(539 BCE) Founder of the Persian Empire is king of the worldThe Persian Achaemenid Empire already stretches across a huge swath of the known world when its leader, Cyrus the Great, conquers another great capital, Babylon. His Cyrus Cylinder will proclaim him “king of the four corners of the world” and set out many reforms for Mesopotamia.Cyrus II of Persia, commonly known as Cyrus the Great and also called Cyrus the Elder by the Greeks, was the founder of the Achaemenid Empire. Under his rule, the empire embraced all the previous civilized states of the ancient Near East, expanded vastly and eventually conquered most of Southwest Asia and much of Central Asia and the Caucasus. From the Mediterranean Sea and Hellespont in the west to the Indus River in the east, Cyrus the Great created the largest empire the world had yet seen. Under his successors, the empire eventually stretched at its maximum extent from parts of the Balkans and Eastern Europe proper in the west, to the Indus Valley in the east. His regal titles in full were The Great King, King of Persia, King of Anshan, King of Media, King of Babylon, King of Sumer and Akkad, and King of the Four Corners of the World.
Birthplace: Anshan, Iran Died: 530 BC · Syr Darya Spouse: Cassandane · Neithiyti Children: Atossa (Daughter) · Cambyses II (Son) · Bardiya (Son) · Roxane (Daughter) · Artystone (Daughter) Buried: Pasargadae Parents: Cambyses I (Father) · Mandane of Media (Mother) The Achaemenid Empire under Cyrus’s rule. Persia became the largest empire the world had yet seen.