(1917) Rankin becomes first female elected to US Congress Jeannette Rankin takes her seat in the House of Representatives as the first woman elected to serve in Congress. The Montana Republican will vote against entry into World War I, and for women’s voting rights.Jeannette Pickering Rankin was an American politician and women’s rights advocate, and the first woman to hold federal office in the United States. She was elected to the U.S. House of Representatives by the state of Montana in 1916, and again in 1940. She is to date the only woman elected to Congress from Montana.
Lived: Jun 11, 1880 – May 18, 1973 (age 92) Parents: Olive Rankin (Mother) · John Rankin (Father) Siblings: Wellington D. Rankin (Brother) Party: Republican Party Education: University of Montana · University of Washington · Columbia University School of Social Work Previous offices: Representative MT 1st District (1941 – 1943) · Representative MT at-large District (1917 – 1919)
1880: Rankin was born on June 11, 1880, near Missoula, Montana, nine years before the territory became a state, to schoolteacher Olive Pickering and Scottish-Canadian immigrant carpenter and rancher John Rankin.
1911: In February 1911, Rankin became the first woman to speak before the Montana legislature, making her case for women’s suffrage.
1917: By 1917, women had been granted some form of voting rights in about forty states, but Rankin became a driving force in the movement for unrestricted universal enfranchisement.
1940: Rankin won election to the House once again in 1940, at the age of 60, defeating incumbent Jacob Thorkelson, an outspoken antisemite, in the July primary, and former Representative Jerry J. O’Connell in the general election.
1972: Although her legacy rests almost entirely on her pacifism, Rankin told the Montana Constitutional Convention in 1972 that she would have preferred otherwise.
1973: Rankin died on May 18, 1973, age 92, in Carmel, California.
(1917) Father Edward Flanagan establishes Boys Town near OmahaThe 31-year-old Irish priest opens the doors to a Victorian mansion as a home for troubled boys. He starts out with just six kids, but numbers will quickly grow. Thanks to help from local citizens, Flanagan will move the home to a large facility outside of Omaha to serve more children.Boys Town, formerly Girls and Boys Town and Father Flanagan’s Boys’ Home, is a non-profit organization dedicated to caring for its children and families, with national headquarters in the village of Boys Town, Nebraska. The property was listed on the National Register of Historic Places and was designated as a National Historic Landmark on February 4, 1985.
Founder: Edward J. Flanagan Address: 14100 Crawford Street, Boys Town, NE 68010 Phone: (402) 498-1141 Opened: 1917 Tax ID: 47-0376606 CEO: Steven E. Boes (Since 2005)
Nebraska Family Services building in “Boys Town”, Nebraska, just outside Omaha. AKA Father Flanagan’s Boys’ Home , W. Dodge Rd., Boys Town, Nebraska. This is the general place that the movieBoys Town was based on. A National Registered Historic Place and National Historic Landmark.
(1896) Henry Ford takes his first automobile for a test driveHenry Ford has been working for another inventor at the Edison Illuminating Co., but has taken time out to tinker on his own invention, an ethanol-powered 4-wheeled vehicle he dubs the ‘Quadricycle.’ Brakes are not included, but the vehicle’s top speed is only 20 miles per hour.The Ford Quadricycle was the first vehicle developed by Henry Ford. Ford’s first car was a simple frame with an ethanol-powered engine and four bicycle wheels mounted on it. The earliest cars were hand built, one by one, and very expensive. The peculiar machines were seen as toys for the rich. In the 1890s, the “horseless carriage” was a relatively new idea, with no one having a fixed, universal idea of what a car should look like or how it should work. Most of the first car builders were inventors, rather than businessmen, working with their imaginations and the parts they had on hand. Thus, the invention of the Quadricycle marks an important innovation as a proto-automobile that would lay the foundation for future, with more practical designs to follow. wiki/Ford_Quadricycle(1917) First awarding of Pulitzer PrizesPublisher Joseph Pulitzer willed funds to Columbia University to reward excellence in American journalism, literature, and music, and the first awards are given out this year. In decades to come, the Pulitzer Prize will be bestowed on a stellar array of American artists and writers.Pulitzer Prizes were first presented in 1917. There were initially four categories; others that had been specified in Joseph Pulitzer’s request were phased in over the next few years. The winners were selected by the trustees of Columbia University. The first Pulitzer Prize winner, French Ambassador Jean Jules Jusserand, who had written the best book about American history, won $2,000. Herbert Bayard Swope won a $1,000 prize for reporting.
Date: Jun 04, 1917
wiki/1917_Pulitzer_Prize(1984) Bruce Springsteen releases ‘Born in the U.S.A.’The singer releases his seventh studio album, backed by his longtime E Street Band. ‘Born in the U.S.A.’ will produce seven top-10 singles, including the smash ‘Dancing in the Dark’ (propelled by a video featuring a future ‘Friends’ star) and the often-misinterpreted title track.Born in the U.S.A. is the seventh studio album by American rock singer-songwriter Bruce Springsteen. It was released on June 4, 1984, by Columbia Records. It was written by Springsteen and recorded with his E Street Band and producers Chuck Plotkin and Jon Landau at The Power Station and The Hit Factory in New York City.
Release date: Jun 04, 1984 Genre: Rock, Indie / Alternative Label: Columbia Artist: Bruce Springsteen Awards: American Music Award for Favorite Pop/Rock Album · Grammy Hall of Fame · Juno Award for International Album of the Year
wiki/Born_in_the_U.S.A.(1989) A brutal crackdown in Beijing’s Tiananmen SquareThe People’s Liberation Army arrives in Tiananmen Square with assault weapons and tank columns to forcibly remove pro-democracy student demonstrators after seven weeks of protests. The government crackdown escalates, and thousands are killed as the Chinese military fires into the crowds.The Tiananmen Square protests of 1989, commonly known in China as the June Fourth Incident, were student-led demonstrations in Beijing in 1989. More broadly, it refers to the popular national movement inspired by the Beijing protests during that period, sometimes referred to as the ’89 Democracy Movement. The protests were forcibly suppressed after the government declared martial law. In what became widely known as the Tiananmen Square Massacre, troops with assault rifles and tanks killed at least several hundred demonstrators trying to block the military’s advance towards Tiananmen Square. The number of civilian deaths has been estimated at anywhere from hundreds to thousands.
(1896) The first modern Olympic Games open in AthensAthens, Greece hosts the first Olympic Games to be held in 1,500 years as athletes from 13 nations parade before an audience of 60,000. Events include track and field, gymnastics, wrestling, and the first ever marathon, which will be won by Spyridon Louis, of Greece.The 1896 Summer Olympics, officially known as the Games of the I Olympiad, was the first international Olympic Games held in modern history. Organised by the International Olympic Committee, which had been created by Pierre de Coubertin, it was held in Athens, Greece, from 6 to 15 April 1896.
Number of countries: 14 Start date: Apr 06, 1896 End date: Apr 15, 1896 Number of athletes: 241
wiki/1896_Summer_Olympics(1909) Peary and Henson reportedly reach the North PoleUS explorers Robert Peary and Matthew Henson arrive with four Inuit men at what they and others believe to be the exact location of the North Pole. Their claims will be questioned in 1989 when an examination of navigational errors in Peary’s logs place the explorers about 60 miles short.Matthew Alexander Henson was the first African-American Arctic explorer, an associate of Robert Peary on seven voyages over a period of nearly 23 years. They made six voyages and spent a total of 18 years in expeditions. Henson served as a navigator and craftsman, traded with Inuit and learned their language, and was known as Peary’s “first man” for these arduous travels.
Lived: Aug 08, 1866 – Mar 09, 1955 (age 88) Spouse: Lucy Ross (m. 1906) Education: Harvard University Children: Anauakaq Written works: A Black Explorer at the North Pole
1906: Matthew Henson married Lucy Ross in 1906.
1909: He and Peary with their teams covered thousands of miles in dog sleds and reached the “Farthest North” point of any Arctic expedition until 1909 .
1912: In 1912 Matthew Henson published his memoir about his arctic explorations, A Negro Explorer at the North Pole.
1937: Henson was invited in 1937 as a member of The Explorers Club due to his achievement and was the first African American to be accepted.
1948: In 1948 he was made an honorary member, a distinction for 20 people annually.
1955: Henson died in the Bronx on March 9, 1955, at the age of 88.
wiki/Matthew_HensonRobert Edwin Peary Sr. was an American explorer who claimed to have reached the geographic North Pole with his expedition on April 6, 1909. Peary’s claim was widely credited for most of the 20th century, rather than the competing claim by Frederick Cook, who said he got there a year earlier. Both claims were widely debated in newspapers until 1913.
Lived: May 06, 1856 – Feb 20, 1920 (age 63) Spouse: Josephine Diebitsch Peary (m. 1888 – 1920) Education: Bowdoin College · Portland High School Children: Marie Ahnighito Peary · Kali Peary · Robert Edwin Peary Jr. Buried: Arlington National Cemetery
1886: Peary made his first expedition to the Arctic in 1886, intending to cross Greenland by dog sled, taking the first of his own suggested paths.
1888: On August 11, 1888, Peary married Josephine Diebitsch, a business school valedictorian who thought the modern woman should be more than just a mother.
1892: On May 3, 1892, Peary finally set out on the intended trek with Henson, Gibson, Cook and Astrup.
1902: Peary also achieved a “farthest north” for the western hemisphere in 1902 north of Canada’s Ellesmere Island.
1908: For his final assault on the Pole, Peary and 23 men, including Ross Gilmore Marvin, set off from New York City on July 6, 1908 aboard the SS Roosevelt under the command of Captain Robert Bartlett.
1909: Robert Edwin Peary, Sr. (May 6, 1856 – February 20, 1920) was an American explorer who claimed to have reached the geographic North Pole with his expedition on April 6, 1909.
wiki/Robert_Peary(1917) US declares war on Germany and enters World War I After three years of war between European powers, the once-neutral United States, spurred on by German naval attacks on US civilian merchant ships, enters the fray as Congress declares war. Two million American soldiers will be shipped to Europe’s battlefields.The United States declared war on Germany on April 6, 1917, during World War I. The U.S. was an independent power and did not officially join the Allies. It closely cooperated with them militarily but acted alone in diplomacy. The U.S. made its major contributions in terms of supplies, raw material and money, starting in 1917. American soldiers under General John Pershing, Commander-in-Chief (C-in-C) of the American Expeditionary Force (AEF), arrived in large numbers on the Western Front in the summer of 1918. They played a major role until victory was achieved on November 11, 1918 at 11:00am. Before entering the war, the U.S. had remained neutral, though it had been an important supplier to Great Britain and the other Allied powers. During the war, the U.S. mobilized over 4 million military personnel and suffered 110,000 deaths, including 43,000 due to the influenza pandemic. The war saw a dramatic expansion of the United States government in an effort to harness the war effort and a significant increase in the size of the U.S. Armed Forces. After a relatively slow start in mobilizing the economy and labour force, by spring 1918 the nation was poised to play a role in the conflict. Under the leadership of President Woodrow Wilson, the war represented the climax of the Progressive Era as it sought to bring reform and democracy to the world, although there was substantial public opposition to U.S. entry into the war.
wiki/United_States_in_World_War_I(1924) First round-the-world airplane flight departsThe US Army Air Service launches the first aerial circumnavigation of the globe, using a specially modified torpedo bomber and relay teams of pilots. Several countries had vied to be the first to accomplish the feat, but 175 days and 27,553 miles later, the US team will fly into the history books.
The first aerial circumnavigation of the world was conducted in 1924 by a team of aviators of the United States Army Air Service, the precursor of the United States Air Force. The trip took 175 days, covering over 27,553 miles (44,342 km).
In 1929 Australian Charles Kingsford Smith completed the second circumnavigation of the world by flight, and the first within both hemispheres, including the first trans-Pacific flight to Australia in 1928.
(1889) Eiffel Tower officially opensTowering nearly a thousand feet over the streets of Paris, Gustave Eiffel’s monument to the centenary of the French Revolution is formally dedicated. Many French intellectuals deem it an eyesore, but it will come to be regarded as a harbinger of the modern age and a cultural icon of France.The Eiffel Tower is a wrought iron lattice tower on the Champ de Mars in Paris, France. It is named after the engineer Gustave Eiffel, whose company designed and built the tower.
Address: 5 Avenue Anatole France, 75007 Paris Phone: +33 892 70 12 39 Opened: Mar 31, 1889 Floors: 3 Height: 986 feet (300.65 m) (Architectural) Architects: Gustave Eiffel · Stephen Sauvestre
wiki/Eiffel_Tower(1917) US gains a little slice of paradiseAfter paying $25 million to Denmark, the United States claims the Danish West Indies as its territory, and christens them the Virgin Islands. Residents of the islands are US citizens, but their voting rights will be limited.The United States Virgin Islands, officially the Virgin Islands of the United States, are a group of islands in the Caribbean that are an insular area of the United States. The islands are geographically part of the Virgin Islands archipelago and are located in the Leeward Islands of the Lesser Antilles.
Founded: Jul 22, 1954 Population: 104,737 (2013) Calling code: 1 Area: 133.73 sq miles (346.36 km²) Travel tip: Made up of St Croix, St John and St Thomas, the laid-back USVI offer sophisticated dining, turquoise waters and quaint towns. On St Croix, Christiansted’s colourful Danish @tripadvisor Capital: Charlotte Amalie
Flag: Coat of Arms:
wiki/United_States_Virgin_Islands(1930) The Hays Code cracks down on HollywoodIn reaction to what they deem an excess of immorality in US motion pictures, government and industry officials begin enforcing the Motion Picture Production Code, better known as the Hays Code. The censorship rules won’t be dropped until 1968.
The Motion Picture Production Code was the set of industry moral guidelines that was applied to most United States motion pictures released by major studios from 1930 to 1968. It is also popularly known as the Hays Code, after Will H. Hays, who was the president of the Motion Picture Producers and Distributors of America (MPPDA) from 1922 to 1945. Under Hays’ leadership, the MPPDA, later known as the Motion Picture Association of America (MPAA), adopted the Production Code in 1930 and began strictly enforcing it in 1934. The Production Code spelled out what was acceptable and what was unacceptable content for motion pictures produced for a public audience in the United States.
From 1934 to 1954, the code was closely identified with Joseph Breen, the administrator appointed by Hays to enforce the code in Hollywood. The film industry followed the guidelines set by the code well into the late 1950s, but during this time the code began to weaken due to the combined impact of television, influence from foreign films, bold directors (such as Otto Preminger) pushing the envelope, and intervention from the courts, including the Supreme Court. In 1968, after several years of minimal enforcement, the Production Code was replaced by the MPAA film rating system.
wiki/Motion_Picture_Production_Code(1959) Tibet’s Dalai Lama begins exile in IndiaNine years after China invades Tibet and begins dismantling its cultural and religious identity, Tibetans wage a revolt and their spiritual and political leader finds asylum after crossing the border into India. He will become a beloved world figure while in exile.The 14th Dalai Lama; is the current Dalai Lama. Dalai Lamas are important monks of the Gelug school, the newest school of Tibetan Buddhism which is nominally headed by the Ganden Tripas. From the time of the 5th Dalai Lama to 1959, the central government of Tibet, the Ganden Phodrang, invested the position of Dalai Lama with temporal duties.
Born: Jul 06, 1935 (age 81) · Taktser, China Speeches: Five Point Peace Plan Awards: Nobel Peace Prize (1989) · Congressional Gold Medal (2006) · Honorary degree (2013, 2011, 2010, 2009, 2008, 2007) · Templeton Prize (2012) · Four Freedoms Award (1994) · Ján Langoš Human Rights Award Siblings: Jetsun Pema (Sister) · Thubten Jigme Norbu (Brother) · Tsering Dolma (Sister) Parents: Diki Tsering (Mother) · Choekyong Tsering (Father) Founded: Tibetan Institute of Performing Arts