(1943) Soviets launch offensive against Germans at Leningrad Soviet forces pierce through the Nazi encirclement that has left Leningrad citizens cut off from the rest of the world for the previous 18 months, and begin to offer relief to the starving population. The siege will continue for another year before it is finally lifted, resulting in the loss of 650,000 lives.The Siege of Leningrad, also known as the Leningrad Blockade was a prolonged military blockade undertaken mainly by the German Army Group North against Leningrad, historically and currently known as Saint Petersburg, in the Eastern Front theatre of World War II. The siege started on 8 September 1941, when the last road to the city was severed. Although the Soviets managed to open a narrow land corridor to the city on 18 January 1943, the siege was only lifted on 27 January 1944, 872 days after it began. It was one of the longest and most destructive sieges in history and possibly the costliest in terms of casualties.
Start date: Sep 08, 1941 End date: Jan 27, 1944
wiki/Siege_of_Leningrad(1962) First major American combat mission in VietnamUS Army helicopters and personnel transport over 1,000 South Vietnamese paratroopers to engage enemies west of Saigon in Operation Chopper, America’s first battle mission of the Vietnam War.Operation Chopper occurred on January 12, 1962 and was the first time US forces participated in major combat in the Vietnam War. In December 1961, the USNS Core docked in Saigon with 82 US Army Piasecki H-21 helicopters. A little more than 12 days later, Operation Chopper commenced.
Date: Jan 12, 1962
wiki/Operation_Chopper_(Vietnam)(1992) HAL 9000 becomes operational in Urbana, IllinoisIn Arthur C. Clarke’s novel ‘2001: A Space Odyssey,’ the fictional HAL Lab debuts the HAL 9000, a supercomputer created to control the Discovery One spacecraft. Although polite, HAL’s operation of the pod bay door will prove to be unreliable.HAL 9000 is a fictional character and the main antagonist in Arthur C. Clarke’s Space Odyssey series. First appearing in 2001: A Space Odyssey, HAL is a sentient computer that controls the systems of the Discovery One spacecraft and interacts with the ship’s astronaut crew. Part of HAL’s hardware is shown towards the end of the film, but he is mostly depicted as a camera lens containing a red dot, instances of which are located throughout the ship. HAL 9000 is voiced by Douglas Rain in the two film adaptations of the Space Odyssey series and a short film voiced by Andrew Stanton. HAL speaks in a soft, calm voice and a conversational manner, in contrast to the crewmen, David Bowman and Frank Poole.
Creators: Arthur C. Clarke · Stanley Kubrick Related movies: 2001: A Space Odyssey Appearances: 3001: The Final Odyssey · 2061: Odyssey Three · 2010: Odyssey Two · 2001: A Space Odyssey Species: Artificial intelligence · Computer Place of Birth: Urbana Siblings: SAL 9000
wiki/HAL_9000(2010) A devastating earthquake strikes HaitiThe strongest earthquake to hit Haiti in 200 years strikes with an epicenter only 15 miles from the Caribbean nation’s capital, Port-au-Prince, killing 200,000 and leaving 895,000 homeless.The 2010 Haiti earthquake was a catastrophic magnitude 7.0 Mw earthquake, with an epicenter near the town of Léogâne, approximately 25 kilometres west of Port-au-Prince, Haiti’s capital. The earthquake occurred at 16:53 local time on Tuesday, 12 January 2010.