A Historical Day

(1649) England’s King Charles I executed on charge of treason

1649 Controversial from his reign’s start, King Charles clashed frequently with the English parliament, leading to two civil wars, Oliver Cromwell’s rise, and finally to his own beheading.

(1948) Mahatma Gandhi assassinated

1948 Gandhi, India’s political and spiritual leader whose use of nonviolent civil disobedience led to his country’s independence from British colonial rule, is slain in New Delhi by a Hindu extremist.

(1968) The Tet Offensive begins with surprise attacks

1968 Viet Cong and North Vietnamese forces break the holiday truce, launching a widespread military campaign against US and South Vietnamese targets that is among the largest of the Vietnam War.

(1972) Northern Ireland suffers ‘Bloody Sunday’

1972 British soldiers fire on unarmed Catholic civil rights protestors during a Derry, Northern Ireland, march, killing 14 and wounding 17. The incident ratchets up tension and strife during The Troubles.