Dancing mania (also known as dancing plague, choreomania, St John’s Dance and, historically, St. Vitus’s Dance) was a social phenomenon that occurred primarily in mainland Europe between the 14th and 17th centuries. It involved groups of people dancing erratically, sometimes thousands at a time. The mania affected men, women, and children who danced until they collapsed from exhaustion. One of the first major outbreaks was in Aachen, in the Holy Roman Empire, in 1374, and it quickly spread throughout Europe; one particularly notable outbreak occurred in Strasbourg in 1518, also in the Holy Roman Empire.
Affecting thousands of people across several centuries, dancing mania was not an isolated event, and was well documented in contemporary reports. It was nevertheless poorly understood, and remedies were based on guesswork. Generally, musicians accompanied dancers, to help ward off the mania, but this tactic sometimes backfired by encouraging more to join in. There is no consensus among modern-day scholars as to the cause of dancing mania.
The several theories proposed range from religious cults being behind the processions to people dancing to relieve themselves of stress and put the poverty of the period out of their minds. It is, however, thought[by whom?] to have been a mass psychogenic illness in which the occurrence of similar physical symptoms, with no known physical cause, affect a large group of people as a form of social influence.
Lived: Oct 25, 1881 – Apr 08, 1973 (age 91)
Height: 5′ 4″ (1.63 m)
Spouse: Jacqueline Roque (m. 1961 – 1973) · Olga Khokhlova (m. 1918 – 1955)
Children: Claude Picasso (Son) · Paloma Picasso (Daughter) · Paul Joseph Picasso (Son) · Maya Widmaier-Picasso (Daughter)
Periods: Cubism · Picasso’s Blue Period · Picasso’s Rose Period · Picasso’s African Period · Surrealism · Modern art · Analytic cubism · Synthetic cubism
Parents: José Ruiz y Blasco (Father) · María Picasso y López (Mother)
Born: Mar 29, 1915 · Sebeka, MN
Died: Jan 16, 1984 · Bellevue, WA
Spouse: Doris Arnold
Education: University of Minnesota
Parents: Bertha E. Barden · Edward Erb ArnoldHighlights
- 1940: Arnold began Great Western Fire Control Supply in Boise, Idaho in 1940, a company that sold and installed fire suppression systems, a job that took him around the Pacific Northwest.
- 1947: He is best known for making what is generally considered the first widely reported unidentified flying object sighting in the United States, after claiming to have seen nine unusual objects flying in tandem near Mount Rainier, Washington on June 24, 1947.
- 1962: He ran unsuccessfully for Lieutenant Governor of Idaho in 1962.
- 1977: On June 24, 1977, however, he attended the First International UFO Congress in Chicago, curated by Fate to mark the 30th anniversary of the “birth” of the modern UFO age.
- 1984: Kenneth Arnold died on January 16, 1984 in Bellevue, United States.