(1872) The Metropolitan Museum of Art opens in New York CityFounded two years previously, the Metropolitan officially unveils to the public its total collection: a Roman sarcophagus and 174 paintings. The museum will go on to become the largest in the United States, acquiring a staggering collection of more than 2 million works.The Metropolitan Museum of Art, colloquially “the Met”, is located in New York City and is the largest art museum in the United States, and is among the most visited art museums in the world. Its permanent collection contains over two million works, divided among seventeen curatorial departments. The main building, on the eastern edge of Central Park along Manhattan’s Museum Mile, is by area one of the world’s largest art galleries. A much smaller second location, The Cloisters at Fort Tryon Park in Upper Manhattan, contains an extensive collection of art, architecture, and artifacts from Medieval Europe. On March 18, 2016, the museum opened the Met Breuer museum at Madison Avenue in the Upper East Side; it extends the museum’s modern and contemporary art program.
Website:www.metmuseum.org/visit/met-fifth-avenue Address: 1000 Fifth Avenue At 81st St, New York, NY 10028 Customer service: +1 8006623397 Hours: See opening and closing times on official site listed above Established: Feb 20, 1872 Points of interest: Anna Wintour Costume Center Director: Thomas P. Campbell
wiki/Metropolitan_Museum_of_Art(1943) The first of Rockwell’s ‘Four Freedoms’ is publishedInspired by President Franklin Roosevelt’s 1941 State of the Union speech, artist Norman Rockwell creates four iconic scenes of mid-20th-century American values. All will appear in The Saturday Evening Post.The Four Freedoms is a series of four 1943 oil paintings by the American artist Norman Rockwell. The paintings—Freedom of Speech, Freedom of Worship, Freedom from Want, and Freedom from Fear—are each approximately 45.75 inches × 35.5 inches, and are now in the Norman Rockwell Museum in Stockbridge, Massachusetts. The four freedoms refer to President Franklin D. Roosevelt’s January 1941 Four Freedoms State of the Union address in which he identified essential human rights that should be universally protected. The theme was incorporated into the Atlantic Charter, and became part of the charter of the United Nations. The paintings were reproduced in The Saturday Evening Post over four consecutive weeks in 1943, alongside essays by prominent thinkers of the day. They became the highlight of a touring exhibition sponsored by The Post and the U.S. Department of the Treasury. The exhibition and accompanying sales drives of war bonds raised over $132 million.
Date started: 1943 Artist: Norman Rockwell Artworks in series: Freedom from Want · Freedom of Speech · Freedom from Fear · Freedom of Worship
wiki/Four_Freedoms_(Norman_Rockwell)(1962) First American orbits the earthThe Friendship 7 spacecraft and its pilot, Major John Glenn, make three orbits around the Earth and travel 65,763 nautical miles in just under five hours. Glenn’s flight, called the Mercury-Atlas 6, comes just months after Soviet cosmonaut Yuri Gagarin’s successful orbit of Earth on April 12, 1961.Mercury-Atlas 6 was the third human spaceflight for the U.S. and part of Project Mercury. Conducted by NASA on February 20, 1962, the mission was piloted by astronaut John Glenn, who performed three orbits of the Earth, making him the first U.S. astronaut to orbit the Earth.
Mission start: Feb 20, 1962 Mission end: Feb 20, 1962 Astronaut: John Glenn Space program: Project Mercury
wiki/Mercury-Atlas_6(1985) Ireland legalizes sale of birth controlDefying the Catholic Church’s wishes on a social issue for the first time, Ireland’s government legislators reverse the ban on importation or sale of contraceptives.Contraception was illegal in Ireland from 1935 until 1980, when it was legalised with strong restrictions, later loosened. The ban reflected Catholic teachings on sexual morality. wiki/Contraception_in_the_Republic_of_Ireland3.3.f17