(1788) Convict-laden fleet arrives in Botany Bay, AustraliaHaving sailed 250 days from England, the First Fleet arrives on the shores of Australia, 15,000 miles away from home. Around 1,300 people, including 736 deported criminals, begin European colonization of the continent.The First Fleet is the name given to the 11 ships that left England on 13 May 1787 to found the penal colony that became the first European settlement in Australia. The Fleet consisted of two Royal Navy vessels, three store ships and six convict transports, carrying between 1,000 and 1,500 convicts, marines, seamen, civil officers and free people, and a vast quantity of stores. From England, the Fleet sailed southwest to Rio de Janeiro, then east to Cape Town and via the Great Southern Ocean to Botany Bay, arriving over the period 18 to 20 January 1788, taking 250 to 252 days from departure to final arrival. wiki/First_Fleet(1912) Explorer Scott reaches already-conquered South Pole Britain’s Robert Scott and his team reach the South Pole only to discover that Norway’s Roald Amundsen had been there a month earlier, winning their undeclared race to discover the southernmost point on the globe. Exceptionally bad weather will imperil Scott’s return, and the entire party will perish.Captain Robert Falcon Scott CVO RN was a British Royal Navy officer and explorer who led two expeditions to the Antarctic regions: the Discovery Expedition, 1901–1904, and the ill-fated Terra Nova Expedition, 1910–1913. On the first expedition, he set a new southern record by marching to latitude 82°S and discovered the Polar Plateau, on which the South Pole is located. During the second venture, Scott led a party of five which reached the South Pole on 17 January 1912, four weeks after Roald Amundsen’s Norwegian expedition. On their return journey, Scott’s party discovered plant fossils, proving Antarctica was once forested and joined to other continents. A planned meeting with supporting dog teams from the base camp failed, despite Scott’s written instructions, and at a distance of 150 miles from their base camp and 11 miles from the next depot, Scott and his companions perished. wiki/Robert_Falcon_Scott(1967) The ‘Boston Strangler’ sentenced to life in prison Albert DeSalvo confesses to killing 13 women in a crime spree that terrorized Boston, but due to lack of physical evidence he’s convicted of assaults and robberies and given a life term.The Boston Strangler is a name given to the murderer of 13 women in the Boston area, in the U.S. state of Massachusetts, in the early 1960s. The crimes were attributed to Albert DeSalvo based on his confession, details revealed in court during a separate case, and DNA evidence linking him to the last murder victim. Since then, parties investigating the crimes have suggested that the murders were committed by more than one person.
Born: Sep 03, 1931 · Chelsea, MA Died: Nov 26, 1973 · Walpole, MA
1962: Anna E. Slesers, 55, sexually assaulted with unknown object and strangled with the belt on her bathrobe; found on June 14, 1962 in her third-floor apartment at 77 Gainsborough St., Back Bay, Boston
1962: Ida Irga, 75, sexually assaulted and strangled; found on August 19, 1962 in her apartment at 7 Grove Street, Beacon Hill, Boston
1962: Jane Sullivan, 67, sexually assaulted and strangled with her nylon stockings; found on August 21, 1962 in her home at 435 Columbia Road, Dorchester, Boston
1962: Sophie Clark, 20, sexually assaulted and strangled with her nylon stockings; found on December 5, 1962 in her apartment at 315 Huntington Ave., Back Bay, Boston
1962: Patricia Bissette, 23, strangled with her nylon stockings; found on December 31, 1962 in her home at 515 Park Drive, Back Bay, Boston
1963: In 1963, two investigative reporters for the Record American, Jean Cole and Loretta McLaughlin, wrote a four-part series about the killer, dubbing him “The Boston Strangler.”
wiki/Boston_Strangler(1993) First Martin Luther King, Jr. Day marked in all statesFor the first time, every state in the US observes the federal holiday, signed into law by President Reagan a decade earlier, celebrating the civil rights leader’s birthday.Martin Luther King Jr. was an American Baptist minister and activist who was a leader in the Civil Rights Movement. He is best known for his role in the advancement of civil rights using nonviolent civil disobedience based on his Christian beliefs.
Lived: Jan 15, 1929 – Apr 04, 1968 (age 39) Height: 5′ 7″ (1.69 m) Spouse: Coretta Scott King (m. 1953 – 1968) Children: Martin Luther King III (Son) · Yolanda King (Daughter) · Dexter Scott King (Son) · Bernice King (Daughter) Education: Morehouse College (1944 – 1948) · Crozer Theological Seminary (1948 – 1951) · Boston University (1951 – 1955) · Washington High School Senior Academy Parents: Martin Luther King Sr. (Father) · Alberta Williams King (Mother)
(1559) Queen Elizabeth I crowned in EnglandHaving succeeded her half-sister Mary to the throne the previous November, the 25-year-old Elizabeth is officially crowned queen. Once declared illegitimate, the daughter of the late King Henry VIII and his executed queen, Anne Boleyn, The Virgin Queen will reign 45 years.Elizabeth I was Queen of England and Ireland from 17 November 1558 until her death. Sometimes called The Virgin Queen, Gloriana or Good Queen Bess, the childless Elizabeth was the last monarch of the Tudor dynasty.
Lived: Sep 07, 1533 – Mar 24, 1603 (age 69) Related movies: Elizabeth · Elizabeth: The Golden Age Parents: Henry VIII of England (Father) · Anne Boleyn (Mother) Siblings: Mary I of England (Sister) · Edward VI of England (Brother) · Henry FitzRoy, 1st Duke of Richmond and Somerset (Brother) Children: Piers FitzThomas Butler Speeches: Speech to the Troops at Tilbury · The Golden Speech
1558: Elizabeth’s intention had been to exchange Le Havre for Calais, lost to France in January 1558.
1563: It was her first venture into France since the retreat from Le Havre in 1563.
1564: In 1564, Elizabeth raised Dudley to the peerage as Earl of Leicester.
1578: Public tributes to the Virgin by 1578 acted as a coded assertion of opposition to the queen’s marriage negotiations with the Duke of Alençon.
1584: In December 1584, an alliance between Philip II and the French Catholic League at Joinville undermined the ability of Anjou’s brother, Henry III of France, to counter Spanish domination of the Netherlands.
1594: The queen’s personal authority was lessening, as is shown in the 1594 affair of Dr. Lopez, her trusted physician.
1603: She died on 24 March 1603 at Richmond Palace, between two and three in the morning.
wiki/Elizabeth_I_of_England(1759) Public invited to view national treasuresThe doors open at Montagu House, a converted mansion, and the public explores thousands of curiosities, manuscripts, artworks, and antiquities. The collections of the British Museum belong to the nation, not the monarch nor a church, and they’ll grow to be among the largest and most comprehensive in the world.The British Museum is dedicated to human history, art and culture, and is located in the Bloomsbury area of London. Its permanent collection, numbering some 8 million works, is among the largest and most comprehensive in existence and originates from all continents, illustrating and documenting the story of human culture from its beginnings to the present.
Website:www.britishmuseum.org Address: Great Russell Street, London WC1B 3DG Phone: 020 7323 8299 Established: 1753 Founder: Hans Sloane Architects: Robert Smirke · Sydney Smirke · Robert Hooke · John Russell Pope · John James Burnet · Spencer de Grey · John Taylor Artwork owned: Rosetta Stone · Isabella Brant
wiki/British_Museum(1967) The first Super Bowl is played in L.A.Sixty million TV viewers tune in as the Green Bay Packers and Kansas City Chiefs clash at Los Angeles’ Memorial Coliseum. Green Bay’s quarterback Bart Starr will guide the Packers to a 35-10 victory.The first AFL-NFL World Championship Game in professional American football, known retroactively as Super Bowl I and referred to in some contemporaneous reports, including the game’s radio broadcast, as the Super Bowl, was played on January 15, 1967 at the Los Angeles Memorial Coliseum in Los Angeles, California. The National Football League champion Green Bay Packers defeated the American Football League champion Kansas City Chiefs by the score of 35–10.
Date: Jan 15, 1967 Champion: Green Bay Packers Runners-up: Kansas City Chiefs
wiki/Super_Bowl_I(2009) Captain “Sully” safely lands jetliner on Hudson RiverUS Airways Flight 1549 strikes a flock of geese shortly after takeoff, and both engines fail. Captain Sullenberger quickly decides to land the jet on the Hudson River, saving the lives of everyone on board.US Airways Flight 1549 was an Airbus A320-214 which, three minutes after takeoff from New York City’s LaGuardia Airport on January 15, 2009, struck a flock of Canada geese just northeast of the George Washington Bridge and consequently lost all engine power. Unable to reach any airport, pilots Chesley Sullenberger and Jeffrey Skiles glided the plane to a ditching in the Hudson River off midtown Manhattan. All 155 people aboard were rescued by nearby boats and there were few serious injuries.
(1952) ‘The Today Show’ premieres on NBCAmerica’s first morning talk show debuts, featuring an innovative mixture of interviews, light banter, and hard news. The format succeeds and the program will go on to become one of TV’s longest-running series.A daily live broadcast provides current domestic and international news, weather reports and interviews with news-makers from the worlds of politics, business, media, entertainment and sports.
Website: www.today.com Number of episodes: 16,185 Episode duration: 180 minutes Creator: Sylvester Weaver Awards: Daytime Emmy Award for Outstanding Morning Program · Primetime Emmy Award for Outstanding Achievement In Daytime Programming – Programs · News & Documentary Emmy Award for Outstanding Individual Achievement in a Craft: Camerawork Theme song: Scherzo for Today
wiki/Today_(U.S._TV_program)(1954) Marilyn Monroe and Joe DiMaggio wedAmerica’s biggest movie star and its most popular baseball player make headlines as they wed in San Francisco and emerge to a crush of press and public. They will divorce just nine months later.
Marilyn Monroe was an American actress and model. Famous for playing comic “dumb blonde” characters, she became one of the most popular sex symbols of the 1950s, emblematic of the era’s attitudes towards sexuality. Although she was a top-billed actress for only a decade, her films grossed $200 million by the time of her unexpected death in 1962. She continues to be considered a major popular culture icon.
IMDB:www.imdb.com/name/nm0000054 Lived: Jun 01, 1926 – Aug 05, 1962 (age 36) Height: 5′ 5″ (1.66 m) Spouse: Arthur Miller (m. 1956 – 1961) · Joe DiMaggio (m. 1954 – 1954) · James Dougherty (m. 1942 – 1946) Buried: Westwood Village Memorial Park Cemetery Awards: Playboy Playmate (1953) · Golden Globe Award for Best Actress – Motion Picture Comedy or Musical (1960) · Golden Globe Henrietta Award for World Film Favorites (1962, 1954) · David di Donatello Golden Plate Award
Joseph Paul “Joe” DiMaggio, nicknamed “Joltin’ Joe” and “The Yankee Clipper”, was an American Major League Baseball center fielder who played his entire 13-year career for the New York Yankees. He is perhaps best known for his 56-game hitting streak, a record that still stands.
Lived: Nov 25, 1914 – Mar 08, 1999 (age 84) Height: 6′ 2″ (1.88 m) Spouse: Marilyn Monroe (m. 1954 – 1954) · Dorothy Arnold (m. 1939 – 1944) Children: Joseph Paul DiMaggio III (Son) Buried: Holy Cross Cemetery
1937: DiMaggio holds the record for most seasons with more home runs than strikeouts (minimum 20 home runs), a feat he accomplished seven times, and five times consecutively from 1937–1941.
1939: Joe DiMaggio married Dorothy Arnold on November 19, 1939; their marriage lasted 5 years till May 12, 1944.
1941: DiMaggio’s most famous achievement is his MLB record-breaking 56-game hitting streak in 1941.
1947: In 1947, Boston Red Sox owner Tom Yawkey and Yankees GM Larry MacPhail verbally agreed to trade DiMaggio for Ted Williams, but MacPhail refused to include Yogi Berra.
1949: On February 7, 1949, DiMaggio signed a record contract worth $100,000 ($996,000 in current dollar terms) ($70,000 plus bonuses), and became the first baseball player to break $100,000 in earnings.
1949: In the September 1949 issue of SPORT, Hank Greenberg said that DiMaggio covered so much ground in center field that the only way to get a hit against the Yankees was “to hit ’em where Joe wasn’t.”
wiki/Joe_DiMaggio(1967) Prelude to ‘Summer of Love’ in San FranciscoWith tunes from the Grateful Dead and Jefferson Airplane, talks from Timothy Leary, and free LSD provided by Owsley Stanley, the Human Be-In turns on, tunes in, and drops out at Golden Gate Park.The Human Be-In was an event in San Francisco’s Golden Gate Park Polo Fields on January 14, 1967. It was a prelude to San Francisco’s Summer of Love, which made the Haight-Ashbury district a symbol of American counterculture and introduced the word “psychedelic” to suburbia.
Date: Jan 14, 1967
wiki/Human_Be-In(1970) Diana Ross & the Supremes give their final concertA dozen #1 hits behind them, the mega-selling ’60s pop group performs together for the last time at Las Vegas’ Frontier Hotel. Ross will go on to launch a solo career and also earn a Best Actress Oscar nod, while the rest of the band will go through several lineup changes before disbanding in 1977.The Supremes were an American female singing group and the premier act of Motown Records during the 1960s. Founded as the Primettes in Detroit, Michigan, in 1959, the Supremes were the most commercially successful of Motown’s acts and are, to date, America’s most successful vocal group with 12 number one singles on the Billboard Hot 100. Most of these hits were written and produced by Motown’s main songwriting and production team, Holland–Dozier–Holland. At their peak in the mid-1960s, the Supremes rivaled the Beatles in worldwide popularity, and it is said that their success made it possible for future African American R&B and soul musicians to find mainstream success.
Movies: G.I.T. on Broadway · Motown 25: Yesterday, Today, Forever · The T.A.M.I. Show Awards: Grammy Hall of Fame (2001, 1999) · Rhythm and Blues Foundation Pioneer Award (2003) Nominations: NME Award for World Group (1965) Siblings: Sundray Tucker