Edward Jenner, FRS was an English physician and scientist who was the pioneer of smallpox vaccine, the world’s first vaccine. The terms “vaccine” and “vaccination” are derived from Variolae vaccinae, the term devised by Jenner to denote cowpox. He used it in 1796 in the long title of his Inquiry into the Variolae vaccinae known as the Cow Pox, in which he described the protective effect of cowpox against smallpox.
Born: May 17, 1749 · Berkeley, United Kingdom
Died: Jan 26, 1823 · Berkeley, United Kingdom
Romance: Catherine Kingscote
Education: University of St Andrews · St George’s, University of London · St George’s Hospital
Parents: Stephen Jenner (Father) · Sarah Jenner (Mother)
Children: Catherine Fitzhardinge Jenner (Daughter) · Robert Fitzhardinge Jenner (Son) · Edward Robert Jenner (Son)Highlights
- 1749: Edward Anthony Jenner was born on 17 May 1749 (6 May Old Style) in Berkeley, Gloucestershire, as the eighth of nine children.
- 1774: For example, Dorset farmer Benjamin Jesty successfully vaccinated and presumably induced immunity with cowpox in his wife and two children during a smallpox epidemic in 1774, but it was not until Jenner’s work that the procedure became widely understood.
- 1796: He used it in 1796 in the long title of his Inquiry into the Variolae vaccinae known as the Cow Pox, in which he described the protective effect of cowpox against smallpox.
- 1796: On 14 May 1796, Jenner tested his hypothesis by inoculating James Phipps, an eight-year-old boy who was the son of Jenner’s gardener.
- 1798: An inquiry into the causes and effects of the variolae vaccinae written by Edward Jenner was first published in 1798.
- 1823: He never fully recovered and eventually died of an apparent stroke, his second, on 26 January 1823, aged 73.
The Balmis Expedition took the vaccine to Spanish America in 1804
(1796) Scourge of smallpox meets its match.
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