(1937) A ‘wacky quacker’ leaves his mark Daffy Duck makes his first appearance in a Looney Tunes animated short, ‘Porky’s Duck Hunt.’ The plot has Porky Pig and his dog Rover duck hunting, where they run into sneaky Daffy, who thwarts their efforts to bag a bird. In future appearances, Daffy will lose his manic edge and become more of a put-upon everyman, er duck.Daffy Duck is an animated cartoon character produced by Warner Bros. Styled as an anthropomorphic black duck, the character has appeared in cartoon series such as Looney Tunes and Merrie Melodies, where he usually has been depicted as the best friend and occasional arch-rival of Bugs Bunny. Daffy was one of the first of the new “screwball” characters that emerged in the late 1930s to replace traditional everyman characters who were more popular earlier in the decade, such as Mickey Mouse and Popeye. Daffy starred in 130 shorts in the golden age, making him the third-most frequent character in the Looney Tunes/Merrie Melodies cartoons, behind Bugs Bunny’s 180 appearances and Porky Pig’s 162 appearances.
Creators: Tex Avery · Bob Clampett Species: Duck
wiki/Daffy_Duck(1961) Ill-fated US ‘Bay of Pigs’ invasion of Cuba is launched A huge Cold War blunder begins as around 1,500 CIA-trained anti-Castro Cuban exiles land at the Bay of Pigs on the southern coast of Cuba. Hoping to overthrow Fidel Castro’s communist government, the invasion force will instead face total defeat.The Bay of Pigs Invasion was a failed military invasion of Cuba undertaken by the CIA-sponsored paramilitary group Brigade 2506 on 17 April 1961. A counter-revolutionary military, trained and funded by the United States government’s Central Intelligence Agency, Brigade 2506 fronted the armed wing of the Democratic Revolutionary Front and intended to overthrow the increasingly communist government of Fidel Castro. Launched from Guatemala and Nicaragua, the invading force was defeated within three days by the Cuban Revolutionary Armed Forces, under the direct command of Prime Minister Fidel Castro.
Start date: Apr 17, 1961 End date: Apr 19, 1961
wiki/Bay_of_Pigs_Invasion(1964) Iconic Ford Mustang unveiled at World’s FairThe public gets its first look at Ford’s newest auto at the New York World’s Fair. The ‘pony car’ will go on to be Ford’s biggest seller since the Model T, inspiring a new class of sports cars that take to American asphalt in the ’60s and ’70s.
The first-generation Ford Mustang was manufactured by Ford from March 1964 until 1973. The introduction of the Mustang created a new class of automobile known as the pony car. The Mustang’s styling, with its long hood and short deck, proved wildly popular and inspired a host of competition.
It was initially introduced as a hardtop and convertible with the fastback version put on sale in August 1964. At the time of its introduction, the Mustang, sharing its underpinnings with the Falcon, was slotted into a compact car segment.
With each revision, the Mustang saw an increase in overall dimensions and in engine power. The 1971 model saw a drastic redesign to its predecessors. After an initial surge, sales were steadily declining, as Ford began working on a new generation Mustang. With the onset of the 1973 oil crisis, Ford was prepared, having already designed the smaller Mustang II for the 1974 model year. This new car had no common components with preceding models.
wiki/Ford_Mustang_(first_generation)(2002) ‘General Hospital’ airs 10,000th episodeIn 2002, the show celebrates a milestone with a flashback episode highlighting its first 39 years on the air. Demi Moore, Mark Hamill, Ricky Martin, and John Stamos all passed through the fictional town of Port Charles, NY, on their way to stardom.Families, friends, enemies and lovers experience life-changing events in the large upstate New York city of Port Charles, which has a busy hospital, upscale hotel, cozy diner and dangerous waterfront frequented by the criminal underworld.
First episode: Apr 01, 1963 Episode duration: 60 minutes Creator: Frank and Doris Hursley Awards: Daytime Emmy Award for Outstanding Drama Series · Daytime Emmy Award for Outstanding Lead Actress in a Drama Series · Daytime Emmy Award for Outstanding Lead Actor in a Drama Series Producer: Frank Valentini Genre: Soap opera
(1742) Handel’s oratorio masterpiece, ‘Messiah,’ premieresAn audience of 700 gather in Dublin’s Great Music Hall for a charity concert featuring composer George Frideric Handel’s new choral work, ‘Messiah.’ An immediate sensation in Ireland, its London debut will get a cooler reception.Messiah is an English-language oratorio composed in 1741 by George Frideric Handel, with a scriptural text compiled by Charles Jennens from the King James Bible, and from the version of the Psalms included with the Book of Common Prayer. It was first performed in Dublin on 13 April 1742 and received its London premiere nearly a year later. After an initially modest public reception, the oratorio gained in popularity, eventually becoming one of the best-known and most frequently performed choral works in Western music.
Completed: 1741 Composer: George Frideric Handel
wiki/Messiah_(Handel)(1943) Thomas Jefferson receives a 200th birthday giftPresident Franklin D. Roosevelt dedicates a memorial on the Tidal Basin of the Potomac River on Thomas Jefferson’s birthday. Because of wartime metal shortages, the bronze statue of America’s third president won’t be added until 1947.The Jefferson Memorial is a presidential memorial in Washington, D.C., dedicated to Thomas Jefferson, one of the most important of the American Founding Fathers as the main drafter and writer of the Declaration of Independence, member of the Continental Congress, governor of the newly independent Commonwealth of Virginia, American minister to King Louis XVI and the Kingdom of France, first U.S. Secretary of State under the first President George Washington, the second Vice President of the United States under second President John Adams, and also the third President, as well as being the founder of the University of Virginia at Charlottesville, Virginia.
Website:www.nps.gov/thje Address: 900 Ohio Dr SW, Washington, DC 20024 Phone: (202) 426-6841 Established: Oct 15, 1966 Annual visitors: 3.10 million (2015) Architects: John Russell Pope · Eggers & Higgins · Frederick Law Olmsted, Jr.
wiki/Jefferson_Memorial(1964) Sidney Poitier makes Oscar historyIn a year packed with landmark civil rights activism, another barrier is broken at the 36th Academy Awards as Sidney Poitier becomes the first African American to receive the Oscar for Best Actor, for his role in ‘Lillies of the Field.’Sir Sidney Poitier, KBE, is a Bahamian-American actor, film director, author and diplomat. In 1964, Poitier became the first Bahamian and first African-American to win an Academy Award for Best Actor, for his role in Lilies of the Field. The significance of these achievements was bolstered in 1967, when he starred in three successful films, all of which dealt with issues involving race and race relations: To Sir, with Love; In the Heat of the Night; and Guess Who’s Coming to Dinner, making him the top box-office star of that year. In 1999, the American Film Institute named Poitier among the Greatest Male Stars of classic Hollywood cinema, ranking 22nd on the list of 25.
Born: Feb 20, 1927 (age 90) · Miami, FL Height: 6′ 2″ (1.89 m) Net worth: $25 million USD (2017) Spouse: Joanna Shimkus (m. 1976) · Juanita Hardy (m. 1950 – 1965) Awards: Academy Award for Best Actor (1964) · Golden Globe Cecil B. DeMille Award (1982) · Academy Honorary Award (2002) · Kennedy Center Honors (1995) · AFI Life Achievement Award (1992) · Grammy Award for Best Spoken Word Album Children: Sydney Tamiia Poitier (Daughter) · Anika Poitier (Daughter) · Pamela Poitier (Daughter) · Sherri Poitier (Daughter) · Beverly Poitier-Henderson (Daughter) · Gina Poitier (Daughter)
wiki/Sidney_Poitier(1970) Apollo 13 faces catastrophe 200,000 miles from EarthTwo days after launching from the Kennedy Space Center in Florida, a warning light, a loud bang, and the message “Houston, we’ve had a problem here,” puts an end to Apollo 13’s mission to the moon. An exploded oxygen tank on the spacecraft makes returning to Earth alive the new goal.Apollo 13 was the seventh manned mission in the American Apollo space program and the third intended to land on the Moon. The craft was launched on April 11, 1970, at 13:13 CST from the Kennedy Space Center, Florida, but the lunar landing was aborted after an oxygen tank exploded two days later, crippling the Service Module upon which the Command Module had depended. Despite great hardship caused by limited power, loss of cabin heat, shortage of potable water, and the critical need to make makeshift repairs to the carbon dioxide removal system, the crew returned safely to Earth on April 17.
Mission start: Apr 11, 1970 Mission end: Apr 17, 1970 Astronauts: Jim Lovell · Jack Swigert · Fred Haise Space program: Apollo program
(1871) Rugby’s first international match is playedEngland and Scotland scrum at Edinburgh’s Raeburn Place in the debut rugby football game between two countries. The rough and tumble match is won by Scotland, but England will beat the Scots the next year.The 1871 rugby union match between Scotland and England was a single international rugby union match played between the Scotland and England national rugby union teams on 27 March 1871. This was the world’s very first international rugby union match, and was played at Raeburn Place, Edinburgh in front of 4,000 spectators. The match was won by Scotland which scored two tries and a goal to England’s single try.
Date: Mar 27, 1871
wiki/1871_Scotland_versus_England_rugby_union_match(1915) ‘Typhoid Mary’ is quarantined for lifeIrish immigrant Mary Mallon is isolated on North Brother Island in New York’s East River. As an asymptomatic typhus carrier she is believed to have unwittingly infected 51 people and killed three in her role as a family cook. She will spend nearly three decades in isolation before dying of pneumonia.Mary Mallon, better known as Typhoid Mary, was the first person in the United States identified as an asymptomatic carrier of the pathogen associated with typhoid fever. She was presumed to have infected 22 people, three of whom died, over the course of her career as a cook. She was twice forcibly isolated by public health authorities and died after a total of nearly three decades in isolation.
Born: Sep 23, 1869 · Cookstown, United Kingdom Died: Nov 11, 1938 · North and South Brother Islands, New York City, NY Buried: Saint Raymond’s Cemetery
1900: In 1900, she worked in Mamaroneck, New York, where, within two weeks of her employment, residents developed typhoid fever.
1901: In 1901, she moved to Manhattan, where members of the family for whom she worked developed fevers and diarrhea, and the laundress died.
1906: In 1906, she took a position in Oyster Bay, Long Island, and within two weeks 10 of the 11 family members were hospitalized with typhoid.
1915: In 1915, Mallon started another major outbreak, this time at Sloane Hospital for Women in New York City.
1915: After arresting her, public health authorities returned her to quarantine on North Brother Island on March 27, 1915.
1938: On November 11, 1938, she died of pneumonia at age 69.
wiki/Mary_Mallon(1964) Strongest quake in US history slams AlaskaThe afternoon calm of Good Friday is shattered as a massively powerful 9.2 magnitude megathrust earthquake hits 78 miles east of Anchorage, Alaska. Fifteen people are killed by the earthquake itself, but tsunamis triggered by the quake will claim 124 additional victims, some as far away as California.The 1964 Alaskan earthquake, also known as the Great Alaskan earthquake and Good Friday earthquake, occurred at 5:36 P.M. AST on Good Friday, March 27. Across south-central Alaska, ground fissures, collapsing structures, and tsunamis resulting from the earthquake caused about 139 deaths.
Date: Mar 27, 1964
wiki/1964_Alaska_earthquake(1977) 583 die on Tenerife airport runwayTwo airliners slam into each other during takeoff in foggy weather on Tenerife, an island off the coast of Spain. Only 61 of the 644 passengers and crew survive the fireball, making this history’s worst aviation disaster.
On March 27, 1977, two Boeing 747 passenger jets collided on the runway at Los Rodeos Airport (now Tenerife North Airport), on the Spanish island of Tenerife, Canary Islands. The crash killed 583 people, making it the deadliest accident in aviation history. As a result of the complex interaction of organizational influences, environmental conditions, and unsafe acts leading up to this aircraft mishap, the disaster at Tenerife has served as a textbook example for reviewing the processes and frameworks used in aviation mishap investigations and accident prevention.
A bomb explosion at Gran Canaria Airport, and the threat of a second bomb, caused many aircraft to be diverted to Los Rodeos Airport. Among them were KLM Flight 4805 and Pan Am Flight 1736 – the two aircraft involved in the accident. At Los Rodeos Airport, air traffic controllers were forced to park many of the airplanes on the taxiway, thereby blocking it. While authorities waited to reopen Gran Canaria, a dense fog had developed at Tenerife, which greatly reduced visibility and further complicated the situation.
When Gran Canaria reopened, the parked aircraft blocking the taxiway at Tenerife required both of the 747s to taxi on the only runway in order to get in position for takeoff. The fog was so thick that neither aircraft could be seen from the other, and the controller in the tower could not see the runway or the two 747s on it. As the airport did not have ground radar, the controller could only find where each airplane was by voice reports over the radio.
The disaster occurred in Spanish territory, making Spain responsible for investigating the accident. The crash involved aircraft from the United States and the Netherlands, and both of those countries appointed representatives to the investigation. The investigations revealed that the primary cause of the accident was the captain of the KLM flight taking off without clearance from air traffic control (ATC). The investigation specified that the captain did not intentionally take off without clearance; rather he fully believed he had clearance to take off due to misunderstandings between his flight crew and ATC. Dutch investigators placed a greater emphasis on this than their American and Spanish counterparts, but ultimately KLM admitted their crew was responsible for the accident, and the airline financially compensated the victims’ relatives.
The accident had a lasting influence on the industry, particularly in the area of communication. An increased emphasis was placed on using standardized phraseology in ATC communication by controllers and pilots alike, thereby reducing the chance for misunderstandings. As part of these changes, the word “takeoff” was removed from general usage, and is only spoken by ATC when clearing an aircraft to take off or when cancelling that same clearance. Less experienced flight crew members were encouraged to challenge their captains when they believed something was not correct, and captains were instructed to listen to their crew and evaluate all decisions in light of crew concerns. This concept was later expanded into what is known today as crew resource management (CRM), in which training is now mandatory for all airline pilots.
(44 BCE) Roman dictator Julius Caesar is assassinatedThe usually festive Ides of March take a tragic turn as ‘dictator-for-life’ Julius Caesar is attacked by a group of knife-weilding Roman senators. Among the assassins is Caesar’s protégé and friend, Marcus Brutus.The assassination of Julius Caesar was the result of a conspiracy by many Roman senators. Led by Gaius Cassius Longinus, Decimus Junius Brutus, and Marcus Junius Brutus, they stabbed Julius Caesar to death in a location adjacent to the Theatre of Pompey on the Ides of March, 44 BC. Caesar was the dictator of the Roman Republic at the time, having recently been declared dictator perpetuo by the Senate. This declaration made several senators fear that Caesar wanted to overthrow the Senate in favor of tyranny. The conspirators were unable to restore the Roman Republic. The ramifications of the assassination led to the Liberators’ civil war and, ultimately, to the Principate period of the Roman Empire. wiki/Assassination_of_Julius_Caesar(1877) Australia and England meet in debut Test cricket matchMelbourne is the site of cricket’s first officially recognized Test match, with Australia hosting rival England in the sport’s most demanding challenge. This four-day match ends with Australia winning by 45 runs.
Test matches in the period 1877 to 1883 were organised somewhat differently from international cricket matches today. The teams were rarely representative, and the boat trip between Australia and England, which usually lasted about 48 days, was one that many cricketers (especially amateurs) were unable or unwilling to undertake. As such, the home teams enjoyed a great advantage.
Thirteen Test Matches were played during the period, all between Australian and English sides. Most were not styled as representative “England v. Australia” contests, however: this description was only applied later by cricket statisticians. The same is true of their designation as “Test matches”, which did not enter into the vernacular until 1885. Eleven of the thirteen matches played to 1883 were in Australia, where the colonials made the most of their home advantage, winning seven while England won four, and two matches were drawn.
By 1883, the tradition of England-Australia tours was well established, that year having concluded the first Ashes series. When England lost at home for the first time in 1882, The Sporting Times lamented the death of cricket in the mother country and declared that “the body will be cremated and the ashes taken to Australia”. England captain Ivo Bligh promised that on the tour to Australia in 1882–83 he would regain “the ashes” and the term began to be established. During that tour a small terracotta urn was presented to Bligh by a group of Melbourne women. The urn is commonly, but erroneously, believed to be the trophy of the Ashes series, but it has never been formally adopted as such and Bligh always considered it to be a personal gift.
A number of the problems that continue to bedevil cricket today had already surfaced by 1883: there were umpiring disputes, betting controversies, match-fixing, and even a riot.
wiki/History_of_Test_cricket_from_1877_to_1883(1964) Hollywood power couple Taylor and Burton get hitchedScreen star Elizabeth Taylor takes her fifth walk down the aisle and British thespian Richard Burton his second, as they marry following an affair that caused years of tabloid frenzy. They will divorce 10 years later, only to remarry after just months later. Their second marriage will last less than a year.
Dame Elizabeth Rosemond Taylor, DBE was a British-American actress, businesswoman, and humanitarian. She began as a child actress in the early 1940s, and was one of the most popular stars of classical Hollywood cinema in the 1950s. She continued her career successfully into the 1960s, and remained a well known public figure for the rest of her life. The American Film Institute named her the seventh-greatest female screen legend in 1999.
Lived: Feb 27, 1932 – Mar 23, 2011 (age 79) Height: 5′ 3″ (1.60 m) Spouse: Larry Fortensky (m. 1991 – 1996) · John Warner (m. 1976 – 1982) · Richard Burton (m. 1975 – 1976) · Richard Burton (m. 1964 – 1974) · Eddie Fisher (m. 1959 – 1964) · Mike Todd (m. 1957 – 1958) · Michael Wilding Children: Maria Burton (Daughter) · Liza Todd (Daughter) · Michael Wilding Jr. (Son) · Christopher Edward Wilding (Son) Buried: Forest Lawn Memorial Park
Richard Burton, CBE was a Welsh actor who was noted for his mellifluous baritone voice. Burton established himself as a formidable Shakespearean actor in the 1950s, and he gave a memorable performance of Hamlet in 1964. He was called “the natural successor to Olivier” by critic and dramaturg Kenneth Tynan. An alcoholic, Burton’s failure to live up to those expectations disappointed critics and colleagues and fueled his legend as a great thespian wastrel.
Lived: Nov 10, 1925 – Aug 05, 1984 (age 58) Height: 5′ 10″ (1.78 m) Spouse: Sally Burton (m. 1983 – 1984) · Susan Hunt (m. 1976 – 1982) · Elizabeth Taylor (m. 1975 – 1976) · Elizabeth Taylor (m. 1964 – 1974) · Sybil Williams (m. 1949 – 1963) Children: Kate Burton (Daughter) · Liza Todd (Daughter) · Maria Burton (Daughter) · Jessica Burton (Daughter) Siblings: Ifor Jenkins (Brother) · Cecilia Jenkins (Sister) · Graham Jenkins (Brother)
wiki/Elizabeth_Taylor wiki/Richard_Burton(1965) President Johnson’s civil rights speechThe struggles of civil rights activists, and the recent violence they encountered in Alabama, inspire LBJ’s speech to the US Congress. He quotes the activists’ hallmark phrase, “we shall overcome,” and calls for voting rights for all. The speech will help galvanize support for the Voting Rights Act.
I speak tonight for the dignity of man and the destiny of democracy.
I urge every member of both parties—Americans of all religions and of all colors—from every section of this country—to join me in that cause.
At times history and fate meet at a single time in a single place to shape a turning point in man’s unending search for freedom. So it was at Lexington and Concord. So it was a century ago at Appomattox. So it was last week in Selma, Alabama.
There is no Negro problem. There is no southern problem. There is no northern problem. There is only an American problem.
And we are met here tonight as Americans—not as Democrats or Republicans—we are met here as Americans to solve that problem.
This was the first nation in the history of the world to be founded with a purpose. The great phrases of that purpose still sound in every American heart, north and south: “All men are created equal” — “Government by consent of the governed” — “Give me liberty or give me death.”…
Those words are a promise to every citizen that he shall share in the dignity of man. This dignity cannot be found in man’s possessions. It cannot be found in his power or in his position. It really rests on his right to be treated as a man equal in opportunity to all others. It says that he shall share in freedom, he shall choose his leaders, educate his children, provide for his family according to his ability and his merits as a human being….
Many of the issues of civil rights are very complex and most difficult. But about this there can and should be no argument. Every American citizen must have an equal right to vote. There is no reason which can excuse the denial of that right. There is no duty which weighs more heavily on us than the duty we have to ensure that right.
Yet the harsh fact is that in many places in this country men and women are kept from voting simply because they are Negroes….
Experience has clearly shown that the existing process of law cannot overcome systematic and ingenious discrimination. No law that we now have on the books—and I have helped to put three of them there—can ensure the right to vote when local officials are determined to deny it.
In such a case our duty must be clear to all of us. The Constitution says that no person shall be kept from voting because of his race or his color. We have all sworn an oath before God to support and to defend that Constitution.
We must now act in obedience to that oath.
Wednesday I will send to Congress a law designed to eliminate illegal barriers to the right to vote….
To those who seek to avoid action by their National Government in their home communities—who want to and who seek to maintain purely local control over elections—the answer is simple. Open your polling places to all your people. Allow men and women to register and vote whatever the color of their skin. Extend the rights of citizenship to every citizen of this land. There is no constitutional issue here. The command of the Constitution is plain. There is no moral issue. It is wrong—deadly wrong—to deny any of your fellow Americans the right to vote in this country. There is no issue of States rights or National rights. There is only the struggle for human rights.
I have not the slightest doubt what will be your answer….
But even if we pass this bill, the battle will not be over. What happened in Selma is part of a far larger movement which reaches into every section and State of America. It is the effort of American Negroes to secure for themselves the full blessings of American life.
Their cause must be our cause too, because it is not just Negroes but really it is all of us, who must overcome the crippling legacy of bigotry and injustice. And we shall overcome….
This great, rich, restless country can offer opportunity and education and hope to all—all black and white, all North and South, sharecropper and city dweller. These are the enemies—poverty, ignorance, disease—they are our enemies, not our fellow man, not our neighbor. And these enemies too—poverty, disease, and ignorance—we shall overcome.
(1794) Eli Whitney patents the cotton ginEli Whitney is granted a US patent for the cotton gin, a machine that vastly simplifies cotton harvesting. It will lead to huge profits for the cotton-rich South, but will also increase the demand for slaves to pick the expanded cotton crops.Eli Whitney was an American inventor best known for inventing the cotton gin. This was one of the key inventions of the Industrial Revolution and shaped the economy of the Antebellum South. Whitney’s invention made upland short cotton into a profitable crop, which strengthened the economic foundation of slavery in the United States. Despite the social and economic impact of his invention, Whitney lost many profits in legal battles over patent infringement for the cotton gin. Thereafter, he turned his attention into securing contracts with the government in the manufacture of muskets for the newly formed United States Army. He continued making arms and inventing until his death in 1825.
Lived: Dec 08, 1765 – Jan 08, 1825 (age 59) Romance: Henrietta Frances Whitney Inventions: Cotton gin · Interchangeable parts · Milling Education: Leicester Academy · Yale College (1789 – 1792) Children: Frances Edwards Whitney (Daughter) · Eli Whitney, III (Son) · Elizabeth Fay Whitney (Daughter) · Susan Edwards Whitney (Daughter) Parents: Eli Whitney, Sr. (Father) · Judith Whitney (Morse) (Mother) · Elizabeth Whitney (Fay) (Mother)
1765: Whitney was born in Westborough, Massachusetts, on December 8, 1765, the eldest child of Eli Whitney Sr., a prosperous farmer, and his wife Elizabeth Fay, also of Westborough.
1777: Whitney’s mother, Elizabeth Fay, died in 1777, when he was 11.
1792: He prepared for Yale at Leicester Academy (now Becker College) and under the tutelage of Rev. Elizur Goodrich of Durham, Connecticut, he entered the class of 1789 and graduated Phi Beta Kappa in 1792.
1798: The motives behind Whitney’s acceptance of a contract to manufacture muskets in 1798 were mostly monetary.
1825: (The machine that excited Roe may not have been built until 1825, after Whitney’s death.) Therefore, no one person can properly be described as the inventor of the milling machine.
1825: Whitney died of prostate cancer on January 8, 1825, in New Haven, Connecticut, just a month after his 59th birthday.
wiki/Eli_Whitney(1950) The FBI issues its debut 10 Most Wanted list With input from field offices across the US, the Federal Bureau of Investigation releases its rogues’ gallery of the nation’s most dangerous criminals. In the decades to follow, the list will contribute to the capture of hundreds of suspects.
The FBI Ten Most Wanted Fugitives is a most wanted list maintained by the United States Federal Bureau of Investigation (FBI). The list arose from a conversation held in late 1949 between J. Edgar Hoover, Director of the FBI, and William Kinsey Hutchinson, International News Service (the predecessor of the United Press International) editor-in-chief, who were discussing ways to promote capture of the FBI’s “toughest guys”. This discussion turned into a published article, which received so much positive publicity that on March 14, 1950, the FBI officially announced the list to increase law enforcement’s ability to capture dangerous fugitives.
Individuals are generally only removed from the list if the fugitive is captured, dies, or if the charges against them are dropped; they are then replaced by a new entry selected by the FBI. In nine cases, the FBI removed individuals from the list after deciding that they were no longer a “particularly dangerous menace to society”. Machetero member Víctor Manuel Gerena, added to the list in 1984, was on the list for 32 years, which was longer than anyone else. Billie Austin Bryant spent the shortest amount of time on the list, being listed for two hours in 1969. The oldest person to be added to the list was William Bradford Bishop on April 10, 2014 at 77 years old. On rare occasions, the FBI will add a “Number Eleven” if that individual is extremely dangerous but the Bureau does not feel any of the current ten should be removed. Despite occasional references in the media, the FBI does not rank their list; no suspect is considered “#1 on the FBI’s Most Wanted List” or “The Most Wanted.”
The list is commonly posted in public places such as post offices. In some cases, fugitives on the list have turned themselves in on becoming aware of their listing. As of December 4, 2014, 504 fugitives have been listed, eight of them women, and 473 (94%) captured or located, 155 (31%) of them due to public assistance. On May 19, 1996, Leslie Isben Rogge became the first person on the FBI Ten Most Wanted Fugitives list to be apprehended due to the internet. The FBI maintains other lists of individuals, including the Most Wanted Terrorists, along with crime alerts, missing persons, and other fugitive lists.
On June 17, 2013, the list reached the quantity of 500 fugitives.
wiki/FBI_Ten_Most_Wanted_Fugitives(1964) Jack Ruby found guilty of murdering Lee Harvey OswaldA Dallas, Texas, jury convicts nightclub owner Jack Ruby of shooting and killing Lee Harvey Oswald, the suspected assassin of President John F. Kennedy. The verdict is the first to be televised in the US.Jack Leon Ruby was an American nightclub owner and murderer from Chicago, Illinois, who lived in Dallas, Texas. On November 24, 1963, he fatally shot Lee Harvey Oswald while the latter was in police custody after being charged with assassinating U.S. President John F. Kennedy two days earlier. A Dallas jury found him guilty of murdering Oswald and Ruby was consequently sentenced to death. Later, Ruby appealed his conviction, had it overturned and was granted a new trial. However, on January 3, 1967, as the date for his new trial was being set, Ruby became ill in his prison cell and died of a pulmonary embolism from lung cancer.
Born: Mar 25, 1911 · Chicago, IL Died: Jan 03, 1967 · Dallas, TX Buried: Westlawn Cemetery Related movies: JFK Siblings: Marion Rubenstein (Sister) · Earl Rubenstein (Brother) · Eileen Rubenstein (Sister) · Sam Rubenstein (Brother) · Hyman Rubenstein (Brother) · Ann Rubenstein (Sister) · Eva Rubenstein (Sister) Parents: Joseph Rubenstein (Father) · Fannie Turek Rutkowski (Mother)
1946: In 1946, Tony Accardo allegedly asked Jack Ruby to go to Texas with Mafia associates Pat Manno and Romie Nappi to make sure that Dallas County Sheriff Steve Gutherie would acquiesce to the Mafia’s expansion into Dallas.
1963: On November 24, 1963, he fatally shot Lee Harvey Oswald while the latter was in police custody after being charged with assassinating U.S. President John F. Kennedy two days earlier.
1963: Joe Campisi and his wife visited with Jack Ruby in jail for ten minutes on November 30, 1963.
1964: On March 14, 1964, Ruby was convicted of murder with malice, for which he received a death sentence.
1966: Eventually, the appellate court agreed with Ruby’s lawyers for a new trial, and on October 5, 1966, ruled that his motion for a change of venue before the original trial court should have been granted.
1967: Ruby died of a pulmonary embolism, secondary to bronchogenic carcinoma (lung cancer), on January 3, 1967, at Parkland Hospital, the same facility where Oswald had died and where President Kennedy had been pronounced dead after his assassination.
wiki/Jack_Ruby(1991) Birmingham Six freed after 16 years in prisonCoerced confessions, police brutality, and muddled forensics are finally revealed as six Irish men see their sentences overturned after being convicted for a 1974 IRA bombing in Birmingham, England.The Birmingham Six were six men—Hugh Callaghan, Patrick Joseph Hill, Gerard Hunter, Richard McIlkenny, William Power and John Walker—sentenced to life imprisonment in 1975 in England for the Birmingham pub bombings. Their convictions were declared unjust and unsatisfactory and quashed by the Court of Appeal on 14 March 1991. The six men were later awarded compensation ranging from £840,000 to £1.2 million. wiki/Birmingham_Six3.3.f17