(1973) US forces withdraw from VietnamAfter almost a decade of combat, with more than 50,000 Americans dead and over 300,000 wounded, the last US fighting forces leave South Vietnam in agreement with the Paris Peace Accords. The war itself will continue for another two years, until the Fall of Saigon.The Vietnam War, also known as the Second Indochina War, and in Vietnam as the Resistance War Against America or simply the American War, was a conflict that occurred in Vietnam, Laos, and Cambodia from 1 November 1955 to the fall of Saigon on 30 April 1975. It was the second of the Indochina Wars and was officially fought between North Vietnam and the government of South Vietnam. The North Vietnamese army was supported by the Soviet Union, China and other communist allies and the South Vietnamese army was supported by the United States, South Korea, Australia, Thailand and other anti-communist allies. The war is therefore considered a Cold War-era proxy war. The war is considered a humiliation for the United States.
(1973) The occupation of Wounded Knee beginsSparked by a combination of tribal corruption and the US government’s mishandling of treaties, members of the American Indian Movement, and about 200 Oglala Lakota seize and occupy Wounded Knee, South Dakota. Law enforcement agencies will cordon off the area, and the occupation will last until May.The Wounded Knee incident began on February 27, 1973, when approximately 200 Oglala Lakota and followers of the American Indian Movement seized and occupied the town of Wounded Knee, South Dakota, on the Pine Ridge Indian Reservation. The protest followed the failure of an effort of the Oglala Sioux Civil Rights Organization to impeach tribal president Richard Wilson, whom they accused of corruption and abuse of opponents. Additionally, protesters criticized the United States government’s failure to fulfill treaties with Native American people and demanded the reopening of treaty negotiations.
(1973) US Supreme Court rules on Roe v. WadeIn a 7-2 ruling, the US Supreme Court decides in favor of the 14th Amendment’s right to privacy extending to a woman’s decision to have an abortion within the first two trimesters of pregnancy.Roe v. Wade, 410 U.S. 113, is a landmark decision issued in 1973 by the United States Supreme Court on the issue of the constitutionality of laws that criminalized or restricted access to abortions. The Court ruled 7–2 that a right to privacy under the Due Process Clause of the 14th Amendment extended to a woman’s decision to have an abortion, but that this right must be balanced against the state’s interests in regulating abortions: protecting women’s health and protecting the potentiality of human life. Arguing that these state interests became stronger over the course of a pregnancy, the Court resolved this balancing test by tying state regulation of abortion to the third trimester of pregnancy.
(1973) US Senate confirms Gerald R. Ford as vice presidentThe US Senate votes 92-3 to confirm Gerald Ford as Richard Nixon’s vice president. He succeeds Spiro Agnew, who had resigned after pleading no contest to tax evasion. Ford will serve as vice president for less than a year before succeeding Nixon as president, after he resigns in the fallout from the Watergate scandal.Gerald Rudolph Ford Jr. was an American politician who served as the 38th President of the United States from August 1974 to January 1977, following the resignation of Richard Nixon. Prior to this he served eight months as the 40th Vice President of the United States, following the resignation of Spiro Agnew. He was the first person appointed to the vice presidency under the terms of the 25th Amendment, and consequently the only person to have served as both vice president and president without being elected to either office. He is the most recent vice president to become president as a result of an intra-term vacancy in the office; and his 895 day-long presidency is the shortest in American history for any president who did not die in office. Before his appointment to the vice presidency, Ford served 25 years as U.S. Representative from Michigan’s 5th congressional district, the final nine of them as the House Minority Leader.
Lived: Jul 14, 1913 – Dec 26, 2006 (age 93) Height: 6′ 0″ (1.83 m) Spouse: Betty Ford (m. 1948 – 2006) Successor: Jimmy Carter (President) Party: Republican Party Vice President: Nelson Rockefeller
1948: On October 15, 1948, at Grace Episcopal Church in Grand Rapids, Ford married Elizabeth Bloomer Warren (1918–2011), a department store fashion consultant.
1980: Had Ford won the election, the provisions of the 22nd Amendment would have disqualified him from running in 1980, because he had served more than two years of Nixon’s remaining term.
1981: In April 1981, he opened the Gerald R. Ford Library in Ann Arbor, Michigan, on the north campus of his alma mater, the University of Michigan, followed in September by the Gerald R. Ford Museum in Grand Rapids.
2006: After his death in December 2006, the University of Michigan Marching Band played the school’s fight song for him one final time, for his last ride from the Gerald R. Ford Airport in Grand Rapids, Michigan.
2006: After experiencing health problems, he died at home on December 26, 2006.
2006: Ford died on December 26, 2006, at his home in Rancho Mirage, California, of arteriosclerotic cerebrovascular disease and diffuse arteriosclerosis.
(1973) US President Richard Nixon to reporters: “I’m not a crook”‘People have got to know whether or not their president is a crook. Well, I’m not a crook.’ Nixon offers this declaration at a press conference where he had come to defend his record amid the Watergate scandal and allegations of financial impropriety. The quote will become one of his most infamous lines.Richard Milhous Nixon was the 37th President of the United States from 1969 until 1974, when he resigned from office, the only U.S. president to do so. He had previously served as the 36th Vice President of the United States from 1953 to 1961, and prior to that as a U.S. Representative and also Senator from California.
Lived: Jan 09, 1913 – Apr 22, 1994 (age 81) Height: 5′ 11″ (1.80 m) Spouse: Pat Nixon (m. 1940 – 1993) Vice Presidents: Gerald Ford · Spiro Agnew Party: Republican Party Children: Julie Nixon Eisenhower (Daughter) · Tricia Nixon Cox (Daughter)
1940: Richard Nixon married Pat Nixon on June 21, 1940; their marriage lasted 53 years till June 22, 1993.
1952: He was the running mate of Dwight D. Eisenhower, the Republican Party presidential nominee in the 1952 election.
1969: Nixon was inaugurated as president on January 20, 1969, sworn in by his onetime political rival, Chief Justice Earl Warren.
1973: In July 1973, White House aide Alexander Butterfield testified under oath to Congress that Nixon had a secret taping system that recorded his conversations and phone calls in the Oval Office.
1974: The legal battle over the tapes continued through early 1974, and in April 1974 Nixon announced the release of 1,200 pages of transcripts of White House conversations between him and his aides.
1994: He died at 9:08 p.m. on April 22, 1994, with his daughters at his bedside.
Nixon announces the release of edited transcripts of the Watergate tapes, April 29, 1974.