Year of 2017


013017
A muskox and her calf in Norway

Muskoxen aren’t native to Dovrefjell-Sunndalsfjella National Park in central Norway. Herds were introduced to the area in the 1930s. It’s an ideal habitat for the sturdy bovines, who feed on moss, lichen, and grasses on the tundra. This photo was likely taken in autumn before muskox herds head to high-altitude terrain in the park, where snow is sparse and it’s easier for them to uncover grazing plants beneath the snow.


The muskox, also spelled musk ox and musk-ox, in Inuktitut ᐅᒥᖕᒪᒃ, umingmak, is an Arctic mammal of the family Bovidae, noted for its thick coat and for the strong odor emitted during the seasonal rut by males, from which its name derives. Its Inuktitut name “umingmak” translates to “the bearded one.” This musky odor is used to attract females during mating season. Muskoxen primarily live in the Canadian Arctic and Greenland, with small introduced populations in Sweden, Siberia, Norway, and Alaska.
Scientific name: Ovibos moschatus
Weight: 628.32 pound (285 kg) on average
Lifespan: 12 years – 20 years
Height: 43.31 inch (110 cm) – 59.06 inch (150 cm)
Body length: 78.74 inch (200 cm) – 98.43 inch (250 cm) (Male) · 53.15 inch (135 cm) – 78.74 inch (200 cm) (Female)
Gestation period: 243 days – 274 days

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