|(1839) Inventor makes pioneering photograph|
|England’s John Herschel is a true Renaissance man, and now the mathematician, inventor, chemist, and discoverer of the stunningly beautiful cyanotype process, makes the first photograph on a glass plate. .|
Sir John Frederick William Herschel, 1st Baronet KH FRS was an English polymath, mathematician, astronomer, chemist, inventor, and experimental photographer, who also did valuable botanical work. He was the son of Mary Baldwin and astronomer William Herschel, nephew of astronomer Caroline Herschel and the father of twelve children.
|(1850) New state takes up most of the USA’s West Coast|
|The United States officially admits more than 160,000 square miles of West Coast territory, stretching from arid semi-desert lands near the Mexican border northwards to the evergreen forests of the Pacific Northwest, as the new state of California. .|
California is the most populous state in the United States. It is also the third most extensive by area. Los Angeles, in Southern California, is the state’s most populous city and the country’s second largest after New York City. California also includes the nation’s most populous county, Los Angeles County, and the largest county by area, San Bernardino County. Geographically located in the western part of the United States, California is bordered by the other United States states of Oregon to the north, Nevada to the east, and Arizona to the southeast. California shares an international border with the Mexican state of Baja California to the south and the Pacific Ocean is on the state’s western coastline. The state capital is Sacramento, which is located in the northern part of the state. A majority of California’s cities are located in either the San Francisco Bay Area or the Sacramento metropolitan area in Northern California; or the Los Angeles area, the Riverside-San Bernardino-Inland Empire, or the San Diego metropolitan area in Southern California.
|(1948) Socialist state is created on the Korean Peninsula|
|Following post-WWII annexations by the USSR in the north and the US in the south, the country of Korea is further split as the Democratic People’s Republic of Korea is announced. The new socialist dictatorship, led by Kim Il Sung, takes over the north, and will close its borders and grow increasingly isolated..|
North Korea, officially the Democratic People’s Republic of Korea, is a country in East Asia, in the northern part of the Korean Peninsula. Pyongyang is both the nation’s capital as well as its largest city, with a population just over 2.5 million. To the north and northwest the country is bordered by China and by Russia along the Amnok and Tumen rivers. The country is bordered to the south by South Korea, with the heavily-fortified Korean Demilitarized Zone separating the two.
|(1971) Huge prison riot erupts in Western New York|
|A combustible mixture of inhumane prison conditions, the burgeoning prisoner’s rights movement, and sheer manpower erupts into a riot at Attica Correctional Facility outside Buffalo, NY. Over 1,000 prisoners take 42 employees hostage, beginning a four-day siege that will leave 33 inmates and 10 prison workers dead..|
The Attica Prison riot occurred at the Attica Correctional Facility in Attica, New York, United States in 1971. The riot was one of the most well-known and significant uprisings of the Prisoners’ Rights Movement. The riot was based upon prisoners’ demands for political rights and better living conditions. On September 9, 1971, two weeks after the killing of George Jackson at San Quentin State Prison, about 1,000 of the Attica prison’s approximately 2,200 inmates rioted and seized control of the prison, taking 42 staff hostage.
|(1839) France gives gift of photography to the world|
|Louis Daguerre has received a lifetime pension from France in exchange for his recent invention, a process by which visual impressions from a camera are transferred to metal plates. France announces the technology is “free to the world” and the public first learns of photography..|
|(1934) Homemade rattling racers roll in a glide to the finish|
|Dayton, Ohio, hosts the inaugural All-American Soap Box Derby, and 362 entrants have cobbled together racers made of packaging crates, buggy wheels, scrap metal, and yes, soap boxes. Gravity does the work as none of the cars are powered, so aerodynamics and wheel quality are key..|
|(1944) French capital drives out Nazi control|
|The Nazi occupation of ‘the City of Light’ nears its end as the French Resistance mobilizes fighting units against the German garrison in advance of the arrival of US General Patton’s Third Army. As they withdraw their forces, German commanders will ignore Hitler’s order to destroy Paris. .|
The Liberation of Paris was a military action that took place during World War II from 19 August 1944 until the German garrison surrendered the French capital on 25 August 1944. Paris had been ruled by Nazi Germany since the signing of the Second Compiègne Armistice on 22 June 1940, after which the Wehrmacht occupied northern and western France.
|(1991) ‘August Coup’ puts Soviet President Gorbachev under arrest|
|Communist hardliners, unhappy with President Mikhail Gorbachev’s policies, attempt to take over the Soviet Union’s government. Tanks patrol Moscow, Gorbachev is placed under house arrest, and tens of thousands of citizens are out in the streets protesting against the coup..|
|(1839) Africans escape their chains and commandeer a slave ship|
|Led by Sengbe Pieh, 53 Africans stage a revolt and capture their transport, the slave ship Amistad, 20 miles off the coast of Cuba. Pieh, also known as Joseph Cinqué, will later stand trial in front of the US Supreme Court where he will successfully petition for his and his fellow captives’ freedom..|
|(1881) Assassin’s bullets hit new American president|
|With a small entourage including Abraham Lincoln’s son Robert Todd Lincoln, President James Garfield waits to catch a train in Washington, DC, when Charles Guiteau shoots him twice in the back at point-blank range. America’s 20th president will die more than two months later. .|
|(1897) Wireless telegraphy advances into radio with Marconi’s help|
|Italian engineer Guglielmo Marconi, age 23, is awarded a patent in London for a new form of wireless telegraphy, bringing ‘Improvements in Transmitting Electrical impulses and Signals and in Apparatus therefor.’ Marconi’s device will become known by its more common name, the radio. .|
|(1964) Landmark US Civil Rights Act becomes law|
|President Lyndon Johnson signs a culmination of centuries of activism and struggle, the Civil Rights Act of 1964, in a televised ceremony at the White House. The new law bars racial segregation in public places, and discrimination based on race, color, religion, sex, or national origin..|