(1943) Soviets launch offensive against Germans at Leningrad
Soviet forces pierce through the Nazi encirclement that has left Leningrad citizens cut off from the rest of the world for the previous 18 months, and begin to offer relief to the starving population. The siege will continue for another year before it is finally lifted, resulting in the loss of 650,000 lives.
(1962) First major American combat mission in Vietnam
US Army helicopters and personnel transport over 1,000 South Vietnamese paratroopers to engage enemies west of Saigon in Operation Chopper, America’s first battle mission of the Vietnam War.
(1992) HAL 9000 becomes operational in Urbana, Illinois
In Arthur C. Clarke’s novel ‘2001: A Space Odyssey,’ the HAL Lab debuts the HAL 9000, a supercomputer created to control the Discovery One spacecraft. Although polite, HAL’s operation of the pod bay door will prove to be unreliable.
(2010) A devastating earthquake strikes Haiti
The strongest earthquake to hit Haiti in 200 years strikes with an epicenter only 15 miles from the Caribbean nation’s capital, Port-au-Prince, killing 200,000 and leaving 895,000 homeless.