(1570) Ortelius maps the known worldFlemish geographer and cartographer Abraham Ortelius’ bound book of 53 maps, ‘Theatrum Orbis Terrarum,’ an extensive work of cartography that will be quickly reprinted in multiple languages and prove immensely popular, is issued. It will be the world’s first modern atlas.Theatrum Orbis Terrarum is considered to be the first true modern atlas. Written by Abraham Ortelius, strongly encouraged by Gillis Hooftman and originally printed on May 20, 1570, in Antwerp, it consisted of a collection of uniform map sheets and sustaining text bound to form a book for which copper printing plates were specifically engraved. The Ortelius atlas is sometimes referred to as the summary of sixteenth-century cartography.
Author: Abraham Ortelius First published: 1570 Genre: Atlas
wiki/Theatrum_Orbis_Terrarum(1932) Aviator Amelia Earhart tries for the history books Taking to the skies from a Newfoundland starting point in her single-engine Lockheed Vega 5B, Amelia Earhart hopes to become the first woman to fly solo nonstop across the Atlantic Ocean. Fourteen hours and 56 minutes later she will achieve her goal, landing in Northern Ireland.Amelia Mary Earhart was an American aviation pioneer and author. Earhart was the first female aviator to fly solo across the Atlantic Ocean. She received the U.S. Distinguished Flying Cross for this accomplishment. She set many other records, wrote best-selling books about her flying experiences and was instrumental in the formation of The Ninety-Nines, an organization for female pilots. In 1935, Earhart became a visiting faculty member at Purdue University as an advisor to aeronautical engineering and a career counselor to women students. She was also a member of the National Woman’s Party and an early supporter of the Equal Rights Amendment.
Lived: Jul 24, 1897 – Jul 02, 1937 (age 39) Height: 5′ 7″ (1.70 m) Spouse: George P. Putnam (m. 1931) Founded: Ninety-Nines Education: Hyde Park Academy High School · Columbia University · Central Senior High School Siblings: Grace Muriel Earhart (Sister)
1929: Putnam, who was known as GP, was divorced in 1929 and sought out Earhart, proposing to her six times before she finally agreed to marry him.
1931: After substantial hesitation on her part, they married on February 7, 1931, in Putnam’s mother’s house in Noank, Connecticut.
1935: On January 11, 1935, Earhart became the first aviator to fly solo from Honolulu, Hawaii to Oakland, California.
1936: Early in 1936, Earhart started to plan a round-the-world flight.
1937: During an attempt to make a circumnavigational flight of the globe in 1937 in a Purdue-funded Lockheed Model 10 Electra, Earhart disappeared over the central Pacific Ocean near Howland Island.
1937: On July 2, 1937, midnight GMT, Earhart and Noonan took off from Lae Airfield in the heavily loaded Electra.
wiki/Amelia_Earhart(1969) Bloody Battle of ‘Hamburger Hill’ ends in South VietnamTen days of fierce fighting win US Airborne forces the scarred and decimated Hill 937 on Ap Bia Mountain. Hundreds were wounded or killed, almost 20,000 artillery rounds were fired, and 500 tons of ordinance dropped to secure what battle-weary GIs call ‘Hamburger Hill.’The Battle of Hamburger Hill was a battle of the Vietnam War that was fought by the United States and South Vietnam against North Vietnamese forces from May 10–20, 1969. Although the heavily fortified Hill 937 was of little strategic value, U.S. command ordered its capture by a frontal assault, only to abandon it soon thereafter. The action caused a controversy both in the American military and public.
Start date: May 10, 1969 End date: May 20, 1969
wiki/Battle_of_Hamburger_Hill(1993) ‘Cheers’ closes up after 11 seasonsThe fictional bar ‘where everybody knows your name’ has its last call on TV, with an estimated 90 million viewers tuning in to make it one of the most-watched finales. The show had nearly been canceled for low ratings during its first season before becoming a mainstay of NBC’s Thursday-night lineup.The regulars of the Boston bar Cheers share their experiences and lives with each other while drinking or working at the bar where everybody knows your name.
First episode: Sep 30, 1982 Episode duration: 30 minutes Creators: James Burrows · Glen Charles Theme song: Where Everybody Knows Your Name Producers: James Burrows · Phoef Sutton · Dan O’Shannon Awards: Primetime Emmy Award for Outstanding Comedy Series · Golden Globe Award for Best Television Series – Musical or Comedy · Primetime Emmy Award for Outstanding Lead Actress in a Comedy Series · Primetime Emmy Award for Outstanding Lead Actor in a Comedy Series · Primetime Emmy Award for Outstanding Writing for a Comedy Series
(1915) WWI’s Second Battle of Ypres shocks with chemical weapon useA battle to secure the Belgian town of Ypres introduces the world to the large-scale use of chemical weapons when the Germans release 168 long tons of chlorine gas on the Allied lines. Wind-borne poison gas kills 6,000 French troops in minutes.During World War I, the Second Battle of Ypres was fought from 22 April – 25 May 1915 for control of the strategic Flemish town of Ypres in western Belgium after the First Battle of Ypres the previous autumn. It was the first mass use by Germany of poison gas on the Western Front. For the first time, a former colonial force defeated a European power on European soil.
Start date: Apr 22, 1915 End date: May 25, 1915
wiki/Second_Battle_of_Ypres(1969) Londoner sails solo nonstop around the worldNine sailors take on the challenge of becoming the first to sail nonstop around the globe single-handedly, but only Robin Knox-Johnston completes the journey. The former sailor in the Royal Naval Reserve steers his 32-foot boat ‘Suhaili’ through the world’s oceans for 10 months.Sir William Robert Patrick “Robin” Knox-Johnston, CBE, RD and bar is an English sailor. In 1969 he became the first man to perform a single-handed non-stop circumnavigation of the globe and was the second winner of the Jules Verne Trophy, together with Sir Peter Blake.
Born: Mar 17, 1939 (age 78) · London, England Movies: Deep Water Education: Berkhamsted School
1965: In 1965 he sailed his William Atkins design ketch Suhaili from Bombay to England.
1967: His wife left him when he proposed taking her and the child back to England in his new boat Suhaili, and they were divorced in 1967.
1994: Knox-Johnston and Peter Blake (who both acted as co-skippers) won the Jules Verne Trophy for the fastest circumnavigation in 1994.
1996: In 1996 Knox-Johnston established the first Clipper Round the World Yacht Race and has since worked with the Clipper Ventures company as chairman to progress the race to higher levels every year.
2006: In 2006 he became at 67 the oldest yachtsman to complete a round the world solo voyage in the Velux 5 Oceans Race.
2007: He completed his second solo circumnavigation of the world in the yacht Saga Insurance on 4 May 2007, finishing in fourth place in the Velux 5 Oceans Race.
wiki/Robin_Knox-Johnston(1970) First Earth DayPeace activist John McConnell, US Senator Gaylord Nelson, and coordinator Denis Hayes create a day to honor and promote protection of the Earth and its ecosystems. Earth Day will gain in popularity, and grow to include observances in more than 192 countries.Earth Day is an annual event celebrated on April 22. Worldwide, various events are held to demonstrate support for environmental protection. First celebrated in 1970, Earth Day events in more than 193 countries are now coordinated globally by the Earth Day Network.
wiki/Earth_Day(2004) Pat Tillman shot in AfghanistanThe former Arizona Cardinal who enlisted in the US Army following the September 11 attacks is killed by friendly fire in Afghanistan. Military officials will initially inform Tillman’s family he died in a firefight with enemy forces.Patrick Daniel Tillman was a professional American football player in the National Football League who left his sports career and enlisted in the United States Army in June 2002 in the aftermath of the September 11 attacks. His service in Iraq and Afghanistan, and subsequent death, were the subject of much media attention.
Lived: Nov 06, 1976 – Apr 22, 2004 (age 27) Height: 5′ 11″ (1.80 m) Spouse: Marie Tillman (m. 2002 – 2004) Education: Arizona State University · Leland High School Siblings: Richard Tillman (Brother) · Kevin Tillman (Brother) Movies: The Tillman Story
1994: He started his college career as a linebacker for Arizona State University in 1994, when he secured the last remaining scholarship for the team.
1998: In the 1998 National Football League Draft, Tillman was selected as the 226th pick by the Arizona Cardinals.
2002: Pat Tillman married Marie Tillman on May 04, 2002.
2003: In addition to his military awards, Pat Tillman received the Arthur Ashe Courage Award from ESPN in 2003, as part of that year’s ESPY Awards ceremony.
2003: Another article quotes Tillman as having told then-general manager of the Seattle Seahawks Bob Ferguson in December 2003, “You know I’m not religious.”
2004: On April 22, 2004, he was initially reported to have been killed by enemy combatants.
(461) Patrick, Irish bishop, dies Legend has it that on this day the Christian missionary and bishop Patrick dies in Ireland. He will be revered for his works and life, and by the seventh century he will have become Ireland’s patron saint. Patrick’s thoughts on green beer and ‘Kiss me I’m Irish’ t-shirts will be lost to the ages.Saint Patrick was a fifth-century Romano-British Christian missionary and bishop in Ireland. Known as the “Apostle of Ireland”, he is the primary patron saint of Ireland, along with saints Brigit of Kildare and Columba. He is also venerated in the Anglican Communion, the Old Catholic Church and in the Eastern Orthodox Church as equal-to-the-apostles and Enlightener of Ireland.
Born: 387 AD · Banwen, United Kingdom Death place: Ireland Parents: Calpurnius (Father) · Conchessa (Mother) Siblings: Darerca of Ireland (Sister)
396 AD: A. B. E. Hood suggests that the Victoricus of St. Patrick’s vision may be identified with Saint Victricius, bishop of Rouen in the late fourth century, who had visited Britain in an official capacity in 396.
403 AD: At the age of 16 in 403 AD Saint Patrick was captured and enslaved by the Irish and was sent to Ireland to serve as a slave herding and tending sheep in Dalriada.
431 AD: The date 432 was probably chosen to minimise the contribution of Palladius, who was known to have been sent to Ireland in 431, and maximise that of Patrick.
457 AD: In 457 “the elder Patrick” (Irish: Patraic Sen) is said to have died: this may refer to the death of Palladius, who according to the Book of Armagh was also called Patrick.
535 AD: The death of Patrick’s disciple Mochta is dated in the annals to 535 or 537, and the early hagiographies “all bring Patrick into contact with persons whose obits occur at the end of the fifth century or the beginning of the sixth”.
2008: Confession of Saint Patrick written by Saint Patrick was first published on November 26, 2008.
wiki/Saint_Patrick(1337) Edward, the ‘Black Prince,’ is England’s first dukeBeloved for his military heroism, King Edward III’s son, Edward of Woodstock, receives the first duchy granted in England, becoming Duke of Cornwall. The “Black Prince” will die before his father and never ascend the throne.Edward of Woodstock KG, called the Black Prince, was the eldest son of King Edward III and Philippa of Hainault, and the father of King Richard II of England. He was the first Duke of Cornwall, the Prince of Wales and the Prince of Aquitaine.
Lived: Jun 15, 1330 – Jun 08, 1376 (age 45) Spouse: Joan of Kent (m. 1361) Children: Richard II of England (Son) · Edward of Angoulême (Son) Buried: Canterbury Cathedral Parents: Edward III of England (Father) · Philippa of Hainault (Mother) Siblings: Joan of England (Sister) · John of Gaunt, 1st Duke of Lancaster (Brother) · Edmund of Langley, 1st Duke of York (Brother) · Lionel of Antwerp, 1st Duke of Clarence (Brother) · Thomas of Woodstock, 1st Duke of Gloucester
1341: In 1348 he was made a Founding Knight of the Garter.
1360: The Poitiers Campaign in the Aquitaine-Loire region, which crippled the French army for the next 13 years, fomenting the anarchy and chaos which would cause the Treaty of Brétigny to be signed in 1360.
1361: Edward gained permission for the marriage from Pope Innocent VI and absolution for marriage to a blood-relative (as had Edward III when marrying Philippa of Hainault, his second cousin) and married Joan on 10 October 1361 at Windsor Castle.
1367: Peter of Castile, thrust from his throne by his illegitimate brother Henry of Trastámara, offered Edward the lordship of Biscay in 1367, in return for the Black Prince’s aid in recovering his throne.
1372: In 1372, he sailed on an expedition with King Edward III but failed to land on the French Coast due to contrary winds.
1376: Edward the Black Prince contracted an illness on this expedition that would ail him until his death in 1376.
wiki/Edward,_the_Black_Prince(1905) Franklin Roosevelt and Eleanor Roosevelt marryArguably the most accomplished power couple in American political history is united in marriage, as Eleanor Roosevelt’s uncle Teddy gives away his niece at her wedding to a distant cousin, Franklin D. Roosevelt.Anna Eleanor Roosevelt was an American politician, diplomat, and activist. She was the longest-serving First Lady of the United States, having held the post from March 1933 to April 1945 during her husband President Franklin D. Roosevelt’s four terms in office, and served as United States Delegate to the United Nations General Assembly from 1945 to 1952. President Harry S. Truman later called her the “First Lady of the World” in tribute to her human rights achievements.
Lived: Oct 11, 1884 – Nov 07, 1962 (age 78) Height: 5′ 11″ (1.80 m) Spouse: Franklin D. Roosevelt (m. 1905 – 1945) Children: Elliott Roosevelt (Son) · Anna Roosevelt Halsted (Daughter) · James Roosevelt (Son) · Franklin D. Roosevelt Jr. (Son) · John Aspinwall Roosevelt (Son) · Franklin D. Roosevelt, Jr. (Son) Education: The New School · Allenswood Academy (1899 – 1902) Parents: Anna Hall Roosevelt (Mother) · Elliott Bulloch Roosevelt (Father)
1905: Returning to the U.S., she married her fifth cousin once removed, Franklin Delano Roosevelt, in 1905.
1905: Eleanor married Franklin on March 17, 1905 (St. Patrick’s Day), in a wedding officiated by Endicott Peabody, the groom’s headmaster at Groton School.
1918: The Roosevelts’ marriage was complicated from the beginning by Franklin’s controlling mother, Sara, and after discovering an affair of her husband’s with Lucy Mercer in 1918, Roosevelt resolved to seek fulfillment in a public life of her own.
1940: The Roosevelts’ marriage was complicated from the beginning by Franklin’s controlling mother, Sara, and after discovering an affair of her husband’s with Lucy Mercer in 1918, Roosevelt resolved to seek fulfillment in a public life of her own.
1954: In 1954, Tammany Hall boss Carmine DeSapio led the effort to defeat Eleanor’s son, Franklin Delano Roosevelt, Jr., in the election for New York Attorney General.
1962: Eleanor and Miller’s relationship is said to have continued until her death in 1962.
wiki/Eleanor_Roosevelt(1969) Israel elects its first female prime ministerGolda Meir makes history as Israel’s first woman prime minister and only the fourth woman in the world to lead a national government. She will be nicknamed ‘The Iron Lady’ and hold office until she resigns five years later.Golda Meir was an Israeli teacher, kibbutznik, stateswoman and politician and the fourth elected Prime Minister of Israel.
Lived: May 03, 1898 – Dec 08, 1978 (age 80) Spouse: Morris Meyerson (m. 1917 – 1951) Movies: Golda Previous offices: Ministry of Interior (1970 – 1970) · Prime Minister of Israel (1969 – 1974) · Ministry of Foreign Affairs (1956 – 1966) · Labor Minister of Israel (1949 – 1956) Children: Sarah Meyerson (Daughter) · Menachem Meyerson (Son) Siblings: Tzipke Mabovitch (Sister) · Sheyna Mabovitch (Sister)
1913: In 1913 she had begun dating Morris Meyerson (Myerson).
1916: She attended the teachers college Milwaukee State Normal School (now University of Wisconsin–Milwaukee), in 1916, and probably part of 1917.
1917: When Golda and Morris married in 1917, settling in Palestine was her precondition for the marriage.
1956: In 1956, she became Foreign Minister under Prime Minister David Ben-Gurion.
1969: Meir was elected Prime Minister of Israel on March 17, 1969, after serving as Minister of Labour and Foreign Minister.
1978: On December 8, 1978, Meir died of lymphatic cancer in Jerusalem at the age of 80.
(1681) William Penn is granted a charter from King Charles IIBritain’s King Charles II grants English Quaker and real estate developer William Penn a large charter of North American land in payment for a debt. Penn will call the land “Sylvania.”William Penn was the son of Sir William Penn, and was an English real estate entrepreneur, philosopher, early Quaker, and founder of the Province of Pennsylvania, the English North American colony and the future Commonwealth of Pennsylvania. He was an early advocate of democracy and religious freedom, notable for his good relations and successful treaties with the Lenape Native Americans. Under his direction, the city of Philadelphia was planned and developed.
Lived: Oct 14, 1644 – Jul 30, 1718 (age 73) Spouse: Gulielma Maria Springett (m. 1672) · Hannah Callowhill Penn Education: University of Oxford · Christ Church, Oxford · Chigwell School Children: John Penn (Son) · Thomas Penn (Son) · Richard Penn, Sr. (Son) · William Penn, Jr. (Son) Parents: Admiral Sir William Penn (Father) · Margaret Jasper Founded: William Penn Charter School
1672: After gaining his freedom, he finally married Gulielma Springett in April 1672, after a four-year engagement filled with frequent separations.
1682: Penn immediately set sail and took his first step on American soil in New Castle in 1682 after his trans-Atlantic journey.
1684: In 1684 Penn returned to England to see his family and to try to resolve a territorial dispute with Lord Baltimore.
1699: Accompanied by his wife Hannah, daughter Letitia and secretary James Logan, Penn sailed from the Isle of Wight on the Canterbury, reaching Philadelphia in December 1699.
1712: In 1712 Berkeley Codd, Esq. of Sussex County, Delaware disputed some of the rights of Penn’s grant from the Duke of York.
1718: William Penn died penniless in 1718, at his home in Ruscombe, near Twyford in Berkshire, and is buried in a grave next to his first wife in the cemetery of the Jordans Quaker meeting house near Chalfont St Giles in Buckinghamshire in England.
wiki/William_Penn(1917) Rankin becomes first female elected to US Congress Jeannette Rankin takes her seat in the House of Representatives as the first woman elected to serve in Congress. The Montana Republican will vote against entry into World War I, and for women’s voting rights.Jeannette Pickering Rankin became the first woman to hold national office in the United States when she was elected to the U.S. House of Representatives in 1916 by the state of Montana as a member of the Republican Party. She won a second House term 24 years later, in 1940.
Born: Jun 11, 1880 · Missoula, MT Died: May 18, 1973 · Carmel-by-the-Sea, CA Previous offices: Representative MT 1st District (1941 – 1943) · Representative MT at-large District (1917 – 1919) Parents: John Rankin · Olive Rankin Education: University of Washington · University of Montana Party: Republican Party
1880: Rankin was born on June 11, 1880, near Missoula, Montana, nine years before the territory became a state, to schoolteacher Olive Pickering and Scottish-Canadian immigrant carpenter and rancher John Rankin.
1911: In February 1911, Rankin became the first woman to speak before the Montana legislature, making her case for women’s suffrage.
1918: By 1918, women had been granted some form of voting rights in about forty states, but Rankin became a driving force in the movement for unrestricted universal enfranchisement.
1940: Rankin won election to the House once again in 1940, at the age of 60, defeating incumbent Jacob Thorkelson, an outspoken antisemite, in the July primary, and former Representative Jerry J. O’Connell in the general election.
1972: Although her legacy rests almost entirely on her pacifism, Rankin told the Montana Constitutional Convention in 1972 that she would have preferred otherwise.
1973: Rankin died on May 18, 1973, age 92, in Carmel, California.
wiki/Jeannette_Rankin(1966) Beatles “more popular than Jesus”In an interview with the London Evening Standard, the Beatles’ John Lennon says that his band tops Jesus Christ in popularity. Meant as a comment on religion’s general decline, the quote sparks outrage.“More popular than Jesus” was a controversial remark made by the Beatles’ John Lennon in 1966. During an interview, he argued that Christianity was in decline and that it may not endure longer than rock music, explaining “We’re more popular than Jesus now; I don’t know which will go first – rock ‘n’ roll or Christianity. Jesus was all right but his disciples were thick and ordinary. It’s them twisting it that ruins it for me.” The comment drew no controversy when originally published in the United Kingdom, but angry reactions flared up in Christian communities when it was republished in the United States five months later. wiki/More_popular_than_Jesus(1969) The Kray twins convicted of murder London’s Old Bailey court renders a guilty verdict in the murder trial of Ronnie and Reggie Kray, twin brothers infamous for the brutal swathe they’ve cut through the criminal underworld in London’s East End.
Twin brothers Ronald “Ronnie” Kray and Reginald “Reggie” Kray were English gangsters who were the foremost perpetrators of organised crime in the East End of London during the 1950s and 1960s. With their gang, the Firm, the Krays were involved in armed robberies, arson, protection rackets, assaults and the murders of Jack “the Hat” McVitie and George Cornell.
As West End nightclub owners, they mixed with politicians and prominent entertainers such as Diana Dors, Frank Sinatra and Judy Garland. The Krays were much feared within their social environment; in the 1960s, they became celebrities, being photographed by David Bailey and interviewed on television.
They were arrested on 8 May 1968 and convicted in 1969, by the efforts of detectives led by Detective Superintendent Leonard “Nipper” Read. Both were sentenced to life imprisonment. Ronnie remained in Broadmoor Hospital until his death on 17 March 1995; Reggie was released from prison on compassionate grounds in August 2000, eight weeks before his death from cancer.
(1587) Mary, Queen of Scots is executedOnce the ruler of Scotland, Mary Stuart was forcibly removed from power, lost a battle to regain it, and after being convicted of a plot to assassinate England’s Queen Elizabeth I, is beheaded at age 44.Mary, Queen of Scots, also known as Mary Stuart or Mary I of Scotland, reigned over Scotland from 14 December 1542 to 24 July 1567. Mary, the only surviving legitimate child of James V of Scotland, was six days old when her father died and she acceded to the throne. She spent most of her childhood in France while Scotland was ruled by regents, and in 1558, she married the Dauphin of France, Francis. He ascended the French throne as King Francis II in 1559, and Mary briefly became queen consort of France, until his death in December 1560. Widowed, Mary returned to Scotland, arriving in Leith on 19 August 1561. Four years later, she married her first cousin, Henry Stuart, Lord Darnley, but their union was unhappy. In February 1567, his residence was destroyed by an explosion, and Darnley was found murdered in the garden.
Lived: Dec 08, 1542 – Feb 08, 1587 (age 44) Height: 5′ 11″ (1.80 m) Spouse: James Hepburn, 4th Earl of Bothwell (m. 1567 – 1578) · Henry Stuart, Lord Darnley (m. 1565 – 1567) · Francis II of France (m. 1558 – 1559) Children: James VI and I (Son) Parents: James V of Scotland (Father) · Mary of Guise (Mother) Buried: Peterborough Cathedral · Henry VII Chapel
1554: Arran, with the support of his friends and relations, became the regent until 1554 when Mary’s mother managed to remove and succeed him.
1566: Mary’s son by Darnley, James, was born on 19 June 1566 in Edinburgh Castle, but the murder of Rizzio led inevitably to the breakdown of her marriage.
1567: James Hepburn, 4th Earl of Bothwell, was generally believed to have orchestrated Darnley’s death, but he was acquitted of the charge in April 1567, and the following month he married Mary.
1567: Mary, Queen of Scots married James Hepburn, 4th Earl of Bothwell on May 15, 1567; their marriage lasted 11 years till April 14, 1578.
1567: On 24 July 1567, she was forced to abdicate in favour of James VI, her one-year-old son by Darnley.
1571: In 1571, Cecil and Walsingham uncovered the Ridolfi Plot, which was a plan to replace Elizabeth with Mary with the help of Spanish troops and the Duke of Norfolk.
wiki/Mary,_Queen_of_Scots(1904) The Russo-Japanese War beginsTwo powerful empires clash over plans for expansion into Korea and Manchuria, with Japan launching a surprise nighttime attack on the Russian fleet that eerily foreshadows the Japanese attack on Pearl Harbor.The Russo-Japanese War was fought between the Russian Empire and the Empire of Japan over rival imperial ambitions in Manchuria and Korea. The major theatres of operations were the Liaodong Peninsula and Mukden in Southern Manchuria and the seas around Korea, Japan and the Yellow Sea.
Start date: Feb 08, 1904 End date: Sep 05, 1905
wiki/Russo-Japanese_War(1950) East Germany’s secret police, the Stasi, is foundedThe Ministry for State Security, known as the Stasi, begins a 40-year reign of spying on the citizens of East Germany, turning neighbor against neighbor, and friends and family into informants.The Ministry for State Security, commonly known as the Stasi, also State Security Service, was the official state security service of the German Democratic Republic, colloquially known as East Germany. It has been described as one of the most effective and repressive intelligence and secret police agencies to have ever existed. The Stasi was headquartered in East Berlin, with an extensive complex in Berlin-Lichtenberg and several smaller facilities throughout the city. The Stasi motto was “Schild und Schwert der Partei”, referring to the ruling Socialist Unity Party of Germany. Erich Mielke was its longest-serving chief, in power for thirty-two of the GDR’s forty years of existence.
Founded: Feb 08, 1950 Ceased operation: Mar 31, 1990
wiki/Stasi(1969) Best-studied meteorite in history falls over MexicoAn extremely rare, car-sized carbonaceous chondrite meteorite, holding some of the universe’s oldest elements, streaks across the sky and breaks into thousands of pieces over Chihuahua, Mexico.The Allende meteorite is the largest carbonaceous chondrite ever found on Earth. The fireball was witnessed at 01:05 on February 8, 1969, falling over the Mexican state of Chihuahua. After breaking up in the atmosphere, an extensive search for pieces was conducted and it is often described as “the best-studied meteorite in history”. wiki/Allende_meteorite3.2.j17