Lived: Dec 08, 1542 – Feb 08, 1587 (age 44)
Height: 5′ 11″ (1.80 m)
Spouse: James Hepburn, 4th Earl of Bothwell (m. 1567 – 1578) · Henry Stuart, Lord Darnley (m. 1565 – 1567) · Francis II of France (m. 1558 – 1559)
Children: James VI and I (Son)
Parents: James V of Scotland (Father) · Mary of Guise (Mother)
Buried: Peterborough Cathedral · Henry VII ChapelHighlights
- 1554: Arran, with the support of his friends and relations, became the regent until 1554 when Mary’s mother managed to remove and succeed him.
- 1566: Mary’s son by Darnley, James, was born on 19 June 1566 in Edinburgh Castle, but the murder of Rizzio led inevitably to the breakdown of her marriage.
- 1567: James Hepburn, 4th Earl of Bothwell, was generally believed to have orchestrated Darnley’s death, but he was acquitted of the charge in April 1567, and the following month he married Mary.
- 1567: Mary, Queen of Scots married James Hepburn, 4th Earl of Bothwell on May 15, 1567; their marriage lasted 11 years till April 14, 1578.
- 1567: On 24 July 1567, she was forced to abdicate in favour of James VI, her one-year-old son by Darnley.
- 1571: In 1571, Cecil and Walsingham uncovered the Ridolfi Plot, which was a plan to replace Elizabeth with Mary with the help of Spanish troops and the Duke of Norfolk.
Start date: Feb 08, 1904
End date: Sep 05, 1905
Founded: Feb 08, 1950
Ceased operation: Mar 31, 1990
|(1275) Holland’s power center starts with a dam|
|Catastrophic flooding in the Low Countries is all too common, so the River Amstel gets a dam and the community surrounding it gets a name, ‘Aemstelredamme.’ The small town will grow into the 17th-century’s richest city in the world and one of the most important capitals in history, Amsterdam. .|
|(1659) Massachusetts shows no tolerance for the Boston martyrs|
|The gallows on Boston Common receive two condemned men, Marmaduke Stephenson and William Robinson, for the crime of practicing their Quaker religion in the Massachusetts Bay Colony. Although the two had fled Oliver Cromwell’s intolerance in England, they’ve found no haven in this part of America. .|
|(1871) The power of the press brings down a Boss|
|Such is the dominance of New York power broker William ‘Boss’ Tweed’s well-oiled political machine, Tammany Hall, that his first arrest on corruption charges is achieved only through a long campaign of public shaming in the press, and a batch of brilliantly barbed political cartoons..|
|(1904) Transit gets rapid beneath the streets of New York City|
|More than 100,000 people pay a nickel each to take a first-day ride on something wondrous beneath New York City’s streets, the IRT Company’s new underground train system. The ‘subway’ will prove immediately popular to folks keen on escaping the crush of city streets above. .|