A Historical Day

(1565) Rio de Janeiro is founded
1565 Sixty-five years after the Portuguese first explored the area, a city is founded on Guanabara Bay in the southeast Captaincy Colonies of Brazil. It will go on to be one of the most populated cities in the Americas. .
(1692) First suspects accused in Salem witch hunt
Magistrates in the colonial Massachusetts village of Salem charge Sarah Good, Sarah Osborne, and Tituba with witchcraft. Before the hysteria ends, more than 150 will be accused and 19 executed.. 1692
(1950) Atomic spy Klaus Fuchs convicted in Britain
1950 One of Britain’s top nuclear scientists is found guilty of spying for the Soviet Union, including passing them atomic bomb secrets from his time with the Manhattan Project at Los Alamos, New Mexico. .
(1961) President Kennedy establishes Peace Corps
US President John F. Kennedy sends out a call to young Americans to travel to foreign lands, especially poor and developing nations, to offer humanitarian assistance. By the early 21st century, more than 200,000 will have volunteered for the Peace Corps and served in 140 countries.. 1961