A Historical Day

(1858) Bernadette has vision of Virgin Mary

1858 Bernadette Soubirous, age 14, claims the Virgin Mary appeared to her in a grotto near the French town of Lourdes. The peasant girl will face skepticism, but the grotto will become a shrine and Bernadette will be made a saint..

(1937) General Motors recognizes autoworker’s union

1937 Following a six-week strike by the United Auto Workers, violent clashes with police, and Michigan’s governor calling in the National Guard, General Motors is the first American auto company to sign a union contract..

(1979) Ayatollah Khomeini comes to power in Iran

1979 After defeating the last of the Iranian shah’s forces, rebel groups seize power and install their formerly exiled leader, Khomeini, as the head of the new Islamic republic..

(1990) Nelson Mandela freed after 27 years in prison

1990 South Africa’s most prominent anti-apartheid activist, Nelson Mandela, is released after almost three decades of captivity. He will go on to win the Nobel Peace Prize and become the nation’s president..