Commemorating peace in Antarctica
We feel chilly just looking at this image of the Europa sailing the Penola Strait, near the Antarctic Peninsula. This three-masted barque may resemble polar explorer Ernest Shackleton’s ill-fated ship Endurance, which was lost to the ice in an expedition to the South Pole in 1915. But the Europa is a modern, refitted lightship that now sails the world with paying passengers and makes annual trips to Antarctica.
Today would be a special day to visit the icy continent at the bottom of the world. On June 23, 1961, the Antarctic Treaty went into effect, setting aside the land and ice shelves south of 60°S latitude as a scientific preserve, and banning military activity. Fifty-three countries are now part of the agreement, to which the penguins may or may not be signatories.