(1876) Native tribes battle Custer’s 7th Cavalry in Montana A coalition of Native American tribes, resisting a forced move onto reservations, array themselves against George Armstrong Custer’s US 7th Cavalry at the Battle of Little Bighorn in Montana Territory. A vastly overconfident Custer advance is met and wiped out in a matter of an hour.The Battle of the Little Bighorn, known to the Lakota and other Plains Indians as the Battle of the Greasy Grass and commonly referred to as Custer’s Last Stand, was an armed engagement between combined forces of the Lakota, Northern Cheyenne, and Arapaho tribes and the 7th Cavalry Regiment of the United States Army. The battle, which occurred June 25–26, 1876, along the Little Bighorn River in eastern Montana Territory, was the most significant action of the Great Sioux War of 1876.
Start date: Jun 25, 1876 End date: Jun 26, 1876
wiki/Battle_of_the_Little_Bighorn(1947) Anne Frank’s ‘The Diary of a Young Girl’ is releasedTwo years after her death at 15 in the Bergen-Belsen concentration camp, Anne Frank’s account of her time hiding from the Nazis with her Jewish family in Amsterdam is published. The diary, which Frank began on her 13th birthday, is heartbreaking and hopeful in equal measure.The Diary of a Young Girl, also known as The Diary of Anne Frank, is a book of the writings from the Dutch language diary kept by Anne Frank while she was in hiding for two years with her family during the Nazi occupation of the Netherlands. The family was apprehended in 1944, and Anne Frank died of typhus in the Bergen-Belsen concentration camp in 1945. The diary was retrieved by Miep Gies, who gave it to Anne’s father, Otto Frank, the family’s only known survivor, just after the war was over. The diary has since been published in more than 60 languages.
Author: Anne Frank First published: 1947 ATOS reading level: 6.50 Number of pages: 283 Adaptations: The Diary of Anne Frank · Anne Frank Remembered (1995) · The Diary of Anne Frank · Anne no nikki (1995) · Das Tagebuch der Anne Frank (2016) · Dagboek van Anne Frank (1962) · Episode #1.2 · Episode #1.4 · The Diary of Anne Frank: Echoes from the Past · Anne Frank’s Diary · Episode #1.3 · Episode #1.1 Genres: Biography · Children’s literature · High fantasy
wiki/The_Diary_of_a_Young_Girl(1950) North invades south and the Korean War beginsAfter Japan surrendered at the end of World War II and relinquished control of Korea, the nation has been divided between communist and capitalist powers. With support from the Soviet Union, North Korea now invades US-supported South Korea in a bid to reunify the country, and a bloody 3-year war ensues.The Korean War began when North Korea invaded South Korea. The United Nations, with the United States as the principal force, came to the aid of South Korea. China came to the aid of North Korea, and the Soviet Union gave some assistance.
Start date: Jun 25, 1950 End date: Jul 27, 1953
wiki/Korean_War(1984) ‘Purple Rain’ album hits storesPrince releases his sixth album, which also serves as the soundtrack to his film debut. ‘Purple Rain’ will boost The Purple One to new levels of stardom, producing five hit singles, winning two Grammys and an Oscar, and eventually selling more than 20 million copies.Purple Rain is the sixth studio album by American recording artist Prince, the first to feature his backing band The Revolution, and is the soundtrack album to the 1984 film of the same name. It was released on June 25, 1984 by Warner Bros. Records. To date, it has sold over 22 million copies worldwide, making it the sixth-best-selling soundtrack album of all time.
Release year: 1984 Genre: Pop music, Contemporary Pop Label: Rhino/Warner Bros. Artists: The Revolution · The Purple Ones Movie: Purple Rain Awards: Grammy Award for Best Score Soundtrack for Visual Media · Grammy Award for Best Rock Performance by a Duo or Group with Vocal · Grammy Hall of Fame · American Music Award for Favorite Pop/Rock Album · American Music Award for Favorite Soul/R&B Album · Brit Award for Best Soundtrack/Cast Recording
(1876) Alexander Graham Bell patents the telephoneFollowing the development of his prototype ‘harmonic telegraph’ device, Scotland-born Alexander Graham Bell receives a US patent on a revolutionary new form of instantaneous communication, the telephone.Alexander Graham Bell was a Scottish-born scientist, inventor, engineer, and innovator who is credited with patenting the first practical telephone. Bell’s father, grandfather, and brother had all been associated with work on elocution and speech and both his mother and wife were deaf, profoundly influencing Bell’s life’s work. His research on hearing and speech further led him to experiment with hearing devices which eventually culminated in Bell being awarded the first U.S. patent for the telephone in 1876. Bell considered his most famous invention an intrusion on his real work as a scientist and refused to have a telephone in his study.
Lived: Mar 03, 1847 – Aug 02, 1922 (age 75) Spouse: Mabel Gardiner Hubbard (m. 1877 – 1922) Founded: AT&T · National Geographic Society · Bell Labs · Bell System · Oriental Telephone Company · Aerial Experiment Association Inventions: Telephone · Graphophone · Twisted pair Children: Elsie Bell (Daughter) · Robert Bell (Son) · Edward Bell (Son) · Marian Hubbard Bell (Daughter) Education: University of Edinburgh (1864 – 1865) · Royal High School, Edinburgh (1858 – 1862) · University College London (1868 – 1870) · Weston House Academy (1863 – 1864)
1877: On July 11, 1877, a few days after the Bell Telephone Company was established, Bell married Mabel Hubbard (1857–1923) at the Hubbard estate in Cambridge, Massachusetts.
1880: Canada’s first telephone company building, the “Henderson Home” of the late 1870s, a predecessor of the Bell Telephone Company of Canada (officially chartered in 1880).
1880: In 1880, Bell received the Volta Prize with a purse of 50,000 francs (approximately US$260,000 in today’s dollars) for the invention of the telephone from the Académie française, representing the French government.
1893: In 1893, Keller performed the sod-breaking ceremony for the construction of the new Bell’s new Volta Bureau, dedicated to “the increase and diffusion of knowledge relating to the deaf”.
1914: Bell was later awarded the AIEE’s Edison Medal in 1914 “For meritorious achievement in the invention of the telephone”.
1922: Bell died of complications arising from diabetes on August 2, 1922, at his private estate in Cape Brenton, Nova Scotia, at age 75.
wiki/Alexander_Graham_Bell(1945) US forces capture Ludendorff Bridge on German Rhine Nine years to the day after Hitler broke the Treaty of Versailles and reoccupied the Rhineland, the US Army’s 9th Armored Division secures one of the last still-standing bridges over the Rhine River. Allied forces will now be able to cross into the German interior and bring the war to a swifter conclusion.The Battle of Remagen during the Allied invasion of Germany resulted in the unexpected capture of the Ludendorff Bridge over the Rhine and possibly shortened World War II in Europe. After capturing the Siegfried Line, the 9th Armored Division of the U.S. First Army had advanced unexpectedly quickly towards the Rhine. They were very surprised to see one of the last bridges across the Rhine still standing. The Germans had wired the bridge with about 2,800 kilograms of demolition charges. When they tried to blow it up, only a portion of the explosives detonated. U.S. forces captured the bridge and rapidly expanded their first bridgehead across the Rhine, two weeks before Operation Plunder. The GIs’ actions prevented the Germans from regrouping east of the Rhine and consolidating their positions.
Start date: Mar 07, 1945 End date: Mar 25, 1945
wiki/Battle_of_Remagen(1951) Ridgway launches Korean War’s Operation Ripper Spearheaded by US General Matthew Ridgway, a UN force launches a huge offensive against enemy combatants around Seoul. A week later the South Korean capital will be liberated from Communist control.Operation Ripper, also known as the Fourth Battle of Seoul, was a United Nations military operation conceived by the commander US Eighth Army, General Matthew Ridgway, during the Korean War. The operation was intended to destroy as much as possible of the Chinese communist People’s Volunteer Army and North Korean military around Seoul and the towns of Hongch’on, 50 miles east of Seoul, and Ch’unch’on, 15 miles further south. The operation also aimed to bring UN troops to the 38th parallel. It followed upon the heels of Operation Killer, an eight-day UN offensive that concluded February 28, to push Communist forces north of the Han River. The operation was launched on March 6, 1951 with the US I Corps and IX Corps on the west near Seoul and Hoengsong and US X Corps and ROK III Corps in the east, to reach “Line Idaho”, an arc with its apex just south of the 38th Parallel in South Korea.
Start date: Mar 07, 1951 End date: Apr 04, 1951
wiki/Operation_Ripper(1965) Selma civil rights march becomes ‘Bloody Sunday’ Marching for civil rights for African Americans, hundreds of unarmed and peaceful protesters cross the Edmund Pettus Bridge in Selma, Alabama, and are set upon by state troopers wielding billy clubs and tear gas. Public disgust at the incident will help galvanize support for passage of the Voting Rights Act.The Selma to Montgomery marches were three protest marches, held in 1965, along the 54-mile highway from Selma, Alabama to the state capital of Montgomery. The marches were organized by activists to demonstrate the desire of African-American citizens to exercise their constitutional right to vote, in defiance of segregationist repression, and were part of a broader voting rights movement underway in Selma and throughout the American South. By highlighting racial injustice, they contributed to passage that year of the Voting Rights Act, a landmark federal achievement of the Civil Rights Movement.