|(1776) Washington loses to Howe in Brooklyn Heights|
|Less than two months a nation, the United States fights the largest Revolutionary War battle yet when George Washington and his 10,000 Continental Army troops battle General William Howe’s 20,000-strong British force at Gowanus Pass in Brooklyn Heights to control New York City’s strategic port..|
The Battle of Long Island, also known as the Battle of Brooklyn and the Battle of Brooklyn Heights, fought on August 27, 1776, was the first major battle of the American Revolutionary War to take place after the United States declared its independence on July 4, 1776. It was a victory for the British Army and the beginning of a successful campaign that gave them control of the strategically important city of New York. In terms of troop deployment and fighting, it was the largest battle of the entire war.
|(1883) A Dutch East Indies island volcano blows its top|
|Dormant for 200 years, the volcanic island of Krakatoa began erupting yesterday, and today explodes with the loudest sounds in recorded history, destroying two-thirds of the island, causing more than 36,000 deaths, and generating multiple tsunamis, green moonlight, and a weather-altering volcanic winter..|
The 1883 eruption of Krakatoa in the Dutch East Indies began in the afternoon of August 26, 1883, and culminated with several destructive eruptions of the remaining caldera. On August 27, two-thirds of Krakatoa collapsed in a chain of titanic explosions, destroying most of the island and its surrounding archipelago. Additional alleged seismic activity continued to be reported until February 1884, though reports of those after October 1883 were later dismissed by Rogier Verbeek’s investigation. It was one of the deadliest and most destructive volcanic events in recorded history, with at least 36,000 deaths being attributed to the eruption itself and the tsunamis it created. Significant additional effects were also felt around the world.
|(1955) Amazing accomplishments and freaky facts get their tome|
|Inspired by an argument over whether the red grouse or golden plover flies faster, the marketing director at Guinness Breweries and fact-finding colleagues compile a reference book to answer such weird and wonderful questions, and the first ‘Guinness Book of Records’ is published..|
Guinness World Records, known from its inception in 1955 until 1998 as The Guinness Book of Records and in previous U.S. editions as The Guinness Book of World Records, is a reference book published annually, listing world records and national records, both of human achievements and the extremes of the natural world. The book itself holds a world record, as the best-selling copyrighted book of all time. As of the 2016 edition, it is now in its 62nd year of publication. The international franchise has extended beyond print to include television series and museums. The popularity of the franchise has resulted in Guinness World Records becoming the primary international authority on the cataloguing and verification of a huge number of world records; the organization employs official record adjudicators authorised to verify the authenticity of the setting and breaking of records.
|(1976) Tennis bars a transgender pioneer from competition|
|Nine months after her sex-reassignment surgery, Dr. Renée Richards refuses to take a chromosome test mandated by tennis authorities and is banned from playing in the US Open. A court order will later admit Richards to 1977’s tournament. .|
Renée Richards is an American ophthalmologist and former tennis player who had some success on the professional circuit in the 1970s. In 1975 Richards underwent male-to-female sex reassignment surgery. She was then denied entry into the 1976 US Open by the United States Tennis Association, which began that year requiring genetic screening for female players. She disputed this policy, and the New York Supreme Court ruled in her favor in 1977 in a decision in favor of transsexual rights. As one of the first professional athletes to identify as such, she became a spokesperson for the transgender community.