(1785) Georgia founds first state university in USThe University of Georgia is incorporated, and America’s first publicly funded institution of higher learning will be built on the banks of the Oconee River, in what is now the city of Athens.The University of Georgia, founded in 1785, also referred to as UGA or simply Georgia, is an American public Land-grant, Regional Sun Grant, National Sea Grant, and National Space Grant research university. Its primary location is a 762-acre campus adjacent to the college town of Athens, Georgia, approximately an hour’s drive from the global city of Atlanta. It is a flagship university that is ranked tied for 18th overall among all public national universities in the 2017 U.S. News & World Report rankings. The university is classified in the highest ranking, “R-1: Doctoral Universities – Highest Research Activity”, with the Carnegie Classification of Institutions of Higher Education classifying the student body as “More Selective,” its most selective admissions category. The university has been labeled one of the “Public Ivies,” a publicly funded university considered to provide a quality of education comparable to those of the Ivy League.
Website:www.uga.edu Founder: Abraham Baldwin Mascots: Uga · Hairy Dawg Enrollment: 36,130 (2017) Address: The Administration Building, Athens, GA 30602 Ranking: #56 National University (2017) Undergraduates: 27,547 (2017)
wiki/University_of_Georgia(1888) National Geographic Society foundedHaving gathered together for the first time two weeks previously, 33 founders, mostly scientists, explorers, and wealthy travelers, incorporate the National Geographic Society to promote “geographical knowledge.” Their magazine will begin publishing nine months later.The National Geographic Society, headquartered in Washington, D.C., United States, is one of the largest nonprofit scientific and educational institutions in the world. Its interests include geography, archaeology and natural science, the promotion of environmental and historical conservation, and the study of world culture and history. The National Geographic Society’s logo is a yellow portrait frame – rectangular in shape – which appears on the margins surrounding the front covers of its magazines and as its television channel logo. It also operates a website that features extra content and worldwide events.
wiki/National_Geographic_Society(1944) Seige of Leningrad liftedA Soviet offensive pushes German troops from the southern border of Leningrad, breaking the devastating military blockade on the city 872 days after it had begun. Surviving residents of Leningrad have endured a stranglehold on their city that cost the lives of roughly 1 million of their neighbors and defenders.The Siege of Leningrad, also known as the Leningrad Blockade was a prolonged military blockade undertaken mainly by the German Army Group North against Leningrad, historically and currently known as Saint Petersburg, in the Eastern Front theatre of World War II. The siege started on 8 September 1941, when the last road to the city was severed. Although the Soviets managed to open a narrow land corridor to the city on 18 January 1943, the siege was only lifted on 27 January 1944, 872 days after it began. It was one of the longest and most destructive sieges in history and possibly the costliest in terms of casualties.
Start date: Sep 08, 1941 End date: Jan 27, 1944
wiki/Siege_of_Leningrad(2003) Grandmaster Flash’s ‘The Message’ preserved for historyThe newly created National Recording Preservation Board announces that 50 audio recordings are to be preserved in the Library of Congress for the National Recording Registry. ‘The Message’ – a 1982 rap single by Grandmaster Flash and the Furious Five – is inducted alongside recordings of Stravinsky, Bessie Smith, FDR, and others.The National Recording Registry is a list of sound recordings that “are culturally, historically, or aesthetically important, and/or inform or reflect life in the United States.” The registry was established by the National Recording Preservation Act of 2000, which created the National Recording Preservation Board, whose members are appointed by the Librarian of Congress. The recordings preserved in the United States National Recording Registry form a registry of recordings selected yearly by the National Recording Preservation Board for preservation in the Library of Congress. wiki/National_Recording_Registry3.2.j17
(1785) First crossing of English Channel by airFrenchman Jean-Pierre Blanchard and American John Jeffries fly their balloon for 2.5 hours from Dover, England to Calais, France. Silk-covered “air oars” and trousers are tossed overboard to lighten the load.Jean-Pierre Blanchard was a French inventor, best known as a pioneer in balloon flight. Blanchard made his first successful balloon flight in Paris on 2 March 1784, in a hydrogen gas balloon launched from the Champ de Mars. The first successful manned balloon flight had taken place on 21 November 1783, when Pilâtre de Rozier and the Marquis d’Arlandes took off at Palace of Versailles in a free-flying hot air balloon constructed by the Montgolfier brothers. The first manned hydrogen balloon flight had taken place on December 1, 1783, when Professor Jacques Charles and Nicolas-Louis Robert launched La Charlière from the Jardin des Tuileries in Paris. Blanchard’s flight nearly ended in disaster, when one spectator slashed at the balloon’s mooring ropes and oars with his sword after being refused a place on board. Blanchard intended to “row” northeast to La Villette but the balloon was pushed by the wind across the Seine to Billancourt and back again, landing in the rue de Sèvres. Blanchard adopted the Latin tag Sic itur ad astra as his motto.
Born: Jul 04, 1753 · Les Andelys, France Died: Mar 07, 1809 · The Hague, Netherlands Spouse: Sophie Blanchard Children: John Blanchard · Thomas Blanchard, Sr. · Joseph Blanchard · Pierre (Peter) Blanchard · Nathaniel Blanchard Parents: Jean-Guillaume Blanchard · Huclette Gourgeon Poirer
1784: Blanchard made his first successful balloon flight in Paris on 2 March 1784, in a hydrogen gas balloon launched from the Champ de Mars.
1784: Blanchard took a second flight on 30 November 1784, taking off with an American, Dr John Jeffries, from the Rhedarium behind Green Street Mayfair, London to Ingress in Kent.
1785: Crossing of the English Channel by Blanchard and Jeffries on 7 January 1785.
1791: Among the events that included demonstrations of his abilities as a balloonist was the coronation of Holy Roman Emperor Leopold II as King of Bohemia in Prague in September 1791.
1793: While Blanchard’s first parachute demonstrations were conducted with a dog as the passenger, he later had the opportunity to try it himself when in 1793 his hot air balloon ruptured and he used a parachute to escape.
1793: On 9 January 1793, Blanchard conducted the first balloon flight in the Americas.
wiki/Jean-Pierre_Blanchard(1942) The Battle of Bataan beginsExactly one month after the attack on Pearl Harbor, Japanese forces invade Luzon, Philippines, and will later force captured American and Filipino soldiers on the infamous Bataan Death March.The Battle of Bataan was a battle that represented the most intense phase of Imperial Japan’s invasion of the Philippines during World War II. In January 1942, forces of the Imperial Japanese Army and Navy invaded Luzon along with several islands in the Philippine Archipelago after the bombing of the American naval base at Pearl Harbor. The commander-in-chief of all Filipino and American forces in the islands, General Douglas MacArthur, consolidated all of his Luzon-based units on the Bataan Peninsula to fight against the Japanese invaders. By this time, the Japanese controlled nearly all of Southeast Asia. The Bataan peninsula and the island of Corregidor were the only remaining Allied strongholds in the region. Despite a lack of supplies, Filipino and American forces managed to fight the Japanese for three months, engaging them initially in a fighting retreat southward. As the combined Filipino and American forces made a last stand, the delay cost the Japanese valuable time and prevented immediate victory across the Pacific.
Start date: Jan 07, 1942 End date: Apr 09, 1942
wiki/Battle_of_Bataan(1953) Truman announces the H-bombIn his final State of the Union address, President Harry Truman reveals that the US has created the hydrogen bomb, a thermonuclear weapon vastly more powerful than the atomic bombs dropped on Japan.A thermonuclear weapon is a nuclear weapon that uses the energy from a primary nuclear fission reaction to compress and ignite a secondary nuclear fusion reaction. The result is greatly increased explosive power when compared to single-stage fission weapons. It is colloquially referred to as a hydrogen bomb or H-bomb because it employs fusion of isotopes of hydrogen.
Inventor: Edward Teller
wiki/Thermonuclear_weapon(1979) Cambodia’s Pol Pot overthrownThe Khmer Rouge and its leader, Pol Pot, are ousted from power as Vietnamese forces take over Cambodia’s capital Phnom Penh, ending four years of brutal dictatorship.Pol Pot, born Saloth Sar, was a Cambodian politician and revolutionary who led the Khmer Rouge from 1963 until 1997. From 1963 to 1981, he served as the General Secretary of the Communist Party of Kampuchea. As such, he became the leader of Cambodia on 17 April 1975, when his forces captured Phnom Penh. From 1976 to 1979, he also served as the Prime Minister of Democratic Kampuchea.
Lived: May 19, 1925 – Apr 15, 1998 (age 72) Height: 5′ 9″ (1.75 m) Spouse: Mea Son (m. 1985 – 1998) · Khieu Ponnary (m. 1956 – 1979) Children: Saloth Sitha (Daughter) Movies: Enemies of the People Education: Lycee Sisowath · EFREI (1949 – 1953)
1953: Due to failing his exams in three successive years, Sar was forced to return to Cambodia in January 1953.
1956: He married Khieu Ponnary on 14 July 1956.
1970: Philip Short offered an explanation for the origin of Pol Pot’s name, stating that Saloth Sar announced that he was adopting the name in July 1970.
1975: As such, he became the leader of Cambodia on 17 April 1975, when his forces captured Phnom Penh.
1976: Pol Pot’s actions came in response to the Vietnamese Communist Party’s fourth Congress (14 to 20 December 1976), which approved a resolution describing Vietnam’s special relationship with Laos and Cambodia.
1977: It was not until a speech on 15 April 1977 that Pol Pot revealed the CPK’s existence.