Number of countries: 14
Start date: Apr 06, 1896
End date: Apr 15, 1896
Number of athletes: 241
Lived: Aug 08, 1866 – Mar 09, 1955 (age 88)
Spouse: Lucy Ross (m. 1906)
Education: Harvard University
Written works: A Black Explorer at the North PoleHighlights
- 1906: Matthew Henson married Lucy Ross in 1906.
- 1909: He and Peary with their teams covered thousands of miles in dog sleds and reached the “Farthest North” point of any Arctic expedition until 1909 .
- 1912: In 1912 Matthew Henson published his memoir about his arctic explorations, A Negro Explorer at the North Pole.
- 1937: Henson was invited in 1937 as a member of The Explorers Club due to his achievement and was the first African American to be accepted.
- 1948: In 1948 he was made an honorary member, a distinction for 20 people annually.
- 1955: Henson died in the Bronx on March 9, 1955, at the age of 88.
Lived: May 06, 1856 – Feb 20, 1920 (age 63)
Spouse: Josephine Diebitsch Peary (m. 1888 – 1920)
Education: Bowdoin College · Portland High School
Children: Marie Ahnighito Peary · Kali Peary · Robert Edwin Peary Jr.
Buried: Arlington National CemeteryHighlights
- 1886: Peary made his first expedition to the Arctic in 1886, intending to cross Greenland by dog sled, taking the first of his own suggested paths.
- 1888: On August 11, 1888, Peary married Josephine Diebitsch, a business school valedictorian who thought the modern woman should be more than just a mother.
- 1892: On May 3, 1892, Peary finally set out on the intended trek with Henson, Gibson, Cook and Astrup.
- 1902: Peary also achieved a “farthest north” for the western hemisphere in 1902 north of Canada’s Ellesmere Island.
- 1908: For his final assault on the Pole, Peary and 23 men, including Ross Gilmore Marvin, set off from New York City on July 6, 1908 aboard the SS Roosevelt under the command of Captain Robert Bartlett.
- 1909: Robert Edwin Peary, Sr. (May 6, 1856 – February 20, 1920) was an American explorer who claimed to have reached the geographic North Pole with his expedition on April 6, 1909.
The first aerial circumnavigation of the world was conducted in 1924 by a team of aviators of the United States Army Air Service, the precursor of the United States Air Force. The trip took 175 days, covering over 27,553 miles (44,342 km).
In 1929 Australian Charles Kingsford Smith completed the second circumnavigation of the world by flight, and the first within both hemispheres, including the first trans-Pacific flight to Australia in 1928.