Last-minute holiday shopping doesn’t look so stressful here at Ravennaschlucht Christmas market in the Black Forest region of southwest Germany. The tradition of attending a local Christmas market, or Christkindlmarkt, dates back to the Germany of the Middle Ages, and remains a popular holiday custom. At these outdoor gatherings visitors stock up on baked goods and crafts, enjoy entertainment, and sip mulled wine. Prost!
Maximum speed: 121.79 mph
Range: 26,229 miles
Maiden flight: Jun 22, 1984
Length: 29′ 2″
Wingspan: 111 feet
The Voyager aircraft circles before landing at Edwards Air Force Base, Edwards, California, to complete its record-breaking, non-stop unrefueled flight around the world.
Also on this day,
1823 | ‘A Visit from St. Nicholas’ is published
A newspaper in Troy, New York, publishes an anonymous poem with the memorable opening line, “Twas the night before Christmas, when all thro’ the house…” Literature professor Clement Clarke Moore will later be identified as the author of the poem that will help define the modern Santa Claus.1888 | Vincent van Gogh reportedly slices off part of his ear
A depressed Van Gogh cuts off his ear, reportedly after his friend, artist Paul Gauguin, says he’s leaving the “yellow house” in Arles, France, where Van Gogh is renting rooms. This dashes Van Gogh’s hopes of creating an artist colony there. Some historians will doubt Van Gogh cut his own ear and will blame Gauguin for the injury.1954 | First successful kidney transplant performed
A medical team described by one doctor as a “bunch of fools,” performs the procedure on 23-year-old identical twins, Richard and Ronald Herrick. The recipient will live for eight years; his donor brother will live until age 79. One of the doctors, Joseph Murray, will go on to win a Nobel Prize for his work in organ transplants.
Kidney transplantation or renal transplantation is the organ transplant of a kidney into a patient with end-stage renal disease. Kidney transplantation is typically classified as deceased-donor (formerly known as cadaveric) or living-donor transplantation depending on the source of the donor organ.
Living-donor renal transplants are further characterized as genetically related (living-related) or non-related (living-unrelated) transplants, depending on whether a biological relationship exists between the donor and recipient.
Exchanges and chains are a novel approach to expand the living donor pool. In February 2012, this novel approach to expand the living donor pool resulted in the largest chain in the world, involving 60 participants organized by the National Kidney Registry. In 2014 the record for the largest chain was broken again by a swap involving 70 participants.
Kidney location after transplantation. Based on this image. Human figure adapted from this image by Connexions, which was licensed under CC BY 3.0.