(1965) USSR’s Alexey Leonov takes the first spacewalk Soviet cosmonaut Alexey Leonov emerges from his spacecraft and spends 12 minutes suspended in outer space, with only a tether connecting him to his craft. It’s humankind’s first “extravehicular activity,” or EVA.Alexey Arkhipovich Leonov is a retired Soviet/Russian cosmonaut, Air Force Major general, writer and artist. On 18 March 1965, he became the first human to conduct extravehicular activity, exiting the capsule during the Voskhod 2 mission for a 12-minute spacewalk.
Born: May 30, 1934 (age 83) · Listvyanka, Russia Height: 5′ 4″ (1.63 m) Spouse: Svetlana Pavlovna Dozenko Space missions: Voskhod 2 · Apollo–Soyuz Test Project Movies: Tank on the Moon Children: Oksana A. (Daughter) · Viktoria A. (Daughter)
1960: Leonov was one of the 20 Soviet Air Force pilots selected to be part of the first cosmonaut group in 1960.
1965: On 18 March 1965, he became the first human to conduct extravehicular activity (EVA), exiting the capsule during the Voskhod 2 mission for a 12-minute spacewalk.
1965: He was outside the spacecraft for 12 minutes and nine seconds on 18 March 1965, connected to the craft by a 5.35-meter tether.
1968: In 1968, Leonov was selected to be commander of a circumlunar Soyuz 7K-L1 flight.
1970: A crater on the far side of the moon was named after Leonov in 1970, near Mare Moscoviense (Sea of Moscow).
1984: Leonov, along with Rusty Schweickart, Vitaly Sevastyanov, and Georgi Grechko established the Association of Space Explorers in 1984.
Soviet cosmonauts (front row, from left): Vladimir Komarov, Yuri Gagarin, Valentina Tereshkova, Andrian Nikolayev, Konstantin Feoktistov, Pavel Belyaev, second row: Alexei Leonov, German Titov, Valery Bykovsky, Boris Yegorov, and Pavel Popovich. Star City. wiki/Alexey_Leonov4.8.d17
(1965) President Johnson’s civil rights speechThe struggles of civil rights activists, and the recent violence they encountered in Alabama, inspire LBJ’s speech to the US Congress. He quotes the activists’ hallmark phrase, “we shall overcome,” and calls for voting rights for all. The speech will help galvanize support for the Voting Rights Act.The Voting Rights Act of 1965 is a landmark piece of federal legislation in the United States that prohibits racial discrimination in voting. It was signed into law by President Lyndon B. Johnson during the height of the Civil Rights Movement on August 6, 1965, and Congress later amended the Act five times to expand its protections. Designed to enforce the voting rights guaranteed by the Fourteenth and Fifteenth Amendments to the United States Constitution, the Act secured voting rights for racial minorities throughout the country, especially in the South. According to the U.S. Department of Justice, the Act is considered to be the most effective piece of federal civil rights legislation ever enacted in the country. President Lyndon B. Johnson, Martin Luther King, Jr., and Rosa Parks at the signing of the Voting Rights Act on August 6, 1965 wiki/Voting_Rights_Act_of_19654.8.d17
(1965) US ground combat troops land in VietnamAfter Viet Cong attacks on US Air Force bases in Da Nang, 3,500 Marines arrive for defense, the first US land combat deployment in Vietnam. Nine months later, they’ll be joined by almost 200,000 additional US combat troops.The Vietnam War, also known as the Second Indochina War, and in Vietnam as the Resistance War Against America or simply the American War, was a conflict that occurred in Vietnam, Laos, and Cambodia from 1 November 1955 to the fall of Saigon on 30 April 1975. It was the second of the Indochina Wars and was officially fought between North Vietnam and the government of South Vietnam. The North Vietnamese army was supported by the Soviet Union, China and other communist allies and the South Vietnamese army was supported by the United States, South Korea, Australia, Thailand and other anti-communist allies. The war is therefore considered a Cold War-era proxy war. The war is considered a humiliation for the United States.
(1965) First troops from South Korea land in VietnamSouth Korea sends its first troops to Saigon as part of US President Lyndon Johnson’s effort to build an international coalition of fighting forces in Vietnam. More than 300,000 South Koreans will serve in the war by 1973.The Republic of Korea, under the administration of Park Chung-hee, took an active role in the Vietnam War. From 1964 to 1973, South Korea sent more than 300,000 troops to Vietnam. The South Korean Army, Marine Corps, Navy, and Air Force all participated as an ally of the United States. The number of troops from South Korea was much greater than those from Australia and New Zealand, and second only to the U.S. military force. The military commander was Lieutenant General Chae Myung-shin, ROK Army. Soldiers of the ROK 9th Infantry Division in Vietnam. Photo by Phillip Kemp. wiki/South_Korea_in_the_Vietnam_War4.8.d17
(1824) Beethoven’s 9th premieres in ViennaIn his first stage appearance in over a decade, German composer Ludwig van Beethoven premieres his Symphony No. 9 in D minor, Op. 125 in Vienna, Austria. Although he wrote the symphony when nearly deaf, it will turn out to be his greatest triumph.The Symphony No. 9 in D minor, Op. 125, also known as “the Choral”, is Ludwig van Beethoven’s final complete symphony. Completed in 1824, the symphony is one of the best-known works in classical music. It is almost universally considered by critics to be one of Beethoven’s greatest works, and many consider it one of the greatest compositions in the western musical canon. The symphony was the first example of a major composer using voices in a symphony. The words are sung during the final movement by four vocal soloists and a chorus. They were taken from the “Ode to Joy”, a poem written by Friedrich Schiller in 1785 and revised in 1803, with text additions made by the composer. In the 2010s, it stands as one of the most performed symphonies in the world.
Completed: 1824 Composer: Ludwig van Beethoven Compositional forms: Symphony · Choral symphony · Lied Key: D minor
wiki/Symphony_No._9_(Beethoven)(1965) Keith Richards gets ‘Satisfaction’Rolling Stones guitarist Keith Richards has placed a tape recorder next to his bed in a Clearwater, Florida, motel room, and he awakes to find that at some point in the early morning he’d laid down the opening riff of ‘(I Can’t Get No) Satisfaction.’ The Stones will record the song, with its distinctive guitar hook, just days later and it will make them superstars.
“(I Can’t Get No) Satisfaction” is a song by the English rock band the Rolling Stones, released in 1965. It was written by Mick Jagger and Keith Richards and produced by Andrew Loog Oldham. Richards’ three-note guitar riff—intended to be replaced by horns—opens and drives the song. The lyrics refer to sexual frustration and commercialism.
The song was first released as a single in the United States in June 1965 and was also featured on the American version of the Rolling Stones’ fourth studio album, Out of Our Heads, released that July. “Satisfaction” was a hit, giving the Stones their first number one in the US. In the UK, the song initially was played only on pirate radio stations, because its lyrics were considered too sexually suggestive. It later became the Rolling Stones’ fourth number one in the United Kingdom.
In 2004, Rolling Stone magazine placed “(I Can’t Get No) Satisfaction” in the second spot on its list of “The 500 Greatest Songs of All Time”. The song was added to the National Recording Registry of the Library of Congress in 2006.
Album: Out of Our Heads Artist: The Rolling Stones Release year: 1965 Duration: 3:43 Genre: Rock, Classic Rock
wiki/(I_Can%27t_Get_No)_Satisfaction(1982) NFL’s Raiders move to Los AngelesAfter two years of lawsuits, outspoken, uncompromising team owner Al Davis is finally allowed to move the Raiders from Oakland to Los Angeles. The Raiders will play there until 1995 when they will move back to Oakland. In 2017, they will flirt with a return to L.A. before announcing plans to relocate to Las Vegas.The Oakland Raiders are a professional American football franchise based in Oakland, California. The team was founded on January 30, 1960, and commenced operations on September 11, 1960, as a member of the American Football League at Kezar Stadium in San Francisco, California; they are currently members of the National Football League, which merged with the AFL in 1970. The Raiders currently compete in the NFL as a member club of the league’s American Football Conference West division and play their home games at the Oakland–Alameda County Coliseum. At the end of the NFL’s 2015 season, the Raiders boasted a lifetime regular-season record of 444 wins, 397 losses, and 11 ties; their lifetime playoff record currently stands at 25 wins and 18 losses.
Founded: 1960 Coach: Jack Del Rio Venue: Mount Davis Owner: Mark Davis Championships: 2003 AFC Championship Game · Super Bowl XVIII · Super Bowl XV · Super Bowl XI · 1967 American Football League Championship Game Location: Oakland
wiki/Oakland_Raiders(2000) Russia inaugurates Vladimir Putin as presidentA former lieutenant colonel in the Soviet KGB, Vladimir Putin becomes Russia’s second president after winning the popular vote. He will wrest tight control of the country’s power structure, as president and later as prime minister, re-establishing the firm authority of the centralized government.Vladimir Vladimirovich Putin is the current President of the Russian Federation, holding the office since 7 May 2012. He was Prime Minister from 1999 to 2000, President from 2000 to 2008, and again Prime Minister from 2008 to 2012. During his second term as Prime Minister, he was the Chairman of the ruling United Russia Party.
Born: Oct 07, 1952 (age 64) · Saint Petersburg, Russia Height: 5′ 7″ (1.70 m) Office: President of Russia (Since 2012) Spouse: Lyudmila Putina (m. 1983 – 2014) Children: Yekaterina Putina (Daughter) · Mariya Putina (Daughter) Previous offices: Prime Minister of Russia (2008 – 2012) · Chairman of the Council of Ministers of the Union State (2008 – 2012) · Leader of United Russia (2008 – 2012) · President of Russia (2000 – 2008) · Prime Minister of Russia (1999 – 2000) · Acting President of Russia (1999 – 2000) · Acting Chairman of the Government of the Russian Federation (1999 – 1999)
1983: Vladimir Putin married Lyudmila Putina on July 28, 1983; their marriage lasted 31 years till April 02, 2014.
1998: On 25 July 1998, Yeltsin appointed Putin as Director of the Federal Security Service (FSB), the primary intelligence and security organization of the Russian Federation and successor of the KGB.
2008: In April 2008, Putin became the first Russian President who visited Libya.
2008: In a power-switching operation on 8 May 2008, only a day after handing the presidency to Medvedev, Putin was appointed Prime Minister of Russia, maintaining his political dominance.
2012: Putin’s presidency was inaugurated in the Kremlin on 7 May 2012.
2015: In June 2015, Putin told an Italian newspaper that Russia has no intention of attacking NATO.