Lived: Dec 08, 1542 – Feb 08, 1587 (age 44)
Height: 5′ 11″ (1.80 m)
Spouse: James Hepburn, 4th Earl of Bothwell (m. 1567 – 1578) · Henry Stuart, Lord Darnley (m. 1565 – 1567) · Francis II of France (m. 1558 – 1559)
Children: James VI and I (Son)
Parents: James V of Scotland (Father) · Mary of Guise (Mother)
Buried: Peterborough Cathedral · Henry VII ChapelHighlights
- 1554: Arran, with the support of his friends and relations, became the regent until 1554 when Mary’s mother managed to remove and succeed him.
- 1566: Mary’s son by Darnley, James, was born on 19 June 1566 in Edinburgh Castle, but the murder of Rizzio led inevitably to the breakdown of her marriage.
- 1567: James Hepburn, 4th Earl of Bothwell, was generally believed to have orchestrated Darnley’s death, but he was acquitted of the charge in April 1567, and the following month he married Mary.
- 1567: Mary, Queen of Scots married James Hepburn, 4th Earl of Bothwell on May 15, 1567; their marriage lasted 11 years till April 14, 1578.
- 1567: On 24 July 1567, she was forced to abdicate in favour of James VI, her one-year-old son by Darnley.
- 1571: In 1571, Cecil and Walsingham uncovered the Ridolfi Plot, which was a plan to replace Elizabeth with Mary with the help of Spanish troops and the Duke of Norfolk.
Start date: Feb 08, 1904
End date: Sep 05, 1905
Founded: Feb 08, 1950
Ceased operation: Mar 31, 1990
|(1587) English colonists land at Roanoke Island|
|Hundreds of English settlers arrive on Roanoke Island, off the coast of present-day North Carolina. Although a previous colony on the island had vanished, Sir Walter Raleigh hopes this second colony will flourish. But three years later, relief ships will find it completely deserted, and the Lost Colony of Roanoke will become a haunting mystery..|
|(1793) Explorer completes crossing of North America|
|Twelve years before Lewis and Clark reach the Pacific, Scottish explorer Alexander Mackenzie finishes a North American cross-continental trip in what will be Canada. Mackenzie will lay the groundwork for Britain’s settlement of Canada and future continent-spanning expeditions further south..|
|(1812) French are routed at Salamanca by Wellington|
|His historic battle with Napoleon at Waterloo less than three years away, Arthur Wellesley, Earl of Wellington, helps liberate Madrid as he leads Anglo-Portuguese units against France in the Battle of Salamanca, an offensive that will garner him great praise and a rapid military rise..|
|(1934) Dillinger’s criminal career ends in a hail of bullets|
|John Dillinger’s seemingly superhuman skill at prison breaks, evading police raids, and literally getting away with murder finally falters as he leaves Chicago’s Biograph Theater. His companion, brothel owner Anna Sage, has set him up and he’s shot while attempting to flee police. .|