(1901) The first Nobel Prizes are awarded in Stockholm, SwedenInventor of dynamite and manufacturer of weapons, Alfred Nobel didn’t want to be remembered as a “merchant of death,” and so willed that his fortune should fund annual awards to celebrate work that “shall have conferred the greatest benefit on mankind.” Today, on the fifth anniversary of his death, the first prizes are conferred.The Nobel Prize is a set of annual international awards bestowed in several categories by Swedish and Norwegian institutions in recognition of academic, cultural or scientific advances.
A golden medallion with an embossed image of Alfred Nobel facing left in profile. To the left of the man is the text “ALFR•” then “NOBEL”, and on the right, the text (smaller) “NAT•” then “MDCCCXXXIII” above, followed by (smaller) “OB•” then “MDCCCXCVI” below.
(1901) Roosevelt becomes US president after McKinley’s assassinationPresident William McKinley dies eight days after being shot by an assassin, and Vice President Theodore Roosevelt is sworn in as the 26th president of the United States. At 42, Teddy is the youngest US president, and will go on to be reelected in 1904 in a landslide victory.The first inauguration of Theodore Roosevelt as the 26th President of the United States, took place on Saturday, September 14, 1901 at the Ansley Wilcox House, at 641 Delaware Avenue in Buffalo, New York, following the death of President William McKinley earlier that day. The inauguration marked the commencement of the first term of Theodore Roosevelt as President. John R. Hazel, U.S. District Judge for the Western District of New York, administered the Oath of office.
Date: Sep 14, 1901
wiki/First_inauguration_of_Theodore_Roosevelt(1959) Spacecraft lands on the moonTwo days after launching, the Soviet Union’s space probe ‘Luna 2’ crash-lands on the moon’s surface near Mare Imbrium in the Palus Putredinis region. The spherical spacecraft becomes the first man-made object to reach another celestial body, and the first of many future moon visitors.Luna 2 or Lunik 2 was the second of the Soviet Union’s Luna programme spacecraft launched to the Moon. It was the first spacecraft to reach the surface of the Moon, and the first man-made object to land on another celestial body. On September 13, 1959, it hit the Moon’s surface east of Mare Imbrium near the craters Aristides, Archimedes, and Autolycus.
Date: Sep 12, 1959 Luna 2 Soviet moon probe. Luna 2 site is near the right of the image, close to the Apollo 15 landing site
(1901) President William McKinley assassinatedVisiting the Pan-American Exposition in Buffalo, New York, half a year into his second term, US President William McKinley is shot twice by anarchist Leon Czolgosz. McKinley will at first survive, and even seem to be improving after doctors operate, but will succumb to his wounds eight days later.On September 6, 1901, William McKinley, the 25th President of the United States, was shot on the grounds of the Pan-American Exposition at the Temple of Music in Buffalo, New York. He was shaking hands with the public when Leon Czolgosz, an anarchist, shot him twice in the abdomen. McKinley died eight days later on September 14 of gangrene caused by the gunshot wounds. He was the third American president to have been assassinated, following Abraham Lincoln in 1865 and James A. Garfield in 1881.
(1374) Dancing in the streets causes alarm in GermanyIn the German town of Aix-la-Chapelle, people begin jumping, twirling, twitching, and hallucinating, all of it seemingly out of their control to stop, and some “dance” until they drop. The so-called “dancing plague” will spread to other cities and later be blamed on mass hysteria or bacterial infections.
Dancing mania (also known as dancing plague, choreomania, St John’s Dance and, historically, St. Vitus’s Dance) was a social phenomenon that occurred primarily in mainland Europe between the 14th and 17th centuries. It involved groups of people dancing erratically, sometimes thousands at a time. The mania affected men, women, and children who danced until they collapsed from exhaustion. One of the first major outbreaks was in Aachen, in the Holy Roman Empire, in 1374, and it quickly spread throughout Europe; one particularly notable outbreak occurred in Strasbourg in 1518, also in the Holy Roman Empire.
Affecting thousands of people across several centuries, dancing mania was not an isolated event, and was well documented in contemporary reports. It was nevertheless poorly understood, and remedies were based on guesswork. Generally, musicians accompanied dancers, to help ward off the mania, but this tactic sometimes backfired by encouraging more to join in. There is no consensus among modern-day scholars as to the cause of dancing mania.
The several theories proposed range from religious cults being behind the processions to people dancing to relieve themselves of stress and put the poverty of the period out of their minds. It is, however, thought[by whom?] to have been a mass psychogenic illness in which the occurrence of similar physical symptoms, with no known physical cause, affect a large group of people as a form of social influence.
wiki/Dancing_mania(1901) First Paris showing for the teenage PicassoSeventy-five works by a 19-year-old Spaniard hang in a Paris gallery. While few art critics see Pablo Picasso’s show, those who do give it good notices. The artist’s first major exhibition comes on the cusp of his Blue Period, the first of many stylistic phases in a career that will span more than 70 years.Pablo Picasso was a Spanish painter, sculptor, printmaker, ceramicist, stage designer, poet and playwright who spent most of his adult life in France. Regarded as one of the most influential artists of the 20th century, he is known for co-founding the Cubist movement, the invention of constructed sculpture, the co-invention of collage, and for the wide variety of styles that he helped develop and explore. Among his most famous works are the proto-Cubist Les Demoiselles d’Avignon, and Guernica, a dramatic portrayal of the bombing of Guernica by the German and Italian airforces.
Lived: Oct 25, 1881 – Apr 08, 1973 (age 91) Height: 5′ 4″ (1.63 m) Spouse: Jacqueline Roque (m. 1961 – 1973) · Olga Khokhlova (m. 1918 – 1955) Children: Claude Picasso (Son) · Paloma Picasso (Daughter) · Paul Joseph Picasso (Son) · Maya Widmaier-Picasso (Daughter) Periods: Cubism · Picasso’s Blue Period · Picasso’s Rose Period · Picasso’s African Period · Surrealism · Modern art · Analytic cubism · Synthetic cubism Parents: José Ruiz y Blasco (Father) · María Picasso y López (Mother)
wiki/Pablo_Picaso(1947) Idaho pilot sees supersonic UFOs zoom past Mt. RainierPilot Kenneth Arnold sees what he says are nine shiny objects flying in a 5-mile formation in the clear afternoon sky above Washington State. He later calculates their speed at 1,200 miles-per-hour, describing them as “saucer-shaped” to journalists reporting on the first major UFO sighting of modern times.Kenneth A. Arnold was an American aviator and businessman. He is best known for making what is generally considered the first widely reported unidentified flying object sighting in the United States, after claiming to have seen nine unusual objects flying in tandem near Mount Rainier, Washington on June 24, 1947.
Born: Mar 29, 1915 · Sebeka, MN Died: Jan 16, 1984 · Bellevue, WA Spouse: Doris Arnold Education: University of Minnesota Parents: Bertha E. Barden · Edward Erb Arnold
1940: Arnold began Great Western Fire Control Supply in Boise, Idaho in 1940, a company that sold and installed fire suppression systems, a job that took him around the Pacific Northwest.
1947: He is best known for making what is generally considered the first widely reported unidentified flying object sighting in the United States, after claiming to have seen nine unusual objects flying in tandem near Mount Rainier, Washington on June 24, 1947.
1962: He ran unsuccessfully for Lieutenant Governor of Idaho in 1962.
1977: On June 24, 1977, however, he attended the First International UFO Congress in Chicago, curated by Fate to mark the 30th anniversary of the “birth” of the modern UFO age.
1984: Kenneth Arnold died on January 16, 1984 in Bellevue, United States.
wiki/Kenneth_Arnold(2010) Three-day match wraps up at WimbledonAfter 11 hours and 5 minutes played over three days, American John Isner defeats Frenchman Nicolas Mahut in a first-round singles match at Wimbledon. The contest sets records for longest match in professional tennis history for both time and number of games (183).The Isner–Mahut match at the 2010 Wimbledon Championships was a first round Men’s Singles match, in which the American 23rd seed John Isner played French qualifier Nicolas Mahut. The match began at 6:13 pm British Summer Time on Tuesday, 22 June, 2010 on Court 18 at Wimbledon. At 9:07 pm, due to fading light, play was suspended before the start of the fifth set. After resuming on Wednesday, 23 June, at 2:05 pm, the record for longest match was broken at 5:45 pm. The light faded again, and so play was suspended at 9:09 pm, with the final set tied at 59 games all. Play resumed at 3:40 pm on Thursday, 24 June, and Isner won at 4:47 pm, the final set having lasted 8 hours, 11 minutes. wiki/Isner–Mahut_match_at_the_2010_Wimbledon_Championships4.2.m17
(1901) Queen Victoria dies after 63-year reignThe Victorian Era comes to an end as the longest-reigning monarch in British history dies at 81, having ascended to the throne at 18. The Edwardian Era will follow as her son takes the throne.Victoria was Queen of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland from 20 June 1837 until her death. From 1 May 1876, she adopted the additional title of Empress of India.
Lived: May 24, 1819 – Jan 22, 1901 (age 81) Height: 5′ 0″ (1.52 m) Spouse: Albert, Prince Consort (m. 1840 – 1861) Children: Edward VII (Son) · Victoria, Princess Royal (Daughter) · Princess Alice of the United Kingdom (Daughter) · Princess Beatrice of the United Kingdom (Daughter) · Alfred, Duke of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha Parents: Prince Edward, Duke of Kent and Strathearn (Father) · Princess Victoria of Saxe-Coburg-Saalfeld (Mother) Movies: Queen Victoria’s Last Visit to Ireland
1819: The Duke and Duchess of Kent’s only child, Victoria was born at 4.15 a.m. on 24 May 1819 at Kensington Palace in London.
1830: In 1830, the Duchess of Kent and Conroy took Victoria across the centre of England to visit the Malvern Hills, stopping at towns and great country houses along the way.
1835: At Ramsgate in October 1835, Victoria contracted a severe fever, which Conroy initially dismissed as a childish pretence.
1840: During Victoria’s first pregnancy in 1840, in the first few months of the marriage, 18-year-old Edward Oxford attempted to assassinate her while she was riding in a carriage with Prince Albert on her way to visit her mother.
1847: She did undertake her official government duties, yet chose to remain secluded in her royal residences—Windsor Castle, Osborne House, and the private estate in Scotland that she and Albert had acquired in 1847, Balmoral Castle.
1888: Victoria’s eldest daughter became Empress consort of Germany in 1888, but she was widowed within the year, and Victoria’s grandchild Wilhelm became German Emperor as Wilhelm II.
1901: She died on Tuesday, 22 January 1901, at half past six in the evening, at the age of 81.
wiki/Queen_Victoria(1905) ‘Bloody Sunday’ sparks Russia’s first revolutionApproaching St. Petersburg’s Winter Palace to petition Tsar Nicholas II, unarmed demonstrators are shot down by Imperial Guards. Hundreds are killed, sparking outrage and ultimately leading to revolution.For the 1972 event in Northern Ireland, see Bloody Sunday. Bloody Sunday or Red Sunday is the name given to the events of Sunday, 22 January 1905 in St Petersburg, Russia, when unarmed demonstrators led by Father Georgy Gapon were fired upon by soldiers of the Imperial Guard as they marched towards the Winter Palace to present a petition to Tsar Nicholas II of Russia.
wiki/Bloody_Sunday_(1905)(1973) US Supreme Court rules on Roe v. WadeIn a 7-2 ruling, the US Supreme Court decides in favor of the 14th Amendment’s right to privacy extending to a woman’s decision to have an abortion within the first two trimesters of pregnancy.Roe v. Wade, 410 U.S. 113, is a landmark decision by the United States Supreme Court on the issue of abortion. It was decided simultaneously with a companion case, Doe v. Bolton. The Court ruled 7–2 that a right to privacy under the Due Process Clause of the 14th Amendment extended to a woman’s decision to have an abortion, but that this right must be balanced against the state’s interests in regulating abortions: protecting women’s health and protecting the potentiality of human life. Arguing that these state interests became stronger over the course of a pregnancy, the Court resolved this balancing test by tying state regulation of abortion to the third trimester of pregnancy.
Start date: 1971 End date: 1973
wiki/Roe_v._Wade(1998) The ‘Unabomber’ pleads guilty to chargesAfter 17 years making and sending mail bombs from his Montana cabin, Ted Kaczynski pleads guilty to federal charges stemming from his 1996 arrest, and will receive life in prison without parole.Theodore John “Ted” Kaczynski, also known as the “Unabomber”, is an American anarchist and domestic terrorist. A mathematical prodigy, he abandoned a promising academic career in 1969, then between 1978 and 1995 killed three people, and injured 23 others, in a nationwide bombing campaign targeting people involved with modern technology. In conjunction with this campaign he issued a wide-ranging social critique opposing industrialization and modern technology, and advancing a nature-centered form of anarchism.
Born: May 22, 1942 (age 74) · Evergreen Park, IL
Height: 5′ 9″ (1.75 m) Movies: The Net Siblings: David Kaczynski (Brother) Education: Harvard University · University of Michigan
1942: Kaczynski was born on May 22, 1942, in Evergreen Park, Illinois, to second-generation Polish Americans, Wanda (née Dombek) and Theodore Richard Kaczynski.
1971: In 1971, he moved to a remote cabin without electricity or running water, in Lincoln, Montana, where he lived as a recluse while learning survival skills in an attempt to become self-sufficient.
1994: In 1994, Burson-Marsteller executive Thomas J. Mosser was killed by a mail bomb sent to his North Caldwell, New Jersey home.
1996: In 1996, a docudrama was produced titled Unabomber: The True Story, featuring actors Dean Stockwell as Ben Jeffries, Robert Hays as David Kaczynski and Tobin Bell as Ted Kaczynski.
1996: Kaczynski’s brother, David—who would play a vital role in Kaczynski’s capture by alerting federal authorities to the prospect of his brother’s being involved in the Unabomber cases—sought out and became friends with Wright after Kaczynski was detained in 1996.
1996: In 1996 the Evergreen Park Community High School District No. 231 was also placed on lockdown while FBI agents searched Kaczynski’s school records.
1996: In February 1996, Bisceglie provided a copy of the 1971 essay written by Ted Kaczynski to the FBI.