(1847) The Donner Party is rescued
Surviving members of the ill-fated Donner Party, a group of pioneers snowbound in a Sierra Nevada mountain pass for almost four months, are finally located by a rescue party. Harrowing tales follow, including accounts of cannibalism..
(1942) FDR orders internment of Japanese Americans
Responding to paranoia after the Pearl Harbor attack, President Roosevelt signs an order that will lead to some 120,000 people of Japanese ancestry, including American citizens, to be forced into internment camps. The US will offer financial redress and official apologies in the 1980s and ’90s..
(1945) 30,000 US Marines land on Iwo Jima
Three Marine divisions make an amphibious landing on the beaches of a desolate, volcanic island 650 miles south of Tokyo. The ensuing battle with entrenched Japanese forces will be one of WWII’s bloodiest..
(1963) Betty Friedan’s ‘The Feminine Mystique’ published
Following a survey of her fellow Smith College alumni on the state of their lives, Betty Friedan releases her groundbreaking work on gender inequality. It will help launch what’s considered the second wave of feminism in the United States..