Year of 2017

Piraputanga schooling in the Cerrado, Brazil

They may not know it, but these fish are swimming in one of the most unique ecosystems in the world. They’re found in the Cerrado, an expansive tropical savannah that covers more than 20 percent of the land in Brazil. It’s not as famous as the Amazon, but this region is a true biodiversity hot spot. It’s home to more than 10,000 types of plants, as well as charismatic species like the jaguar, maned wolf, and the tapir, not to mention these fine fish. They’re from the genus Brycon, which accounts for more than 40 fish species sometimes called the South American trout, even though they’re unrelated to actual trout.

The Cerrado is a vast tropical savanna ecoregion of Brazil, particularly in the states of Goiás, Mato Grosso do Sul, Mato Grosso, Tocantins and Minas Gerais. The Cerrado biome core areas are the plateaus in the center of Brazil. The main habitat types of the Cerrado include: forest savanna, wooded savanna, park savanna and gramineous-woody savanna. Savanna wetlands and gallery forests are also included. The second largest of Brazil’s major habitat types, after the Amazonian rainforest, the Cerrado accounts for a full 21 percent of the country’s land area.

Cerrado Ecoregion
Ecoregion NT0704: Cerrado