarthy's tactics in fighting communism, likening McCarthyism to "housecleaning" with "much clatter and hullabaloo".
- 1954: To counter the negative publicity, McCarthy appeared on See It Now on April 6, 1954, and made a number of charges against the popular Murrow, including the accusation that he colluded with VOKS, the "Russian espionage and propaganda organization".
- 1957: McCarthy died in Bethesda Naval Hospital on May 2, 1957, at the age of just 48.
Joseph Raymond McCarthy.