(1429) Joan of Arc breaks the siege of OrleansAfter routing the French at Agincourt, the English are poised to gain control of France if they can take Orleans after months of laying siege to the walled city. Joan of Arc, 17, arrives and turns the tide for what will be a decisive French victory.The Siege of Orléans was the watershed of the Hundred Years’ War between France and England. It was the French Royal army’s first major military victory while Joan of Arc was with the army and the first to follow the crushing defeat at Agincourt in 1415. The siege took place at the pinnacle of English power during the later stages of the war. The city held strategic and symbolic significance to both sides of the conflict. The consensus among contemporaries was that the English regent, John of Lancaster, would have succeeded in realizing Henry V’s dream of conquering all of France if Orléans fell. For half a year the English appeared to be winning but the siege collapsed nine days after Joan’s arrival.
Start date: Oct 12, 1428 End date: May 08, 1429
wiki/Siege_of_Orléans(1944) Resistance fighter Nancy Wake parachutes behind enemy linesBritish agent Nancy Wake returns to France via parachute drop to help fight the Nazi occupation. The 32-year-old has a history of running risky missions, and she’s become the Gestapo’s most wanted person, with a 5 million-franc price on her head.Nancy Grace Augusta Wake AC, GM served as a British Special Operations Executive agent during the later part of World War II. She became a leading figure in the maquis groups of the French Resistance and was one of the most decorated servicewomen of the war by the Allies. After the fall of France in 1940, she became a courier for the French Resistance and later joined the escape network of Captain Ian Garrow. By 1943, Wake was the Gestapo’s most wanted person, with a 5-million-franc price on her head.
Born: Aug 30, 1912 · Wellington, New Zealand Died: Aug 07, 2011 · London, England Spouse: Henri Fiocca · John Forward Movies: Nancy Wake Codename: The White Mouse Awards: George Medal · Croix de guerre 1939–1945 · Presidential Medal of Freedom (1949) Education: North Sydney Girls High School
1940: After the fall of France in 1940, she became a courier for the French Resistance and later joined the escape network of Captain Ian Garrow.
1956: In 1956, Australian author Russell Braddon wrote Nancy Wake: The Story of a Very Brave Woman (ISBN 978 0 7524 5485 6).
1957: She resigned in 1957 after marrying a RAF officer, John Forward, in December of that year.
1985: In 1985, Wake published her autobiography, The White Mouse.
1987: An Australian television mini-series was released in 1987 entitled, Nancy Wake, based on the 1956 biography by Russell Braddon.
1997: After 40 years of marriage, her husband John Forward died at Port Macquarie on 19 August 1997.
wiki/Nancy_Wake(1967) First episode of ‘Wide World of Sports’ airs on ABCThe show begins its 37-year run, exposing a new audience to sports previously not covered on TV. Jim McKay will host for the entire run, and his introduction, ‘the thrill of victory, the agony of defeat,’ will become part of the American lexicon.ABC’s Wide World of Sports is an American sports anthology television program that aired on the American Broadcasting Company from April 29, 1961 to January 3, 1998, primarily on Saturday afternoons. Hosted by Jim McKay, with a succession of co-hosts beginning in 1987, the title continued to be used for general sports programs on the network until 2006. In 2007, Wide World of Sports was named by Time Magazine on its list of the 100 best television programs of all-time.
First episode: Apr 29, 1961 Episode duration: 90 minutes Creator: Edgar Scherick Theme song: ABC’s Wide World of Sports Theme song Producer: Roone Arledge Awards: Peabody Award · Primetime Emmy Award for Outstanding Edited Sports Series · Primetime Emmy Award for Outstanding Sports Personality · Primetime Emmy Award for Outstanding Achievement In Sports Programming · Sports Emmy Award for Outstanding Edited Sports Special · Sports Emmy Award for Outstanding Edited Sports Series/Anthology
wiki/Wide_World_of_Sports_(U.S._TV_series)(1992) Riots erupt in L.A. following Rodney King verdictFour LAPD officers are found not guilty of charges stemming from the beating of motorist Rodney King, and long-simmering tensions between police and African Americans in South Central Los Angeles erupt into rioting that will last six days and kill 54.The 1992 Los Angeles riots, also known as the Rodney King riots, the South Central riots, the 1992 Los Angeles civil disturbance, the 1992 Los Angeles civil unrest, and the Los Angeles uprising, were a series of riots, lootings, arsons, and civil disturbances that occurred in Los Angeles County, California in April and May of 1992. The unrest began in South Central Los Angeles on April 29 after a trial jury acquitted four officers of the Los Angeles Police Department of the use of excessive force in the videotaped arrest and beating of Rodney King. It then spread throughout the Los Angeles metropolitan area as thousands of people rioted over a six-day period following the announcement of the verdict.
(1789) Mutiny breaks out on the HMS BountyHaving completed his mission of sailing from England to Tahiti to gather breadfruit saplings, Captain Bligh finds his command under siege less than a month into the return voyage. Acting Lieutenant Fletcher Christian leads the mutinous crewmembers, and they will set Bligh and 18 loyalists adrift in an open boat.The mutiny on the Royal Navy vessel HMS Bounty occurred in the south Pacific on 28 April 1789. Led by Acting Lieutenant Fletcher Christian, disaffected crewmen seized control of the ship from their captain, Lieutenant William Bligh, and set him and 18 loyalists adrift in the ship’s open launch. The mutineers variously settled on Tahiti or on Pitcairn Island. Bligh meanwhile completed a voyage of more than 3,500 nautical miles in the launch to reach safety, and began the process of bringing the mutineers to justice.
Date: Apr 28, 1789
wiki/Mutiny_on_the_Bounty(1967) Muhammad Ali refuses Army inductionMuhammad Ali refuses to be drafted into the Army during the Vietnam War, citing race issues in the US and his religious beliefs. The protest will lead to his arrest and suspension of his boxing license for several years, putting Ali in the spotlight as a controversial figure and civil rights icon instead of in the boxing ring.Muhammad Ali was an American professional boxer and activist. He is widely regarded as one of the most significant and celebrated sports figures of the 20th century. From early in his career, Ali was known as an inspiring, controversial, and polarizing figure both inside and outside the ring.
Lived: Jan 17, 1942 – Jun 03, 2016 (age 74) Height: 6′ 3″ (1.91 m) Spouse: Yolanda Williams (m. 1986 – 2016) · Verónica Porche Ali (m. 1977 – 1986) · Khalilah ‘Belinda’ Ali (m. 1967 – 1977) · Sonji Roi (m. 1964 – 1966) Children: Laila Ali (Daughter) · Muhammad Ali Jr. (Son) · Asaad Amin (Son) · Maryum Ali (Daughter) · Hana Ali (Daughter) · Khaliah Ali (Daughter) · Rasheda Ali (Daughter) · Jamillah Ali (Daughter) · Miya Ali (Daughter) Siblings: Rahman Ali (Brother) Related movies: Ali Website: www.ali.com
1975: Construction of the mall, the first of its kind in the Philippines, began shortly after Ali’s victory in a match with Joe Frazier in nearby Araneta Coliseum in 1975.
1986: On November 19, 1986, Ali married Yolanda (“Lonnie”) Williams.
1988: In 1988, Ali and Frazier joined Foreman, Larry Holmes, and Ken Norton in Las Vegas for the making of the film Champions Forever.
2002: In an interview published in 2002, Joe Frazier recalled that he had first met Ali around 1968.
2011: In 2011, on the eve of the 40th anniversary of his first fight with Ali, and the year of his death, Frazier reiterated that he had forgiven Ali.
2016: Though his condition was initially described as “fair”, it worsened and he died the following day at age 74 from septic shock.
wiki/Muhammad_Ali(1994) Ames receives life sentence after spying for SovietsCIA counterintelligence officer, and spy for the USSR and Russia, Aldrich Ames pleads guilty to espionage and is sentenced to life in prison. His years of treason compromised hundreds of intelligence operations and led to the execution of sources.Aldrich Hazen Ames is a former American Central Intelligence Agency operative and analyst turned KGB mole, who was convicted of espionage in 1994. He is serving a life sentence without the possibility of parole in the Federal Correctional Institution in Terre Haute, Indiana Ames was formerly a 31-year CIA counterintelligence operative and analyst who committed espionage against the United States by spying for the Soviet Union and Russia. At the time of his arrest, Ames had compromised more CIA “assets” than any other mole in history until Robert Hanssen’s arrest seven years later. As far as is currently known, Ames compromised the second-most number of assets, behind only Hanssen.
Born: May 26, 1941 (age 75) · River Falls, WI Spouse: Maria del Rosario Casas Dupuy · Nancy Segebarth Education: George Washington University · University of Chicago · McLean High School Parents: Carleton Cecil Ames (Father) · Rachel Aldrich Ames
1977: In 1977, Ames was assigned to handle him, and Fedorenko betrayed information about the Soviet missile program to Ames.
1983: Nevertheless, in September 1983, the CIA assigned Ames back to the SE division in Washington.
1985: Yurchenko returned to the Soviet Union in 1985 and was reassigned to a desk job within the FCD, a reward for helping to keep Ames’ spying a secret.
1986: In 1986 and 1991, Ames passed two polygraph examinations while spying for the Soviet Union and Russia, respectively.
1990: Nevertheless, in 1990–91, Ames was reassigned to the CIA’s Counterintelligence Center Analysis Group, providing him with access to “extremely sensitive data”, including information on US double agents.
1994: On February 22, 1994, Ames and his wife were formally charged by the United States Department of Justice with spying for the Soviet Union and Russia.
wiki/Aldrich_Ames(2001) US millionaire entrepreneur is first tourist in spaceA former aerospace engineer, investment banker Dennis Tito pays $20 million to hitch a ride on the Russian Soyuz TM-32 mission. The amateur astronaut will spend more than a week orbiting earth as a visitor on the International Space Station.Dennis Anthony Tito is an American engineer and multimillionaire, most widely known as the first space tourist to fund his own trip into space. In mid-2001, he spent nearly eight days in orbit as a crew member of ISS EP-1, a visiting mission to the International Space Station. This mission was launched by the spacecraft Soyuz TM-32, and was landed by Soyuz TM-31.
Born: Aug 08, 1940 (age 76) · Queens, NY Spouse: Elizabeth Pavlova James Space missions: Expedition 2 · Soyuz TM-32 · Soyuz TM-31 Education: New York University · Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute Children: Bradford James Tito (Son) · Michael Anthony Tito (Son) · Paula Joan Tito
1972: In 1972, he founded Wilshire Associates, a leading provider of investment management, consulting and technology services in Santa Monica, California.
2001: In mid-2001, he spent nearly eight days in orbit as a crew member of ISS EP-1, a visiting mission to the International Space Station.
2002: He is a member of Psi Upsilon and received an honorary doctorate of engineering from Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute on May 18, 2002 and is a former scientist of the NASA Jet Propulsion Laboratory.
(1788) Convict-laden fleet arrives in Botany Bay, AustraliaHaving sailed 250 days from England, the First Fleet arrives on the shores of Australia, 15,000 miles away from home. Around 1,300 people, including 736 deported criminals, begin European colonization of the continent.The First Fleet is the name given to the 11 ships that left England on 13 May 1787 to found the penal colony that became the first European settlement in Australia. The Fleet consisted of two Royal Navy vessels, three store ships and six convict transports, carrying between 1,000 and 1,500 convicts, marines, seamen, civil officers and free people, and a vast quantity of stores. From England, the Fleet sailed southwest to Rio de Janeiro, then east to Cape Town and via the Great Southern Ocean to Botany Bay, arriving over the period 18 to 20 January 1788, taking 250 to 252 days from departure to final arrival. wiki/First_Fleet(1912) Explorer Scott reaches already-conquered South Pole Britain’s Robert Scott and his team reach the South Pole only to discover that Norway’s Roald Amundsen had been there a month earlier, winning their undeclared race to discover the southernmost point on the globe. Exceptionally bad weather will imperil Scott’s return, and the entire party will perish.Captain Robert Falcon Scott CVO RN was a British Royal Navy officer and explorer who led two expeditions to the Antarctic regions: the Discovery Expedition, 1901–1904, and the ill-fated Terra Nova Expedition, 1910–1913. On the first expedition, he set a new southern record by marching to latitude 82°S and discovered the Polar Plateau, on which the South Pole is located. During the second venture, Scott led a party of five which reached the South Pole on 17 January 1912, four weeks after Roald Amundsen’s Norwegian expedition. On their return journey, Scott’s party discovered plant fossils, proving Antarctica was once forested and joined to other continents. A planned meeting with supporting dog teams from the base camp failed, despite Scott’s written instructions, and at a distance of 150 miles from their base camp and 11 miles from the next depot, Scott and his companions perished. wiki/Robert_Falcon_Scott(1967) The ‘Boston Strangler’ sentenced to life in prison Albert DeSalvo confesses to killing 13 women in a crime spree that terrorized Boston, but due to lack of physical evidence he’s convicted of assaults and robberies and given a life term.The Boston Strangler is a name given to the murderer of 13 women in the Boston area, in the U.S. state of Massachusetts, in the early 1960s. The crimes were attributed to Albert DeSalvo based on his confession, details revealed in court during a separate case, and DNA evidence linking him to the last murder victim. Since then, parties investigating the crimes have suggested that the murders were committed by more than one person.
Born: Sep 03, 1931 · Chelsea, MA Died: Nov 26, 1973 · Walpole, MA
1962: Anna E. Slesers, 55, sexually assaulted with unknown object and strangled with the belt on her bathrobe; found on June 14, 1962 in her third-floor apartment at 77 Gainsborough St., Back Bay, Boston
1962: Ida Irga, 75, sexually assaulted and strangled; found on August 19, 1962 in her apartment at 7 Grove Street, Beacon Hill, Boston
1962: Jane Sullivan, 67, sexually assaulted and strangled with her nylon stockings; found on August 21, 1962 in her home at 435 Columbia Road, Dorchester, Boston
1962: Sophie Clark, 20, sexually assaulted and strangled with her nylon stockings; found on December 5, 1962 in her apartment at 315 Huntington Ave., Back Bay, Boston
1962: Patricia Bissette, 23, strangled with her nylon stockings; found on December 31, 1962 in her home at 515 Park Drive, Back Bay, Boston
1963: In 1963, two investigative reporters for the Record American, Jean Cole and Loretta McLaughlin, wrote a four-part series about the killer, dubbing him “The Boston Strangler.”
wiki/Boston_Strangler(1993) First Martin Luther King, Jr. Day marked in all statesFor the first time, every state in the US observes the federal holiday, signed into law by President Reagan a decade earlier, celebrating the civil rights leader’s birthday.Martin Luther King Jr. was an American Baptist minister and activist who was a leader in the Civil Rights Movement. He is best known for his role in the advancement of civil rights using nonviolent civil disobedience based on his Christian beliefs.
Lived: Jan 15, 1929 – Apr 04, 1968 (age 39) Height: 5′ 7″ (1.69 m) Spouse: Coretta Scott King (m. 1953 – 1968) Children: Martin Luther King III (Son) · Yolanda King (Daughter) · Dexter Scott King (Son) · Bernice King (Daughter) Education: Morehouse College (1944 – 1948) · Crozer Theological Seminary (1948 – 1951) · Boston University (1951 – 1955) · Washington High School Senior Academy Parents: Martin Luther King Sr. (Father) · Alberta Williams King (Mother)
(1559) Queen Elizabeth I crowned in EnglandHaving succeeded her half-sister Mary to the throne the previous November, the 25-year-old Elizabeth is officially crowned queen. Once declared illegitimate, the daughter of the late King Henry VIII and his executed queen, Anne Boleyn, The Virgin Queen will reign 45 years.Elizabeth I was Queen of England and Ireland from 17 November 1558 until her death. Sometimes called The Virgin Queen, Gloriana or Good Queen Bess, the childless Elizabeth was the last monarch of the Tudor dynasty.
Lived: Sep 07, 1533 – Mar 24, 1603 (age 69) Related movies: Elizabeth · Elizabeth: The Golden Age Parents: Henry VIII of England (Father) · Anne Boleyn (Mother) Siblings: Mary I of England (Sister) · Edward VI of England (Brother) · Henry FitzRoy, 1st Duke of Richmond and Somerset (Brother) Children: Piers FitzThomas Butler Speeches: Speech to the Troops at Tilbury · The Golden Speech
1558: Elizabeth’s intention had been to exchange Le Havre for Calais, lost to France in January 1558.
1563: It was her first venture into France since the retreat from Le Havre in 1563.
1564: In 1564, Elizabeth raised Dudley to the peerage as Earl of Leicester.
1578: Public tributes to the Virgin by 1578 acted as a coded assertion of opposition to the queen’s marriage negotiations with the Duke of Alençon.
1584: In December 1584, an alliance between Philip II and the French Catholic League at Joinville undermined the ability of Anjou’s brother, Henry III of France, to counter Spanish domination of the Netherlands.
1594: The queen’s personal authority was lessening, as is shown in the 1594 affair of Dr. Lopez, her trusted physician.
1603: She died on 24 March 1603 at Richmond Palace, between two and three in the morning.
wiki/Elizabeth_I_of_England(1759) Public invited to view national treasuresThe doors open at Montagu House, a converted mansion, and the public explores thousands of curiosities, manuscripts, artworks, and antiquities. The collections of the British Museum belong to the nation, not the monarch nor a church, and they’ll grow to be among the largest and most comprehensive in the world.The British Museum is dedicated to human history, art and culture, and is located in the Bloomsbury area of London. Its permanent collection, numbering some 8 million works, is among the largest and most comprehensive in existence and originates from all continents, illustrating and documenting the story of human culture from its beginnings to the present.
Website:www.britishmuseum.org Address: Great Russell Street, London WC1B 3DG Phone: 020 7323 8299 Established: 1753 Founder: Hans Sloane Architects: Robert Smirke · Sydney Smirke · Robert Hooke · John Russell Pope · John James Burnet · Spencer de Grey · John Taylor Artwork owned: Rosetta Stone · Isabella Brant
wiki/British_Museum(1967) The first Super Bowl is played in L.A.Sixty million TV viewers tune in as the Green Bay Packers and Kansas City Chiefs clash at Los Angeles’ Memorial Coliseum. Green Bay’s quarterback Bart Starr will guide the Packers to a 35-10 victory.The first AFL-NFL World Championship Game in professional American football, known retroactively as Super Bowl I and referred to in some contemporaneous reports, including the game’s radio broadcast, as the Super Bowl, was played on January 15, 1967 at the Los Angeles Memorial Coliseum in Los Angeles, California. The National Football League champion Green Bay Packers defeated the American Football League champion Kansas City Chiefs by the score of 35–10.
Date: Jan 15, 1967 Champion: Green Bay Packers Runners-up: Kansas City Chiefs
wiki/Super_Bowl_I(2009) Captain “Sully” safely lands jetliner on Hudson RiverUS Airways Flight 1549 strikes a flock of geese shortly after takeoff, and both engines fail. Captain Sullenberger quickly decides to land the jet on the Hudson River, saving the lives of everyone on board.US Airways Flight 1549 was an Airbus A320-214 which, three minutes after takeoff from New York City’s LaGuardia Airport on January 15, 2009, struck a flock of Canada geese just northeast of the George Washington Bridge and consequently lost all engine power. Unable to reach any airport, pilots Chesley Sullenberger and Jeffrey Skiles glided the plane to a ditching in the Hudson River off midtown Manhattan. All 155 people aboard were rescued by nearby boats and there were few serious injuries.
(1952) ‘The Today Show’ premieres on NBCAmerica’s first morning talk show debuts, featuring an innovative mixture of interviews, light banter, and hard news. The format succeeds and the program will go on to become one of TV’s longest-running series.A daily live broadcast provides current domestic and international news, weather reports and interviews with news-makers from the worlds of politics, business, media, entertainment and sports.
Website: www.today.com Number of episodes: 16,185 Episode duration: 180 minutes Creator: Sylvester Weaver Awards: Daytime Emmy Award for Outstanding Morning Program · Primetime Emmy Award for Outstanding Achievement In Daytime Programming – Programs · News & Documentary Emmy Award for Outstanding Individual Achievement in a Craft: Camerawork Theme song: Scherzo for Today
wiki/Today_(U.S._TV_program)(1954) Marilyn Monroe and Joe DiMaggio wedAmerica’s biggest movie star and its most popular baseball player make headlines as they wed in San Francisco and emerge to a crush of press and public. They will divorce just nine months later.
Marilyn Monroe was an American actress and model. Famous for playing comic “dumb blonde” characters, she became one of the most popular sex symbols of the 1950s, emblematic of the era’s attitudes towards sexuality. Although she was a top-billed actress for only a decade, her films grossed $200 million by the time of her unexpected death in 1962. She continues to be considered a major popular culture icon.
IMDB:www.imdb.com/name/nm0000054 Lived: Jun 01, 1926 – Aug 05, 1962 (age 36) Height: 5′ 5″ (1.66 m) Spouse: Arthur Miller (m. 1956 – 1961) · Joe DiMaggio (m. 1954 – 1954) · James Dougherty (m. 1942 – 1946) Buried: Westwood Village Memorial Park Cemetery Awards: Playboy Playmate (1953) · Golden Globe Award for Best Actress – Motion Picture Comedy or Musical (1960) · Golden Globe Henrietta Award for World Film Favorites (1962, 1954) · David di Donatello Golden Plate Award
Joseph Paul “Joe” DiMaggio, nicknamed “Joltin’ Joe” and “The Yankee Clipper”, was an American Major League Baseball center fielder who played his entire 13-year career for the New York Yankees. He is perhaps best known for his 56-game hitting streak, a record that still stands.
Lived: Nov 25, 1914 – Mar 08, 1999 (age 84) Height: 6′ 2″ (1.88 m) Spouse: Marilyn Monroe (m. 1954 – 1954) · Dorothy Arnold (m. 1939 – 1944) Children: Joseph Paul DiMaggio III (Son) Buried: Holy Cross Cemetery
1937: DiMaggio holds the record for most seasons with more home runs than strikeouts (minimum 20 home runs), a feat he accomplished seven times, and five times consecutively from 1937–1941.
1939: Joe DiMaggio married Dorothy Arnold on November 19, 1939; their marriage lasted 5 years till May 12, 1944.
1941: DiMaggio’s most famous achievement is his MLB record-breaking 56-game hitting streak in 1941.
1947: In 1947, Boston Red Sox owner Tom Yawkey and Yankees GM Larry MacPhail verbally agreed to trade DiMaggio for Ted Williams, but MacPhail refused to include Yogi Berra.
1949: On February 7, 1949, DiMaggio signed a record contract worth $100,000 ($996,000 in current dollar terms) ($70,000 plus bonuses), and became the first baseball player to break $100,000 in earnings.
1949: In the September 1949 issue of SPORT, Hank Greenberg said that DiMaggio covered so much ground in center field that the only way to get a hit against the Yankees was “to hit ’em where Joe wasn’t.”
wiki/Joe_DiMaggio(1967) Prelude to ‘Summer of Love’ in San FranciscoWith tunes from the Grateful Dead and Jefferson Airplane, talks from Timothy Leary, and free LSD provided by Owsley Stanley, the Human Be-In turns on, tunes in, and drops out at Golden Gate Park.The Human Be-In was an event in San Francisco’s Golden Gate Park Polo Fields on January 14, 1967. It was a prelude to San Francisco’s Summer of Love, which made the Haight-Ashbury district a symbol of American counterculture and introduced the word “psychedelic” to suburbia.
Date: Jan 14, 1967
wiki/Human_Be-In(1970) Diana Ross & the Supremes give their final concertA dozen #1 hits behind them, the mega-selling ’60s pop group performs together for the last time at Las Vegas’ Frontier Hotel. Ross will go on to launch a solo career and also earn a Best Actress Oscar nod, while the rest of the band will go through several lineup changes before disbanding in 1977.The Supremes were an American female singing group and the premier act of Motown Records during the 1960s. Founded as the Primettes in Detroit, Michigan, in 1959, the Supremes were the most commercially successful of Motown’s acts and are, to date, America’s most successful vocal group with 12 number one singles on the Billboard Hot 100. Most of these hits were written and produced by Motown’s main songwriting and production team, Holland–Dozier–Holland. At their peak in the mid-1960s, the Supremes rivaled the Beatles in worldwide popularity, and it is said that their success made it possible for future African American R&B and soul musicians to find mainstream success.
Movies: G.I.T. on Broadway · Motown 25: Yesterday, Today, Forever · The T.A.M.I. Show Awards: Grammy Hall of Fame (2001, 1999) · Rhythm and Blues Foundation Pioneer Award (2003) Nominations: NME Award for World Group (1965) Siblings: Sundray Tucker