(1893) Jury concludes Lizzie Borden did not take an ax to familyFollowing a sensational Massachusetts murder trial, Lizzie Borden, 32, is cleared of charges that she killed her father and stepmother with multiple blows from a hatchet. Borden will never shake off the notoriety, however, inspiring a gruesome folk rhyme still sung today.Lizzie Andrew Borden was an American woman who gained infamy after being tried and acquitted for the 1892 axe murders of her father and stepmother in Fall River, Massachusetts.
Born: Jul 19, 1860 · Fall River, MA Died: Jun 01, 1927 · Fall River, MA Height: 5′ 4″ (1.63 m) Buried: Oak Grove Cemetery Parents: Sarah Anthony Borden (Mother) · Andrew Jackson Borden (Father) Siblings: Emma Borden (Sister)
1893: The inquest testimony, the basis for the modern debate regarding her guilt or innocence, was later ruled inadmissible at her trial in June 1893.
1893: Lizzie’s trial took place in New Bedford starting on June 5, 1893.
1927: Lizzie Borden died on June 01, 1927 in Fall River, United States.
wiki/Lizzie_Borden(1900) Anti-foreigner rebellion traps thousands in Peking siege A long-brewing battle between Chinese nationalists and foreign powers looking to control China’s economy and change its religious landscape erupts into a violent siege when forces of the Boxer Rebellion surround the Legation Quarter of Peking for what will be 55 days of intense battle.The Siege of the International Legations occurred in the summer of 1900 in Peking, the capital of the Qing Empire, during the Boxer Rebellion. Menaced by the Boxers, an anti-Christian, anti-foreign peasant movement, 900 soldiers, marines, and civilians, largely from Europe, Japan, and the United States, and about 2,800 Chinese Christians took refuge in the Peking Legation Quarter. The Qing government took the side of the Boxers. The foreigners and Chinese Christians in the Legation Quarter survived a 55-day siege by the Qing Army and Boxers. The siege was broken by an international military force which marched from the coast of China, defeated the Qing army, and occupied Beijing. The siege was called by the New York Sun “the most exciting episode ever known to civilization.”
Start date: Jun 20, 1900 End date: Aug 14, 1900
wiki/Siege_of_the_International_Legations(1947) Glamour-loving gangster shot down in Beverly HillsA drive-by shooter unloads nine rounds through the front window of a Beverly Hills home, instantly killing notorious gangster Bugsy Siegel. A founder of the small but promising Las Vegas casino scene, the pal of movie stars and moguls, and head of the Mafia’s west coast syndicate, is dead at 41.Benjamin “Bugsy” Siegel was a Jewish American mobster. Siegel was known as one of the most “infamous and feared gangsters of his day”. Described as handsome and charismatic, he became one of the first front-page celebrity gangsters. He was also a driving force behind the development of the Las Vegas Strip. Siegel was not only influential within the Jewish mob but, like his friend and fellow gangster Meyer Lansky, he also held significant influence within the Italian-American Mafia and the largely Italian-Jewish National Crime Syndicate.
Lived: Feb 28, 1906 – Jun 20, 1947 (age 41) Height: 5′ 10″ (1.78 m) Spouse: Esta Krakower (m. 1929 – 1946) Children: Millicent Siegel (Daughter) · Barbara Siegel (Daughter) Related movies: Bugsy Buried: Hollywood Forever Cemetery
1929: On January 28, 1929, Siegel married Esta Krakower, his childhood sweetheart.
1935: In 1935, Siegel assisted in Luciano’s alliance with Dutch Schultz and killed rival loan sharks Louis “Pretty” Amberg and Joseph Amberg.
1939: On November 22, 1939, Siegel, Whitey Krakower, Frankie Carbo and Albert Tannenbaum killed Harry “Big Greenie” Greenberg outside his apartment.
1945: Siegel wanted to be a legitimate businessman, and in 1945, he saw an opportunity with William R. Wilkerson’s Flamingo Hotel.
1946: In May 1946, Siegel decided the agreement with Wilkerson had to be altered to give him control of the Flamingo.
1947: Three months later, on June 20, 1947, Siegel was shot dead at the Beverly Hills home of his girlfriend, Virginia Hill.
wiki/Bugsy_Siegel(1975) Spielberg’s new film takes a big bite out of the box office Twenty-nine-year-old Steven Spielberg’s second movie faced myriad production problems, including budget overruns and mechanical snafus in the title character, but ‘Jaws’ makes waves at ticket counters, chewing up previous box office records, and launching the summer blockbuster era.A giant great white shark arrives on the shores of a New England beach resort and wreaks havoc with bloody attacks on swimmers until a part-time sheriff teams up with a marine biologist and an old seafarer to hunt the monster down.
IMDB: www.imdb.com/title/tt0073195 Release date: Jun 20, 1975 (United States) Director: Steven Spielberg Gross revenue: $470.70 million USD Screenwriters: Peter Benchley · Carl Gottlieb Sequel: Jaws 2 Music by: John Williams Trailer:
(1865) Last slaves in America are declared freeGeneral Gordon Granger arrives on Galveston Island, Texas, with official news for the state’s slaves: More than two years after the Emancipation Proclamation had been implemented, America’s remaining slaves are freed. The day will be celebrated in Texas, and later in other states, as ‘Juneteenth.’Juneteenth, also known as Juneteenth Independence Day or Freedom Day, is a holiday that commemorates the June 19, 1865 announcement of the abolition of slavery in Texas, and more generally the emancipation of African-American slaves throughout the Confederate South. Celebrated on June 19, the word is a portmanteau of “June” and “nineteenth”. Juneteenth is recognized as a state holiday or special day of observance in most states. wiki/Juneteenth(1867) Austrian-born Emperor of Mexico faces firing squadBorn in Vienna’s Schönbrunn Palace as a descendant of the House of Habsburg, brother to Austrian emperor Franz Joseph I, and installed as the ruler of Mexico by France’s Napoleon III, Maximilian I ends his 3-year reign as Mexico’s emperor in front of Benito Juarez’s firing squad.
Maximilian (Spanish: Maximiliano; born Ferdinand Maximilian Joseph; 6 July 1832 – 19 June 1867) was the only monarch of the Second Mexican Empire. He was a younger brother of the Austrian emperor Francis Joseph I. After a distinguished career in the Austrian Navy, he accepted an offer by Napoleon III of France to rule Mexico. France (along with the United Kingdom and Spain, who both withdrew the following year after negotiating agreements with Mexico’s democratic government) had invaded Mexico in the winter of 1861, as part of the War of the French Intervention. Seeking to legitimize French rule in the Americas, Napoleon III invited Maximilian to establish a new Mexican monarchy for him. With the support of the French army, and a group of conservative Mexican monarchists hostile to the liberal administration of new Mexican President Benito Juárez, Maximilian traveled to Mexico. Once there, he declared himself Emperor of Mexico on 10 April 1864.
The Empire managed to gain recognition by major European powers including Britain, Austria, and Prussia. The United States however, continued to recognize Juarez as the legal president of Mexico. Maximilian never completely defeated the Mexican Republic; Republican forces led by President Benito Juárez continued to be active during Maximilian’s rule. With the end of the American Civil War in 1865, the United States (which had been too distracted by its own civil war to confront the Europeans’ 1861 invasion of what it considered to be its sphere of influence) began more explicit aid of President Juárez’s forces. Matters worsened for Maximilian after the French armies withdrew from Mexico in 1866. His self-declared empire collapsed, and he was captured and executed by the Mexican government in 1867. His wife, Charlotte of Belgium (Carlota), had left for Europe earlier to try to build support for her husband’s regime; after his execution, she suffered an emotional collapse and was declared insane.
wiki/Maximilian_I_of_Mexico(1910) Daughter of Civil War vet inaugurates Father’s DayAfter hearing a Mother’s Day sermon, Sonora Dodd inaugurates a Father’s Day celebration to honor her father, a Civil War vet and single dad of six children. Dodd’s campaigning will take decades, but the third Sunday in June will catch on throughout the US as a day to honor dads.Father’s Day is a celebration honoring fathers and celebrating fatherhood, paternal bonds, and the influence of fathers in society. The tradition was said to be started from a memorial service held for a large group of men who died in a mining accident in Monongah, West Virginia in 1907. It was first proposed by Sonora Dodd of Spokane, Washington in 1909. It is currently celebrated in the United States annually on the third Sunday in June. wiki/Father’s_Day_(United_States)(1975) Missing member of the House of Lords found guilty of murderFor the first time in more than two centuries, a member of Britain’s House of Lords is found guilty of murder. But Richard John Bingham, the 7th Earl of Lucan, is not present to receive sentencing for the bludgeoning death of his children’s nanny, having disappeared months previously.Richard John Bingham, 7th Earl of Lucan, commonly known as Lord Lucan, was a British peer suspected of murder who disappeared in 1974. He was born into an Anglo-Irish aristocratic family in Marylebone, the eldest son of George Bingham, 6th Earl of Lucan, by his marriage to Kaitlin Dawson. An evacuee during the Second World War, Lucan returned to attend Eton College, and then from 1953 to 1955 served with the Coldstream Guards in West Germany. He developed a taste for gambling and, skilled at backgammon and bridge, became an early member of the Clermont Club. Although his losses often exceeded his winnings, he left his job at a London-based merchant bank and became a professional gambler. He was known as Lord Bingham during his father’s earldom from April 1949 until January 1964.
Born: Dec 18, 1934 · Marylebone, England Died: 1981 Children: George Bingham, 8th Earl of Lucan (Son) · Lady Frances Bingham (Daughter) Parents: George Bingham, 6th Earl of Lucan (Father) Education: Eton College
1960: In 1960 he met Stephen Raphael, a rich stockbroker who was a skilled backgammon player.
1964: Two months after the wedding, on 21 January 1964, the 6th Earl of Lucan died of a stroke.
1972: The combined pressures of maintaining their finances, paying for Lucan’s gambling addiction and Veronica’s weakened mental condition took their toll on the marriage; two weeks after a strained family Christmas in 1972, Lucan moved into a small property in Eaton Row.
1972: Lucan told his friends that nobody would work for Veronica (she sacked the children’s long-term nanny, Lillian Jenkins, in December 1972).
1974: The last confirmed sighting of Lucan was at about 1:15 am on 8 November 1974 as he exited the driveway of the Maxwell-Scott property, in his friend’s Ford Corsair.
1974: A warrant for Lucan’s arrest, to answer charges of murdering Sandra Rivett, and attempting to murder his wife, was issued on Tuesday 12 November 1974.
(1647) Alse Young is the first American executed for witchcraftForty-five years before the hysteria of the Salem Witch Trials, the first American colonist accused of witchcraft, Alse Young, is executed in the town square of Hartford, Connecticut. More executions will follow, as witchcraft would remain a capital crime in Connecticut until 1750.Alse Young of Windsor, Connecticut — sometimes Achsah Young or Alice Young — was the first recorded instance of execution for witchcraft in the thirteen American colonies. Very little is recorded of Alse Young; her existence is only known through her reputation as a witch. She is believed to have been the wife of John Young, who bought a small parcel of land in Windsor in 1641, sold it in 1649, and then disappeared from the town records. She had a daughter, Alice Young Beamon, who would be accused of witchcraft in nearby Springfield, Massachusetts, some 30 years later. Like many similar cases of witchcraft, Alse Young was a woman without a son when the accusation was lodged, which implied that she would be eligible to receive through inheritance her husband’s estate.
Born: 1600 Died: May 26, 1647 · Hartford, CT Romance: John Young Parents: Achsah Young (Father) Children: Alice Beamon (Young) (Daughter)
wiki/Alse_Young(1897) Tale of a toothy Transylvanian arrives at booksellersIrish author Bram Stoker’s novel of Gothic horror, ‘Dracula,’ is published in London. Readers are hooked by the bloodthirsty tale, and the story makes an ideal yarn for invasion literature fans, but the count’s allure will really take flight decades later with the advent of cinema.Dracula is an 1897 Gothic horror novel by Irish author Bram Stoker. It marks the initial appearance of the famous literary figure Count Dracula, establishing many modern notions of vampire lore. The novel tells the story of Dracula’s attempt to move from Transylvania to England so that he may find new blood and spread the undead curse, and of the battle between Dracula and a small group of men and women led by Professor Abraham Van Helsing.
Authors: Bram Stoker · Tim Wynne-Jones First published: May 26, 1897 Number of pages: 239 Characters: Count Dracula · Abraham Van Helsing · Lucy Westenra · Jonathan Harker · Renfield · Quincey Morris · Dr. Joan Seward · Arthur Holmwood Adaptations: Bram Stoker’s Dracula (1992) · Dracula Untold (2014) · Dracula (1931) · Nosferatu (1922) · Horror of Dracula (1958) · Dracula 2000 (2000) · Dracula 3D (2012) · Dracula (1979) · Nosferatu the Vampyre (1979) · Dracula (2006) · Count Dracula (1970) · Dracula’s Daughter (1936) · Count Dracula (1977) · Dracula · Blacula (1972) Genres: Gothic fiction · Horror
wiki/Dracula(1975) Evel Knievel crashes at WembleyBefore a crowd of 70,000, daredevil Evel Knievel attempts to jump his motorcycle over 13 buses at London’s Wembley Stadium. As he lands, he’s thrown onto the concrete, sustaining multiple serious injuries. Hobbling back up onto the launch ramp, Knievel tells the crowd, ‘I will never, ever, ever jump again. I’m through.’ Six months later, he will indeed jump again.
Robert Craig “Evel” Knievel Jr. (October 17, 1938 – November 30, 2007) was an American stunt performer. Over the course of his career, he attempted more than 75 ramp-to-ramp motorcycle jumps; in 1974, he failed an attempted canyon jump across Snake River Canyon in the Skycycle X-2, a steam-powered rocket.
Knievel was inducted into the Motorcycle Hall of Fame in 1999. He died of pulmonary disease in Clearwater, Florida in 2007, aged 69.
After the Snake River jump, Knievel returned to motorcycle jumping with ABC’s Wide World of Sports televising several jumps. On May 26, 1975, in front of 90,000 people at Wembley Stadium in London, Knievel crashed while trying to land a jump over 13 redundant single-deck AEC Merlin buses (the term “London Buses” used in earlier publicity had led to the belief that the attempt was to be made over the higher and more traditional AEC Routemaster double-decker type).
After the crash, despite breaking his pelvis, Knievel addressed the audience and announced his retirement by stating, “Ladies and gentlemen of this wonderful country, I’ve got to tell you that you are the last people in the world who will ever see me jump. Because I will never, ever, ever jump again. I’m through.” Near shock and not yielding to Frank Gifford’s (of ABC’s Wide World of Sports) plea to use a stretcher, Knievel walked off the Wembley pitch stating, “I came in walking, I went out walking!”
wiki/Eval_Kneavel(1998) Australia holds its first National Sorry DayAustralia observes National Sorry Day, a remembrance of government wrongs committed towards indigenous peoples. Especially important is recognition of ‘The Stolen Generations’ policies that took Aboriginal children from their parents and adopted them out to white Australian families.National Sorry Day is an annual event that has been held in Australia on 26 May, since 1998, to remember and commemorate the mistreatment of the country’s Indigenous population. During the 20th century, Australian governments’ policies resulted in a “Stolen Generation” – described by John Torpey as “Aboriginal children separated, often forcibly, from their families in the interest of turning them into white Australians”. wiki/National_Sorry_Day4.2.m17
(1803) US makes Louisiana Purchase for $15 millionAt a cost of about four cents per acre, the American government purchases from the French 828,000 square miles of land, stretching across much of North America. France needs the money for another looming war with Britain, and President Thomas Jefferson is happy to oblige.The Louisiana Purchase was the acquisition of the Louisiana territory by the United States from France in 1803. The U.S. paid fifty million francs and a cancellation of debts worth eighteen million francs for a total of sixty-eight million francs. The Louisiana territory included land from fifteen present U.S. states and two Canadian provinces. The territory contained land that forms Arkansas, Missouri, Iowa, Oklahoma, Kansas, and Nebraska; the portion of Minnesota west of the Mississippi River; a large portion of North Dakota; a large portion of South Dakota; the northeastern section of New Mexico; the northern portion of Texas; the area of Montana, Wyoming, and Colorado east of the Continental Divide; Louisiana west of the Mississippi River; and small portions of land within the present Canadian provinces of Alberta and Saskatchewan. Its non-native population was around 60,000 inhabitants, of whom half were African slaves.
Start date: 1801 End date: Apr 30, 1803
wiki/Louisiana_Purchase(1943) ‘Operation Mincemeat’ fools the NazisThe British dress a corpse as one of their officers, load it with fake invasion plans, and release the body off Spain’s coast. The Germans will find the body, believe the plan, and expect the Brits to invade Greece, instead of the real target, Italy.Operation Mincemeat was a successful British disinformation strategy used during the Second World War. As a deception intended to cover the 1943 Allied invasion of Sicily, two members of British intelligence obtained the body of Glyndwr Michael, a tramp who died from eating rat poison, dressed him as an officer of the Royal Marines and placed personal items on him identifying him as Captain William Martin. Correspondence between two British generals which suggested that the Allies planned to invade Greece and Sardinia, with Sicily as merely the target of a feint, was also placed on the body. wiki/Operation_Mincemeat(1945) Hitler commits suicide as Soviet Red Army takes BerlinHiding in his fortified underground bunker with his wife of 40 hours by his side, Adolf Hitler shoots himself, and Eva Braun takes a cyanide pill. Their bodies are hauled to the ruined garden above the bunker, doused with gasoline, and burned.Adolf Hitler was a German politician who was the leader of the Nazi Party, Chancellor of Germany from 1933 to 1945, and Führer of Nazi Germany from 1934 to 1945. As dictator of the German Reich, he initiated World War II in Europe with the invasion of Poland in September 1939, and was central to the Holocaust.
Lived: Apr 20, 1889 – Apr 30, 1945 (age 56) Height: 5′ 9″ (1.75 m) Spouse: Eva Braun (m. 1945 – 1945) Children: Jean-Marie Loret (Son) Founded: Nazi Party · Schutzstaffel · Hitler Youth · Gestapo · Sturmabteilung · Wehrmacht · Waffen-SS · 1st SS Panzer Division Leibstandarte SS Adolf Hitler Parents: Alois Hitler (Father) · Klara Hitler (Mother)
1918: His wartime experience reinforced his German patriotism and he was shocked by Germany’s capitulation in November 1918.
1923: On 8 November 1923 Hitler and the SA stormed a public meeting of 3,000 people organised by Kahr in the Bürgerbräukeller, a beer hall in Munich.
1934: In August 1934, Hitler appointed Reichsbank President Hjalmar Schacht as Minister of Economics, and in the following year, as Plenipotentiary for War Economy in charge of preparing the economy for war.
1936: In August 1936, in response to a growing economic crisis caused by his rearmament efforts, Hitler ordered Göring to implement a Four Year Plan to prepare Germany for war within the next four years.
1938: In early 1938, in the wake of the Blomberg–Fritsch Affair, Hitler asserted control of the military-foreign policy apparatus, dismissing Neurath as foreign minister and appointing himself Oberster Befehlshaber der Wehrmacht (supreme commander of the armed forces).
1945: In the final days of the war, during the Battle of Berlin in 1945, Hitler married his long-time lover, Eva Braun.
wiki/Adolf_Hitler(1975) Saigon falls to communists as South Vietnam surrenders The Viet Cong and People’s Army control South Vietnam’s largest city after Saigon’s defensive forces surrender, effectively ending the Vietnam War. The capital will be renamed ‘Ho Chi Minh City,’ as the communist reunification of the country begins.The Fall of Saigon, or the Liberation of Saigon, depending on context, was the capture of Saigon, the capital of South Vietnam, by the People’s Army of Vietnam and the National Liberation Front of South Vietnam on April 30, 1975. The event marked the end of the Vietnam War and the start of a transition period to the formal reunification of Vietnam under the Socialist Republic.
(1850) Los Angeles becomes an American citySettled for millennia by Native Americans, then claimed by the colonial Spanish, and later by Mexico, a dusty ranch town is officially incorporated as the city of Los Angeles. It will go on to be the second-most populous city in the United States.
The written history of Los Angeles city and county began with a small Mexican town that changed little in the three decades after 1848, when California became part of the United States. Much greater changes came from the completion of the Santa Fe railroad line from Chicago to Los Angeles in 1885. Immigrants flooded in, especially white Protestants from the Midwest. Los Angeles had a strong economic base in farming, oil, tourism, real estate and movies. It grew rapidly with many suburban areas inside and outside the city limits. Hollywood made the city world famous, and World War II brought new industry, especially high-tech aircraft construction. Politically the city was moderately conservative, with a weak labor union sector.
Since the 1960s growth has slowed—and traffic delays have become famous. LA was a pioneer in freeway development as the public transit system deteriorated. New arrivals, especially from Mexico and Asia, have transformed the demographic base since the 1960s. Old industries have declined, including farming, oil, military and aircraft, but tourism, entertainment and high tech remain strong.
wiki/History_of_Los_Angeles(1873) Kennel Club purebred dog registry is foundedSeeing the need for formal rules and regulations in the breeding, registry, and showing of pedigreed dogs in the United Kingdom, Sewallis Shirley establishes The Kennel Club with 12 other canine connoisseurs, the first such organization in the world.The Kennel Club is the official kennel club of the United Kingdom. It is the oldest recognised kennel club in the world. Its role is to act as governing body for various canine activities including dog shows, dog agility and working trials. It also operates the national register of pedigree dogs in the United Kingdom and acts as a lobby group on issues involving dogs in the UK. Its headquarters are located on Clarges Street in Mayfair, London, with business offices in Aylesbury.
Website: www.thekennelclub.org.uk Founded: 1873 Subsidiary: The Kennel Club Charitable Trust
wiki/The_Kennel_Club(1968) Martin Luther King, Jr. assassinated Visiting Memphis, Tennessee, to support striking workers, civil rights leader Dr. Martin Luther King, Jr. is shot and killed as he stands on the balcony of the Lorraine Motel. Months later, James Earl Ray will be charged with the murder.Martin Luther King Jr. was an American clergyman and civil rights leader who was fatally shot at the Lorraine Motel in Memphis, Tennessee, on April 4, 1968. King was rushed to St. Joseph’s Hospital, where he was pronounced dead at 7:05 p.m. that evening. He was a prominent leader of the Civil Rights Movement and Nobel Peace Prize laureate who was known for his use of nonviolence and civil disobedience.
Date: Apr 04, 1968
wiki/Assassination_of_Martin_Luther_King_Jr.(1975) College dropouts start companyChildhood friends Bill Gates and Paul Allen launch the future tech giant in Albuquerque, New Mexico, with Gates as CEO. They initially spell the company’s name as Micro-Soft, a combination of the words ‘microcomputer’ and ‘software,’ but later drop the capital ‘S’ and hyphen. Other names they considered include ‘Outcorporated Inc.’ and ‘Allen & Gates.’Microsoft Corporation is an American multinational technology company headquartered in Redmond, Washington, that develops, manufactures, licenses, supports and sells computer software, consumer electronics and personal computers and services. Its best known software products are the Microsoft Windows line of operating systems, Microsoft Office office suite, and Internet Explorer and Edge web browsers. Its flagship hardware products are the Xbox video game consoles and the Microsoft Surface tablet lineup. As of 2016, it was the world’s largest software maker by revenue, and one of the world’s most valuable companies.