Lived: Dec 09, 1906 – Jan 01, 1992 (age 85)
Spouse: Vincent Foster Hopper (m. 1930 – 1945)
Inventions: COBOL · FLOW-MATIC · MATH-MATIC
Education: Yale University · Vassar College (1924 – 1928) · Wardlaw-Hartridge School
Parents: Walter Fletcher Murray (Father) · Mary Campbell Van Horne Murray (Mother)
Awards: Defense Distinguished Service Medal · American Campaign Medal · National Medal of Technology and Innovation (1991) · IEEE Emanuel R. Piore Award (1988)Highlights
- 1930: Grace Hopper married Vincent Foster Hopper in 1930; their marriage lasted 15 years till 1945.
- 1949: In 1949, Hopper became an employee of the Eckert–Mauchly Computer Corporation as a senior mathematician and joined the team developing the UNIVAC I. Hopper also served as UNIVAC director of Automatic Programming Development for Remington Rand.
- 1952: By 1952, Hopper finished her program linker (originally called a compiler), which was written for the A-0 System.
- 1954: In 1954 Hopper was named the company’s first director of automatic programming, and her department released some of the first compiler-based programming languages, including MATH-MATIC and FLOW-MATIC.
- 1959: In 1959, she participated in the CODASYL consortium, which consulted Hopper to guide them in creating a machine-independent programming language.
- 1992: She retained that position until her death at age 85 in 1992.
Grace Murray Hopper at the UNIVAC keyboard, c. 1960. Grace Brewster Murray: American mathematician and rear admiral in the U.S. Navy who was a pioneer in developing computer technology, helping to devise UNIVAC I. the first commercial electronic computer, and naval applications for COBOL (common-business-oriented language).
(1959) Grace Hopper leads computer programming milestone.
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