Roughly 7,700 years ago, give or take 150 years, Mount Mazama erupted and collapsed, creating a massive crater that would become Crater Lake. Fast-forward to this day in 1902, and Crater Lake National Park was established. With a maximum depth of 1,943 feet, equivalent to 3.5 Washington Monuments, Crater Lake is also the deepest lake in the US.
Date: May 22, 1960
Areas affected: Chile, Pacific Rim
Depth: 33 km (21 mi)
Max. intensity: XII (Extreme)
USGS ShakeMap for the May 22, 1960 Valdivia earthquake, which at an estimated magnitude of 9.5, is the strongest earthquake ever recorded.
(1960) Strongest earthquake ever recorded slams Chile.
Also on this day,
1843 | Oregon Trail
1980 | Pac-Man debuts
1992 | Carson signs off
If you saw the profile of a face in this sand dune, you’re not alone. We humans perceive random images as faces (and other familiar objects) all the time—it’s a phenomenon called pareidolia. In this case, maybe it’s just our way of finding something familiar and reassuring in this formidable desert.
Though the coastal Namib Desert begins in the southwest of Angola, and creeps into South Africa, the largest stretch of the Namib makes up the coastline of Namibia. Parts of the Namib rise in steep elevation, while the northern portion is often shrouded in thick fog rolling off the Atlantic. The fog over the region called the Skeleton Coast is responsible for numerous shipwrecks, but the moisture it brings into the harsh desert landscape is crucial to the flora and fauna that thrive here.
Born: Dec 25, 1821 · Oxford, MA
Died: Apr 12, 1912 · Glen Echo, MD
Founded: American Red Cross · National First Aid Society · American Association (20th century)
Siblings: Stephen Barton (Brother) · Sarah Barton Vassall (Sister) · David Barton (Brother) · Dorothea Barton (Sister)
Parents: Sarah Barton (Mother) · Stephen Barton (Father)Highlights
- 1821: Barton was born on December 25, 1821, in North Oxford, Massachusetts.
- 1868: She closed the Missing Soldiers Office in 1868 and traveled to Europe.
- 1869: In 1869, Clara Barton closed the Missing Soldiers Office and headed to Europe.
- 1897: In 1897, responding to the humanitarian crisis in the Ottoman Empire in the aftermath of the Hamidian Massacres, Barton sailed to Constantinople and after long negotiations with Abdul Hamid II, opened the first American International Red Cross headquarters in the heart of Turkey.
- 1900: Barton’s last field operation as President of the American Red Cross was helping victims of the Galveston hurricane in 1900.
- 1912: On April 12, 1912 at the age of 90, she died in her home.
Clara Barton (1821–1912), founder of the American Red Cross
(1881) Clara Barton founds the American Red Cross.
Also on this day,
1927 | Lindbergh crosses Atlantic
1955 | Birth of rock guitar
1992 | MTV gets “Real”
The Guggenheim Foundation has opened three major museums around the world—in New York City; in Venice, Italy; and here in Bilbao, Spain. A fourth museum is currently being developed in Abu Dhabi, in the United Arab Emirates. The Guggenheim Museum Bilbao is home to a modern art collection and large, site-specific pieces, such as ‘Puppy’ by Jeff Koons, seen here. Koons combined the plants and planting style of 18th-century European gardens with a very 20th-century pop-art aesthetic when he created the giant dog sculpture. Where are we off to next?